Nasal palatal approximant

Nasal palatal approximant
Nasal palatal approximant

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The nasal palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ȷ̃⟩, that is, a j with a tilde. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is j~, and in the Americanist phonetic notation it is ⟨ỹ⟩.

In linguistics, the nasal palatal approximant is sometimes called a nasal yod. [ȷ̃] and [w̃] may be called nasal glides. In some languages like Portuguese, they form a second element of nasal diphthongs.



Features of the nasal palatal approximant:


[ȷ̃], written ny, is a common realization of /j/ before nasal vowels in many languages of West Africa which do not have phonemic nasal consonants, such as Ewe and Bini.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Hindi[1] [example needed]

Allophone of /ɲ/ before [j]

Polish[2] koń [kɔȷ̃] 'horse'

Allophone of /ɲ/ in coda position or before fricatives. See Polish phonology

Portuguese Brazilian[3] sonho [ˈsõȷ̃ʊ] 'dream' Nasalizes the preceding vowel; See Portuguese phonology
Standard [4] es [kɐ̃ȷ̃s] 'dogs' Second part of a nasal diphthong, in both Brazil and Portugal; See Portuguese phonology

See also



  • Canepari, Luciano (2005), "Hindi", A Handbook of Pronunciation, Lincom Europa, pp. 335 
  • Gussman, Edmund (2007), The Phonology of Polish, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-926747-7 
  • Perini, Mário Alberto (2002), Modern Portuguese (A Reference Grammar), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 9780300091557 
  • Vigário, Marina (2003), The Prosodic Word in European Portuguese, De Gruyter Mouton, ISBN 978-3-11-017713-8 

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