- National Unity Party (Canada)
Parti National Social Chrétien
Canadian National Socialist Unity Party
National Unity Party
Founded 1934 Dissolved 1940 Succeeded by None; Banned Newspaper The Canadian Nationalist (English)
Le Combat National (French)
Paramilitary wing Blueshirts Ideology Nazism, Clerical Fascism, Canadian Nationalism Political position Far right Official colors Red, White, Blue Party flag Politics of Canada
Part of a series on Nazism Category · Portal
The Parti National Social Chrétien was a Canadian political party formed by Adrien Arcand in February 1934. The party identified with anti-semitism, and German leader Adolf Hitler's Nazism. The party was later known, in English, as the Canadian National Socialist Unity Party or National Unity Party.
The party was formed by Adrien Arcand in February 1934. It was known in English as the Christian National Socialist Party. Arcand was a Quebec-based fascist and anti-semite. An admirer of Adolf Hitler, Arcand referred to himself as the "Canadian führer".
In October 1934, the party merged with the Canadian Nationalist Party, which was based in the Prairie provinces. By the mid 1930s, the party had some success, with a few thousand members mainly concentrated in Quebec, British Columbia and Alberta.
In June 1938, it merged with Nazi and other racist clubs in Ontario and Quebec, many of which were known as Swastika clubs, to form the National Unity Party at a national convention held in Kingston, Ontario. At a time of English-French Canadian tension, Arcand tried to create a pan-Canadian (English and French) nationalist political movement. It was based on the National Socialist (Nazi) Party in Germany. Arcand then proceeded to Toronto where his new party held a rally of 800 supporters at Massey Hall. However, the anti-fascist Canadian League for Peace and Democracy held a simultaneious rally of 10,000 people at Maple Leaf Gardens in opposition to Arcand.
The group was known colloquially as the "Blue Shirts", and commonly fought with immigrants, Canadian minorities and leftist groups. The group boasted that it would seize power in Canada, but the party exaggerated its own influence.
Arcand ran in the 1949 federal election in the riding of Richelieu—Verchères as a candidate for the National Unity Party. He placed second, winning 5,590 votes (29.1% of the total). He came in second again with 39 per cent of the vote when he ran as a "Nationalist" in Berthier—Maskinongé—delanaudière in the 1953 federal election.
The party's last public act was a rally held on November 14, 1965 in Montreal's Paul Sauvé Arena with 850 of Arcand's followers in attendance.
- ^ a b Fascist Meet, Time Magazine, July 18, 1938
- ^ Richelieu—Verchères Riding history from the Library of Parliament
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Unity Party — The National Unity Party or National United Party may refer to: National Unity Party (Albania) National Unity Party of Canada National Unity Party (Central African Republic) National Unity Party (Dominican Republic) Party of National Unity (Fiji) … Wikipedia
National Unity — Governments are coalition governments made up of all or most parties in a parliament. They are usually formed in times of war or severe political crisis. National Unity is the name of political parties in various countries National Unity Party… … Wikipedia
Unity Party of Canada — Infobox Canada Political Party party name = Unity Party of Canada status = defunct class = fed party wikicolourid = Blank party foundation = 2000 dissolution = 2003 ideology = Canadian nationalism, pseudo fascism, social progressivism,… … Wikipedia
Unity Party — The Unity Party is the name of several political parties around the world, including: *Unity Party (Australia), a small multiculturist party in Australia *British Columbia Unity Party, a provincial level party in British Columbia, Canada *Unity… … Wikipedia
National Socialist Party — For specifically the German Nazi Party, see Nazi Party. Parties in various contexts have referred to themselves as National Socialist parties. Because there is no clear definition of national socialism, the term has been used to mean very… … Wikipedia
National Fascist Party — Partito Nazionale Fascista Historic Leader Benito Mussolini … Wikipedia
National Liberal Party (Romania) — National Liberal Party Partidul Naţional Liberal President Crin Antonescu Secretar … Wikipedia
National-Unity (candidate) — National Unity is the banner under which Robert Rae Manville stood as a candidate in Prince Albert in the 1940 federal election in Canada. The Liberal candidate in the riding was Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and Manville, a merchant … Wikipedia
National Bolshevik Party — Leader Eduard Limonov Founded 1992 … Wikipedia
National unity government — A national unity government, government of national unity, or national union government is a broad coalition government consisting of all parties (or all major parties) in the legislature, usually formed during a time of war or other national… … Wikipedia