- National Flag Anthem
中華民國國旗歌 English: National Flag Anthem Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē
The Sheet of National Flag Anthem
National anthem of
Republic of China (Rising and lowering the Flag)
Chinese Taipei (Sport games)
Lyrics Tai Chi-tao (pinyin: Dài Jìtáo), 1937 Music Huang Tzu (pinyin: Huáng Zì), 1936 Adopted 1937
The "National Flag Anthem" (official Republic of China name, also known as the National Banner Song unofficially) (Chinese: 國旗歌; pinyin: gúoqí gē) of the Republic of China is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China. This song is also played at international sporting events such as the Olympic Games, where the ROC team plays as "Chinese Taipei."
After the Kuomintang Anthem became the de facto National Anthem of the Republic of China in 1930, the Ministry of Education had invited submissions for a new official national anthem. The music composed by Huang Tzu was eventually chosen in 1936, but the Nationalist Government refused to adopt it as the national anthem. As a compromise, the National Anthem remained unchanged, while Huang Tzu's music was adopted as the National Flag Anthem, with lyrics written in Classical Chinese by Tai Chi-tao, who had also contributed to the lyrics of the National Anthem.
Since 1983, the song was used at Olympic competitions instead of the National Anthem due to pressure from the Chinese Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee. This also changed the symbols used by Taiwan during the Olympics and their name officially changed to "Chinese Taipei." During the 2004 Summer Olympics, Chinese Taipei won its first gold medals, and the Banner Song was played at the ceremonial raising of the flag of the gold medal team. When introduced, the song is officially called the "National Anthem of Chinese Taipei." However, in the 16th Asian Games held in Guangzhou, the song was introduced as the "Anthem of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" (中華臺北奧會會歌).
Classical Chinese Hanyu Pinyin
- shānchuānzhuànglì, wùchǎn fēnglóng; yán huáng shìzhòu, dōngyà chēng xióng.
- wú zìbàozìqì, wú gùbùzìfēng, guāng wǒ mínzú, cùjìn dàtóng.
- chuàngyèwéijiān, miǎnhuái zhū xiānliè; shǒuchéng bùyì, mò túwù jìngōng.
- tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng.
- tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng!
- Lo! The glorious land with bountiful goods!
- Daughters and sons of Emperors Yan and Huang, heroes of East Asia!
- Do not dismiss yourselves! Do not hold yourselves back,
- Further glorify our nation and work towards peace.
- Building the nation is difficult, so remember our founders,
- Maintaining it is not easy, so do not be short-sighted.
- With one heart, one soul, keep pressing to the goal,
- Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth! (repeat last two lines)
- ^ Ming Pao Monthly, No.289, P.87
- ^ "國旗歌歌詞遭篡改 蒙蔽26年?" (in Chinese). 2009-01-05. http://news.sina.com.tw/article/20090105/1249113.html. Retrieved 2009-01-08. [dead link]
- ^ "NOC Biography - Chinese Taipei". The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 2008-08-25. http://results.beijing2008.cn/WRM/ENG/BIO/NOC/TPE.shtml. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- ^ "Chinese Taipei wins Soft tennis 2010". Youku. 2010-11-15. http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjIyNzk1NDIw.html. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- ^ "臺北市公私立各級學校升降旗典禮實施要點" (in Chinese). 1981-02-16. http://220.127.116.11/taipei/lawsystem/lawshowall01.jsp?LawID=P05G2006-19810216&RealID=05-07-2006. Retrieved 2009-01-08. [dead link]
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