- List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C.
This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in the District of Columbia, of which there are 75. The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. Washington, D.C. is home to 75 of these landmarks, which reflect the city's status as the national capital. But mixed among the grand government buildings, homes of politicians, military facilities, and museums, the list also includes sites relating to support for the disabled, the Civil Rights Movement, pioneering urban infrastructure, and other historic themes.
The table below lists all 75 of these sites, along with added detail and description.
 Landmark name Image Date designated Quadrant Description 1 Cleveland Abbe House May 15, 1975 NW Cleveland Abbe, a prominent meteorologist who became known as the father of the National Weather Service, lived in this house from 1877 to 1909. Previous occupants in the early decades of the 19th century included James Monroe and the British legation. Built ca. 1802 to 1805, this is a fine example of the Federal style of residential architecture. 2 Administration Building, Carnegie Institution of Washington June 23, 1965 NW 3 American Federation of Labor Building May 30, 1974 4 American Peace Society May 30, 1974 NW Headquarters of the American Peace Society from 1911 to 1948, in LaFayette Square Historic District 5 Anderson House June 19, 1996 NW 6 Andrew Rankin Memorial Chapel, Frederick Douglas Memorial Hall, Founders Library January 3, 2001 NW Three Howard University buildings: Andrew Rankin Memorial Chapel, Frederick Douglass Memorial Hall, and Founders Library 7 Army Medical Museum January 12, 1965 NW 8 Arts and Industries Building, Smithsonian Institution November 11, 1971 SW 9 Ashburton House November 7, 1973 NW House on Lafayette Square that was site of 10 months of U.S.-British negotiations leading to the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. This settled U.S.-Canada border disputes and ended the Aroostook War. 10 Newton D. Baker House December 8, 1976 NW 11 Blair House October 26, 1973 NW 12 Borah, William E., Apartment, Windsor Lodge December 8, 1976 NW The home of William E. Borah, a United States Senator from Idaho and a noted isolationist. 13 Blanche K. Bruce House May 15, 1975 NW A home of Blanche K. Bruce, who was an African American Senator from Mississippi. 14 Carnegie Endowment for International Peace May 30, 1974 NW 15 Mary Ann Shadd Cary House December 8, 1976 NW A home of writer and abolitionist Mary Ann Shadd Cary 15.5 Congressional Cemetery June 14, 2011 Anacostia Burial place of early city residents and many members of Congress who died in office. 16 District of Columbia City Hall December 19, 1960 NW Also known as the Old Courthouse, it was renovated and rededicated on June 17, 2009 as the District of Columbia Court of Appeals 17 Constitution Hall September 16, 1985 NW 18 Corcoran Gallery and School of Art April 27, 1992 NW 19 Elliott Coues House May 15, 1975 NW Elliott Coues, a leading 19th century ornithologist, led great expansions of the knowledge of North American bird life, helped found the American Ornithologists' Union in 1883, edited approximately 15 volumes of journals, memoirs, and diaries by famous Western explorers and fur traders. He lived in this house from 1887 until his death in 1899. 20 Decatur House December 19, 1960 NW Federal Style house designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe for naval hero Stephen Decatur across Lafayette Square from the White House. During 1827-1833 was home to successive Secretaries of State Henry Clay, Martin Van Buren, and Judah P. Benjamin. 21 Franklin School June 19, 1996 NW A nineteenth-century school, site of Alexander Graham Bell's experiments with the photophone. 22 Gallaudet College Historic District December 21, 1965 NE The world's first college for the education of the deaf and hard of hearing. 23 General Federation of Women's Clubs Headquarters December 4, 1991 NW 24 General Post Office November 11, 1971 NW This post office is a fine example of restrained Neoclassical design. Built in phases between 1839 and 1866, the building features beautiful scaling and fine details. 25 Georgetown Historic District May 28, 1967 NW 26 Samuel Gompers House May 30, 1974 NW Samuel Gompers was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 until his death in 1924. Gompers helped found the AFL, and vigorously pursued its three goals of higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions for American workers. He lived in this three-story brick rowhouse from 1902 to 1917. 27 Charlotte Forten Grimke House May 11, 1976 NW A home of Charlotte Forten Grimke, a prominent Abolitionist and educator. 28 Healy Hall, Georgetown University December 23, 1987 NW This large-scale High Victorian Gothic structure is the most prominent building on the Georgetown University campus and a picturesque landmark for all Georgetown. Built from 1877 through 1879, its construction marked the evolution of the school toward true university status. 29 General Oliver Otis Howard House May 30, 1974 NW Located on Howard University campus, a home of Union general and Howard founder Oliver O. Howard. 30 Charles Evans Hughes House November 28, 1972 NW Charles Evans Hughes was a leader in the progressive movement, and 1916 presidential candidate. He held office as Associate Justice and Chief Justice of the United States, as well as multiple executive positions under several Presidents. He lived in this house from 1930 until his death in 1948. 31 Hiram W. Johnson House December 8, 1976 NE 32 Lafayette Building September 1, 2005 NW Home of Reconstruction Finance Corporation which helped finance the buildup for World War II. 33 Lafayette Square Historic District August 29, 1970 NW  District including LaFayette Park, near the White House. 34 Library of Congress December 21, 1965 SE 35 Andrew Mellon Building May 11, 1976 NW A residence of Andrew W. Mellon. 36 Memorial Continental Hall November 28, 1972 NW 37 Meridian Hill Park April 19, 1994 NW 38 National Training School for Women and Girls July 17, 1991 NE 39 National War College November 28, 1972 SW  40 Octagon House December 19, 1960 NW Plantation owner's home lent to President Madison after the Burning of Washington in 1814. 41 Old Naval Observatory January 12, 1965 NW The original US Naval Observatory, current home of the Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; closed to the public. 42 Old Patent Office January 12, 1965 NW Current home of the National Portrait Gallery and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. 43 Pension Building February 4, 1985 NW 44 Frances Perkins House July 17, 1992 NW A home of Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor and the first woman to serve in the United States Cabinet. 