Narva Reservoir


Narva Reservoir
Narva Reservoir
Coordinates 59°18′N 28°10′E / 59.3°N 28.167°E / 59.3; 28.167Coordinates: 59°18′N 28°10′E / 59.3°N 28.167°E / 59.3; 28.167
Lake type reservoir
Primary inflows Narva River, Plyussa River
Primary outflows Narva River
Catchment area 55,848 km²
Basin countries Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus
Surface area 191 km²
Average depth 1.8 m[1]

Narva Reservoir (Estonian: Narva veehoidla, Russian: На́рвское водохрани́лище) is a reservoir by Narva River, shared by Russia and Estonia.

The reservoir was constructed during 1955-1956, during the Soviet times. It provides water to Narva Hydroelectric Station (installed capacity 125 MW, located on the Russian side and owned by the power company TGC-1) and cooling water to the Estonian Narva Power Plants. Its surface area at normal headwater level of 25 metres (82 ft) is 191 square kilometres (74 sq mi), of which 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) belongs to Estonia. Its drainage basin is 55,848 square kilometres (21,563 sq mi).[2]

The overall water exchange rate is high (about 30 times year), with some almost stagnant areas. The ecological status is estimated as "good" (as of 2007).[2]

References

  1. ^ "Assessment of the chemical and ecological state of the Narva reservoir". http://www.envir.ee/viru.peipsi/file/NarvaReservoir_assessment.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  2. ^ a b Our Waters: Joining Hands Across Borders : First Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters, by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Rainer Enderlein, Published by United Nations Publications, 2007, ISBN 9211169720, p. 237

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