- AIM-152 AAAM
The AIM-152 AAAM is an
air-to-air missiledeveloped by the United States of America.
The AIM-152 originated in a
U.S. Navyrequirement for an advanced air-to-air missileto replace the AIM-54 Phoenix. By the mid 1980s the Phoenix was becoming rather long in the tooth, and the Navy wanted a long range missile to counter the Soviet Tu-22M Backfire and Tu-160 Blackjack long-range supersonic bombers. The goal was to produce a weapon which was smaller and lighter than the Phoenix, with equal or better range at a flight speed of Mach3 or more.
Some of the systems considered for the missile had already been evaluated by the China Lake Naval Weapons Center in the early 1980s as part of the Advanced Common Intercept Missile Demonstration (ACIMD) program. ACIMD missiles had been built but none had flown by the time the project was cancelled. In 1987, Hughes/
Raytheonand General Dynamics/Westinghouse were selected to produce competing designs for the AIM-152.
The Hughes/Raytheon design was largely based on the ACIMD missile, with a hybrid
ramjet/ solid rocketengine which offered high speeds. The missile would use an inertial guidancesystem with terminal guidance provided by active radar- a mode of flight that would later be employed in the AIM-120 AMRAAM. An infrared terminal homingseeker was also planned, which would allow the missile to engage without any emissions which would alert the target.
The GD/Westinghouse design was even smaller, with a multiple-pulse pure
solid rocketmotor. It also had an inertial guidancesystem, but midcourse updating was provided via a dual-band semi-active radar. Terminal guidance was via an electro-optical sensor, with a backup infrared seeker also included. One flaw of semi-active radar homing is that the launch aircraft must illuminate the target with its radar during flight, meaning that it must fly towards the enemy and so expose itself to greater danger. GD/Westinghouse planned to avoid this by equipping the launching aircraft with a radar pod which could illuminate the target from both forward and aft, allowing it to turn and escape whilst still providing a target for the missile.
With the fall of the
Soviet Unionthe threat from Russian bombers effectively ended, and since no other nation could match the previous threat the AAAM was left without an enemy to defend against. The project was cancelled in 1992, shortly after the YAIM-152A designation had been given to the two prototypes.
With the phasing out of the Phoenix missile the US Navy lost its long range AAM capability, relying instead on the medium range AIM-120 AMRAAM. Longer range versions of the AMRAAM are in development to restore some of this capability.
(Note that the YAIM-152A missiles were never built, and as a result any specifications are somewhat speculative.)
*"Length" : 3.66 m (12 ft)
*"Diameter" : 231 mm (9 in)
*"Weight" : Less than 300 kg (660 lb)
*"Speed" : Mach 3+
*"Range" : 185 km+ (115 miles)
*"Propulsion" : Rocket/ramjet engine
*"Warhead" : 14 to 23 kg (30 to 50 lb)
*"Length" : 3.66 m (12 ft)
*"Diameter" : 140 mm (5.5 in)
*"Weight" : 172 kg (380 lb)
*"Speed" : Mach 3+
*"Range" : > 185 km (100 nm)
*"Propulsion" : Multiple-pulse
*"Warhead" : 14 to 23 kg (30 to 50 lb) blast-fragmentation
* [http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-152.html AIM-152 AAAM - Designation Systems]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
AIM-152 AAAM — Oben der Entwurf von Hughes/Raytheon/McDonnell Douglas, unten von GD/Westinghouse … Deutsch Wikipedia
AIM-54 Phoenix — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Феникс (значения). AIM 54 Phoenix AAM N 11 … Википедия
AIM-120 — AMRAAM AIM 120C 5 AMRAAM Mission Missile air air à moyenne portée … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-9 — Sidewinder AIM 9X Sidewinder Fonction Missile air air à courte portée Constructeur Raytheon … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-9 Sidewinder — AIM 9X Sidewinder Présentation Fonction Missile air air à courte portée Constructeur Raytheon Corporation, Ford Aerospace, Loral Corp. Coût à l unité … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-120 AMRAAM — AIM 120C 5 AMRAAM Présentation Fonction Missile air air à moyenne portée Constructeur Hughes/Raytheon … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-26 Falcon — Présentation Fonction Missile air air Constructeur Hughes Aircraft Déploiement 1961 … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-4 Falcon — AIM 4D Falcon Une paire de missiles AIM 4D Falcon dans la soute à bombes d un chasseur F 102 Delta Dagger Présentation Fonction Missile air air Constructeur … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-7 — Sparrow Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sparrow (homonymie). AIM 7 Sparrow … Wikipédia en Français
AIM-7 Sparow — AIM 7 Sparrow Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sparrow (homonymie). AIM 7 Sparrow … Wikipédia en Français