First National Government 1931


First National Government 1931

See also First National Ministry

Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1924, 1929–1931 & 1931–1935.

The United Kingdom's National Government was composed of members of the following parties:

The First National Ministry existed from 24 August 1931 until the reconstruction of the government, following the general election in October 1931. From 5 November 1931 until the resignation of the Prime Minister on 7 June 1935 the Second National Ministry was in office. Stanley Baldwin then formed the Third National Ministry.

List of Ministers

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Party Dates Notes
Prime Minister,
First Lord of the Treasury
and Leader of the House of Commons
Ramsay Macdonald National Labour 24 August 1931  
Lord Chancellor The Lord Sankey National Labour 25 August 1931
Lord President of the Council Stanley Baldwin Conservative 25 August 1931  
Lord Privy Seal The Earl Peel Conservative 3 September 1931  
Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Snowden National Labour 25 August 1931  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Sir Bolton Eyres-Monsell Conservative 3 September 1931  
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Walter Elliot Conservative 3 September 1931  
Lords of the Treasury David Margesson Conservative 26 August 1931 – 10 November 1931  
Sir Frederick Penny Conservative 3 September 1931 – 12 November 1931
Alec Ewart Glassey Liberal 14 September 1931 – 12 November 1931
Marquess of Titchfield Conservative 3 September 1931 – 12 November 1931
Euan Wallace Conservative 3 September 1931 – 12 November 1931
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
and Leader of the House of Lords
The Marquess of Reading Liberal 25 August 1931
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Anthony Eden Conservative 3 September 1931  
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir Herbert Samuel Liberal 25 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Oliver Stanley Conservative 3 September 1931  
First Lord of the Admiralty Sir Austen Chamberlain Conservative 25 August 1931  
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty The Earl Stanhope Conservative 3 September 1931  
Civil Lord of the Admiralty Euan Wallace Conservative 10 November 1931  
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Sir John Gilmour, Bt Conservative 25 August 1931
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Vacant      
Secretary of State for Air The Lord Amulree National Labour 25 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for Air Sir Philip Sassoon, Bt Conservative 3 September 1931  
Secretary of State for the Colonies James Henry Thomas National Labour 25 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies Sir Robert William Hamilton Liberal 3 September 1931  
Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs James Henry Thomas National Labour 25 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs Malcolm MacDonald National Labour 3 September 1931  
President of the Board of Education Sir Donald Maclean Liberal 25 August 1931
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education Sir Kingsley Wood Conservative 3 September 1931  
Minister of Health Neville Chamberlain Conservative 25 August 1931  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health Ernest Simon Liberal 22 September 1931  
Secretary of State for India Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt Conservative 25 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for India Vacant      
Minister of Labour Sir Henry Betterton Conservative 25 August 1931
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour Milner Gray Liberal 3 September 1931  
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Marquess of Lothian Liberal 25 August 1931  
Paymaster General Sir John Tudor Walters Liberal 4 September 1931  
Minister for Pensions George Tryon Conservative 3 September 1931  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions Vacant      
Postmaster-General Hon. William Ormsby-Gore Conservative 3 September 1931  
Assistant Postmaster-General Graham White Liberal 3 September 1931  
Secretary of State for Scotland Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt Liberal 25 August 1931
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland Noel Skelton Conservative 3 September 1931  
President of the Board of Trade Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister Conservative 25 August 1931  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade Gwilym Lloyd George Liberal 3 September 1931  
Secretary for Overseas Trade Sir Hilton Young Conservative 3 September 1931  
Secretary for Mines Isaac Foot Liberal 3 September 1931  
Minister of Transport James Pybus Liberal National 3 September 1931  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport George Gillett National Labour 4 September 1931
Secretary of State for War The Marquess of Crewe Liberal 26 August 1931  
Under-Secretary of State for War Vacant      
Financial Secretary to the War Office Duff Cooper Conservative 3 September 1931  
First Commissioner of Works The Marquess of Londonderry Conservative 25 August 1931  
Attorney General Sir William Jowitt National Labour 3 September 1931  
Solicitor General Sir Thomas Inskip Conservative 3 September 1931  
Lord Advocate Craigie Aitchison National Labour 3 September 1931  
Solicitor General for Scotland John Charles Watson National Labour 4 September 1931  
Treasurer of the Household Sir George Hennessy, Bt Conservative 3 September 1931  
Comptroller of the Household Goronwy Owen Liberal 14 September 1931  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Sir Frederick Thomson Conservative 3 September 1931  
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms Vacant      
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard Vacant      
Lords-in-Waiting Vacant      

See also

  • UK National Government

References

  • Bassett, Reginald: 1931 Political Crisis, 2nd ed., Aldershot: Macmillan 1986. ISBN 0-566-05138-9
  • Butler, David and Butler, Gareth: Twentieth Century British Political Facts, 1900-2000, 8th ed., Basingstoke: Macmillan 2000. ISBN 0-333-77221-0
  • Howell, David: MacDonald's Party. Labour Identities and Crisis, 1922-1931, Oxford: OUP 2002. ISBN 0-19-820304-7
  • Pearce, Malcom and Stewart, Geoffrey: British Political History 1867-2001. Democracy and Decline, 3rd ed., London: Routledge 2002. ISBN 978-0-415-26870-7
  • Pugh, Martin: State and Society. A Social and Political History of Britain 1870-1997, 2nd ed., London: Arnold/Hodder 1999. ISBN 978-0-340-71919-0
  • Smart, Nick: The National Government. 1931-40, Basingstoke: Macmillan 1999. ISBN 0-333-69131-8
  • Thorpe, Andrew: Britain in the 1930s. The Deceptive Decade, Oxford: Blackwell 1992. ISBN 0-631-17411-7
  • Williamson, Philip : National Crisis and National Government. British Politics, the Economy and the Empire, 1926-1932, Cambridge: CUP 1992. ISBN 0-521-36137-0
Preceded by
Labour Government 1929–1931
Government of the United Kingdom
1931
Succeeded by
Second National Government 1931–1935

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