- Junior commissioned officer
Junior commissioned officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army, Pakistan Army, Bangladesh Army and Nepal Army. Those soldiers holding JCO rank receive a commission from the President,
During British rule, these officers were known as viceroy's commissioned officers (VCOs) except in Nepal, which was never a British colony. Under the British, there was a clear colonial context, the VCOs being the highest rank that most Indians could achieve while most full commissioned officers were British – a distinction which disappeared with Indian independence.
Senior non-commissioned officers are promoted to JCO rank on the basis of merit and seniority, restricted by the number of vacancies. Junior commissioned officers are treated as a separate class, and hold many additional privileges. In the army, they have a separate mess (the JCOs' mess) / (the CPOs mess) / (the WOs mess), get family quarters, and are authorized to travel in first class on the railways. With good pay and privileges, it is an ambition of most enlisted men to attain such rank.
JCOs often serve as platoon leaders in an infantry company, with a major as company commander and a captain as second-in-command.
Due to their long years of service, officers accord JCOs great respect and influence, especially in cases involving the enlisted ranks, their welfare and morale. Another custom religiously followed is that a JCO is never addressed using just his name or rank. The word saheb (master) is added as a suffix (e.g.: subedar saheb or <<Name>> saheb). It is said that even the president of India / president of Pakistan has to follow this tradition. Status of JCO in comparison to civil officer is not justified. They can not be departmentally promoted to the rank of officers.
- Master chief petty officer Class 1 / master chief petty officer
- Master chief petty officer Class 2 / fleet chief petty officer
- Chief petty officer
- Master warrant officer / chief warrant officer
- Warrant officer
- Junior warrant officer / assistant warrant officer
While the army JCOs receive a commission from the president, naval chief petty officer ranks and the air force warrant officer ranks receive a president warrant on promotion to the rank of chief petty officer and junior warrant officer respectively. This is a certificate issued by the Commodore Bureau of Sailors or air marshal / AVM on behalf of the president of India / Pakistan to authenticate the promotion of a sailor to the chief rank, an air warrior to warrant rank as the CPO, MCPO II / FCPO, MCPO I / MCPO, JWO / AWO, WO, MWO / CWO ranks are classed as junior commissioned ranks. The warrant is made on pre-printed stationery written by hand.
Army JCOs, navy chief petty officers and air force warrant ranks (JWO to MWO) are group B officers with class II gazetted status. Army JCOs, navy chief petty officers and air force warrant officers & MWOs are authorised salutes (including rifle salutes if given by an armed soldier, sailor or air warrior) while Indian navy chief petty officers are not authorised any form of salute.
NOTE: "chief petty officer" means a person commissioned, gazetted or in pay as junior commissioned officer in Pakistan Navy.
There is also a custom of giving honorary commissions to deserving junior commissioned officers. Every year a list of eligible JCOs is drawn up and honorary commissions awarded to them. This could be at the time of retirement, or when still in service.
Honorary commissioned officers may wear the appropriate rank insignia, but they do not become members of the officers' mess. They do, however, receive the pay and pension of their honorary rank. The honorary ranks in the various forces are:
- Honorary lieutenant
- Honorary captain
- Honorary sub lieutenant
- Honorary lieutenant
Indian Air Force:
Generally, in official documents the junior commissioned officer rank held by the officer is also added before the honorary commission rank. For example, subedar / hony. lt. or subedar major / hony. capt.
- Manual of Naval Law page 181
- Pakistan Navy Rule part 1 page IV
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Junior Commissioned Officer — (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army which correspond to warrant officers in other commonwealth armies. Those soldiers holding JCO rank receive a commission from the President, but this… … Wikipedia
Non-commissioned officer — A non commissioned officer (sometimes spelled noncommissioned officer, abbreviated to NCO or non com (US)), called a sub officer in some countries, is a military officer who has not been given a commission. Non commissioned officers… … Wikipedia
Viceroy's Commissioned Officer — A Viceroy s Commissioned Officer (VCO) was a senior Indian member of the British Indian Army. VCOs held appointments approximately equivalent to Warrant Officers in the British Army, but held a commission issued by the Viceroy. Also known as… … Wikipedia
Officer cadet — is a rank held by military and merchant navy cadets during their training to become commissioned officers and merchant navy officers, respectively. The term officer trainee is used interchangeably in some countries. Some countries refer to naval… … Wikipedia
Officer Cadet — is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. The term Officer Trainee is used interchangeably in some countries. Some countries refer to naval officer cadets as midshipmen, although in other countries… … Wikipedia
Officer Candidate School (U.S. Army) — Officer Candidate School The original Officer Candidate School logo. Known today as the OCS roadwheel and still in wide use throughout the OCS. Active 1941 19/20 Dec 1949, 1951 present … Wikipedia
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps — A Navy JROTC cadet salutes during the parading of the colors ceremony held at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (JROTC) is a Federal program sponsored by the United States Armed Forces in high schools across the… … Wikipedia
Officer Candidate — USN Officer Candidate insignia Officer Candidate is a rank in some militaries of the world that is an appointed position while a person is in training to become an officer. More often than not, an Officer Candidate was a civilian who applied to… … Wikipedia
Officer Candidate School (U.S. Navy) — The United States Navy s Officer Candidate School, currently located at Naval Station Newport, Rhode Island, provides training to become a commissioned officer. Attendance is one possible way for civilian college graduates (bachelor s degree or… … Wikipedia
officer — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. policeman; functionary, official, bureaucrat; president, vice president, secretary, treasurer; registrar; mayor, governor. See director, authority. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [An executive] Syn. manager,… … English dictionary for students