Isthmus–Mecayapan Nahuatl

Isthmus–Mecayapan Nahuatl
Isthmus–Mecayapan Nahuatl
Spoken in Mexico
Region Mecayapan and Tatahuicapan, Veracruz
Native speakers ~20,000  (date missing)
Language family
  • Aztecan
    • General Aztec
      • Nahuatl
        • Isthmus–Mecayapan Nahuatl
Writing system Latin alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nhx

Isthmus–Mecayapan Nahuatl or Isthmus Nahuat(l) (native name: mela'tájtol) is a modern variety of Nahuatl spoken by about 20,000 people in Mecayapan and Tatahuicapan, Veracruz, Mexico.




Front back
Close i iː o oː
Mid e eː
Open a aː


Labial Dental Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k ɡ ʔ
Affricate ts (dz*) (dʒ)
Fricative s z ʃ (ʒ*) h
Approximant l j w
Rhotic r
  • Occur only as allophones.

Writing system

A a B b C c Ch ch D d E e F f G g H h I i J j K k L l
/a/ /b/ /k/ /tʃ/ /d/ /e/ /ɡ/ /i j/ /h/ /k/ /l/
M m N n O o P p Q q R r S s T t U u V v X x Y y Z z '
/m/ /n/ /o/ /p/ /k/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /w/ /ʃ/ /j/ /ʔ/

H is used at the beginnings of words before u, and has no value of its own. C is used to represent /k/ before the vowels a and o, while qu is used before i and e.

An underline (a, e, i, o) is used to mark long vowels.

Stress on the second-last syllable of a word that does not end in l or r, and stress on the last syllable of a word that does end in l or r, is unmarked. All other stress patterns are marked with an acute accent on the stressed vowel (á, é, í, ó).

The letters f, k, v and z occur only in loanwords.


This variety of Nahuatl has developed a distinction between inclusive and exclusive "we", which Classical Nahuatl and other modern forms of Nahuatl lack. The exclusive form is regularly derived from the first person singular ("I"), while the inclusive continues the suppletive first person plural of Classical Nahuatl.

Classical Isthmus-Mecayapan
1st person singular niquīsa "I leave" niquisa "I leave" 1st person singular
niquisaj "We (not you) leave" 1st person plural exclusive
1st person plural tiquīsaj "We leave" tiquisaj "We (including you) leave" 1st person plural inclusive


External links

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