National Renovation Party


National Renovation Party

National Renovation Party (Partido Renovación Nacional), PRN. Center-left Party of Guatemala.

The PRN was founded by a group of the young revolutionaries on the day that Ubico fell, July 1, 1944. Its founders and leaders were Carlos Leonidas Acevedo, Juan José Orozco Posadas, Oscar Benitez, and Mario Efrain Najera Farfan. PRN called a “teachers' party”, unlike the "students' party” FPL. The PRN soon developed into a personalist party composed of friends of Juan José Arévalo Bermejo. In November of 1945 it merged with the FPL to form the Revolutionary Action Party; but in less than a year the PRN was reconstituted, although with a considerable loss in membership. After some hesitation the PRN joined the Party of the Guatemalan Revolution in June 1952, but withdrew a month later. PRN was the lowest force government coalition of President Arévalo (1945-1951) and President Arbenz (1951-1954). After 1951 in the party dominated by the procommunist faction, it has caused numerous scandals and conflicts. It disbanded after the coup d'état of 1954.


Bibliography

Communism in Guatemala, 1944-1954. by Ronald M. Schneider Published in 1979, Octagon Books (New York).

Political parties of the Americas : Canada, Latin America, and the West Indies / edited by Robert J. Alexander. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1982.

Political and agrarian development in Guatemala. by Susan A. Berger Published in 1992, Westview Press (Boulder).

A case history of communist penetration: Guatemala. by United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Services. Published in 1957, (Washington).

Gleijeses, Piero, Shattered Hope: The Guatemalan Revolution and the United States, 1944-1954, Princeton, 1991.



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