45 Philadelphia (gundelo) January 20, 1961 NW Philadelphia, the only remaining American gunboat from the Revolutionary War, sank in a battle on Lake Champlain in 1776. It was salvaged in remarkably good condition in 1935 and now resides at the National Museum of American History. 46 Red Cross (American National) Headquarters June 23, 1965 NW 47 Renwick Gallery November 11, 1971 NW 48 Zalmon Richards House December 21, 1965 NW A home of National Education Association founder Zalmon Richards. 49 St. Elizabeth's Hospital December 14, 1990 SE 50 St. John's Church December 19, 1960 NW 51 St. Luke's Episcopal Church May 11, 1976 NW The first African-American Episcopal church in Washington, DC. 52 Sequoia (presidential yacht) December 23, 1987 SE The former Presidential yacht, moored at the Washington Marina 53 Sewall-Belmont House May 30, 1974 NE Headquarters of the National Women's Party and home to a museum of the Suffrage movement. 54 Smithsonian Institution Building January 12, 1965 SW 55 John Philip Sousa Junior High School August 7, 2001 SE In 1950, eleven black students were denied admission to the newly constructed all-white Sousa school. This action was eventually overturned in the landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision in Bolling v. Sharpe, which made segregated public schools illegal in the District of Columbia. This defeat of the principle of "separate but equal" was a significant landmark in the modern Civil Rights Movement. 56 State, War, and Navy Building November 11, 1971 NW 57 Supreme Court Building May 4, 1987 NE 58 Mary Church Terrell House May 15, 1975 NW A home of Mary Church Terrell, abolitionist and first African-American woman to serve on a school board. 59 Tudor Place December 19, 1960 NW A home, designed by Capitol designer Dr. William Thornton, and containing a collection of artifacts of George Washington and Martha Washington. 60 Twelfth Street YMCA Building October 12, 1994 NW NHRP 83003523. The earliest "Y" built by and expressly for African Americans. 61 Oscar W. Underwood House December 19, 1960 NW A home of Oscar W. Underwood, United States Senator from Alabama. 62 United Mine Workers of America Building April 5, 2005 NW 63 United States Capitol December 19, 1960 NW, NE, SE, SW  64 United States Department of the Treasury November 11, 1971 NW 65 United States Marine Corps Barracks and Commandant's House May 11, 1976 SE 66 United States Soldier's Home November 7, 1973 NW 67 Volta Bureau November 28, 1972 NW Founded in 1887 by Alexander Graham Bell "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge relating to the Deaf"; merged with the American Association for the Promotion and Teaching of Speech to the Deaf in 1908, and operates today as the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. 68 Washington Aqueduct November 7, 1973 NW
(and Montgomery County, Maryland)
69 Washington Navy Yard May 11, 1976 SE 70 White House December 19, 1960 NW Residence of the President of the United States 71 David White House January 7, 1976 NW Geologist David White of the United States Geological Survey lived in this house from 1910 to 1925. His researches into the distribution of petroleum resources became essential to the oil industry. 72 Woodrow Wilson House July 19, 1964 NW A home of Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States. 73 Carter G. Woodson House
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site
May 11, 1976 NW A home of Carter G. Woodson, the "Father of Black History". 74 Robert Simpson Woodward House January 7, 1976 NW From 1904 to 1914, this was the home of Robert Simpson Woodward, the first President of the Carnegie Institution during the same period. Woodward had made his name as a leading geologist and mathematician.
Historic areas administered by the National Park Service
National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are fifteen of these in the District of Columbia. The National Park Service lists these 15 together with the NHLs in the state, The Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site and the White House are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 13 are:
Landmark name Image Date established Quadrant Description 1 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial May 2, 1977 NW 2 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park (shared with Maryland and Virginia) 3 Ford's Theatre National Historic Site 4 Frederick Douglass National Historic Site 5 Korean War Veterans Memorial 6 Lincoln Memorial 7 Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac 8 Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site 9 Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site 10 Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial 11 Thomas Jefferson Memorial 12 Vietnam Veterans Memorial 13 Washington Monument
There are no NHL places that were de-designated within Washington, D.C. There have been NHL ships that were located here and were moved away.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington, D.C.
- List of U.S. National Historic Landmarks by state
- Historic preservation
- National Register of Historic Places
- History of Washington, D.C.
- ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". http://www.nps.gov/nhl/QA.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- ^ a b National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/designations/Lists/LIST11.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
- ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- ^ National Park Service. "National Register Information System". Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20070611162312/http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/research/nris.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm. Retrieved on various dates.
- ^ a b c d National Park Service (1989). Washington DC: A Traveler's Guide to the District of Columbia and Nearby Attractions. Washington, D.C.: Division of Publications, National Park Service. ISBN 0-912627-36-0.
- ^ National War College. "Contact Information". NDU Internet. National Defense University. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. http://web.archive.org/web/20070701140244/http://www.ndu.edu/nwc/contactinfo/. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
- ^ These are listed on p.111 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
- ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
- National Historic Landmark Program at the National Park Service
- Lists of National Historic Landmarks
- Washington, DC, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
National Historic Landmarks by state StateAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts (Boston) • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York (New York City) • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Federal districtDistrict of Columbia Other District of Columbia Topics Government U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other
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