- NCAA Division I FBS independent schools
FBS Independents 2011 season NCAA Division I FBS Schools 4 Sports fielded 1 (men's: 1; women's: 0) Region Eastern United States
Midwest United States
NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision independent schools are four-year institutions whose football programs are not part of an NCAA-affiliated conference. This means that FBS independents are not required to schedule each other for competition like conference schools do. There are many fewer independent schools than in years past; many independent schools join, or attempt to join, established conferences, usually in order to gain a share of television revenue and access to bowl games that agree to take teams from certain conferences, and in order to help deal with otherwise potentially difficult challenges in scheduling opponents to play throughout the season.
All Division I FBS independents are eligible for a Bowl Championship Series bowl provided they meet eligibility requirements. Notre Dame receives an automatic bid by finishing in the top eight of the final BCS ranking. Notre Dame also has other bowl agreements as part of its affiliation with the Big East Conference, and Navy and Army have agreements with the Military Bowl (formerly the EagleBank Bowl).
The ranks of football independents increased by one starting with the 2011 season with the announcement that BYU would leave the Mountain West Conference to become a football independent starting with that season. BYU has an agreement with the Armed Forces Bowl for 2011.
Reasons for independence
In recent years, most independent FBS schools have joined a conference for two primary reasons: A guaranteed share of television and bowl revenues, and ease of scheduling. The four remaining independent FBS schools have unique circumstances that circumvent their need for conference affiliation.
Notre Dame is one of the most prominent programs in the country. Due to its national popularity built over many years, Notre Dame is the only individual school to have its own national television contract, and is the only independent program to be part of the Bowl Championship Series coalition and its guaranteed payout. These factors help make Notre Dame one of the most financially valuable football program in the country, thus negating the need for Notre Dame to secure revenue by joining a conference.
Notre Dame easily fills its annual schedule without needing conference games to do so. It has longstanding rivalries with many different programs around the country, including annual rivalry games with USC, Michigan, Michigan State, Navy, and Purdue. All Notre Dame home games and most away games are on national television, so other teams have a large financial incentive to schedule the university. If Notre Dame were to join a conference, it would likely have to eliminate or reduce the frequency of several rivalries.
Two of the remaining independent programs are two of the service academies, Army and Navy. Whereas television and bowl appearances are important sources of revenue and advertising for most other universities and their football games, the United States federal government fully funds the service academies, effectively rendering such income superfluous.
Both service academies have annual games guaranteed with each other and with Air Force. Navy has an annual rivalry game with Notre Dame and Army has a semi-regular rivalry with Notre Dame. Television rights for the longstanding Army–Navy Game, which is the last regular season game in the NCAA, serve as a significant revenue source for the programs. The academies also use their football programs to recruit for their services; without a conference schedule, the service academies are able to more easily schedule games around the country.
During the conference realignment that saw the university choose football independence in August 2010, some saw it as a potential future "Notre Dame of the West". Both are prominent faith-based schools; Notre Dame is arguably the best-known Catholic university in the U.S., while BYU is the flagship university of the LDS Church. The 1984 team's national championship is the most recent by a university that is not a current member of the BCS coalition. BYU was getting less than $2 million a year through its contract with The MTN, the TV network of the Mountain West Conference. BYU has its own cable channel, but they had a very restrictive contract which did not allow BYU to broadcast its own football games. The new contract with ESPN will pay BYU about the same amount each game that they were getting each season with The MTN and allow for greater freedom with their own channel.
- United States Military Academy, or Army Black Knights (left Conference USA after the 2004 season; member of Patriot League for all other sports sponsored by that league)
- United States Naval Academy, or Navy Midshipmen (member of Patriot League for all other sports sponsored by that league)
- University of Notre Dame Fighting Irish (member of Big East Conference for all other sports sponsored by that league)
- Brigham Young University Cougars (member of West Coast Conference for all other sports sponsored by that league, except men's soccer)
Institution Football Stadium Capacity Army Michie Stadium 40,000 BYU LaVell Edwards Stadium 66,923 Navy Navy – Marine Corps Memorial Stadium 34,000 Notre Dame Notre Dame Stadium 80,975
University Ranking by Annual Research Dollars
- University of Notre Dame $97.1 million
- Brigham Young University - Provo - $25.6 million
- Army - US Military Academy - $10.1 million
- Navy - US Naval Academy - $8.8 million
The following is a complete list of teams which have been Division I-A (FBS) Independents since the formation of Division I-A in 1978.
Years Team Previous Conference Conference Joined Current Conference 1978–1979 Air Force Division I Independent Western Athletic Conference (1980-1998) Mountain West Conference (1999–present) 1987–1991 Akron Ohio Valley Conference Mid-American Conference (1992–present) 1996–1998 Alabama-Birmingham Division I-AA Independent Conference USA (1999–present) 1992 Arkansas State Division I-AA Independent Big West Conference (1993–1995) 1996–1998 Big West Conference (1993–1995) Big West Conference (1999–2000) Sun Belt Conference (2001–present) 1978–1997 Army Division I Independent Conference USA (1998–2004) 2005–present Conference USA (1998–2004) 1978–1990 Boston College Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–2004) Atlantic Coast Conference (2005–present) 2011–present BYU Mountain West Conference (1999–2010) 1992 Cal State Fullerton Big West Conference Dropped football 1996–2001 Central Florida Division I-AA Independent Mid-American Conference (2002–2004) Conference USA (2005–present) 1978–1995 Cincinnati Division I Independent Conference USA (1996–2004) Big East Conference (2005–present) 1978–1981 Colgate Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1982–1985) Patriot League (1986–present) 2000–2003 Connecticut Atlantic 10 Conference[N 1] Big East Conference (2004–present)[N 2] 1978–1996 East Carolina Division I Independent Conference USA (1997–present) 1978–1991 Florida State Division I Independent Atlantic Coast Conference (1992–present) 1978 Georgia Tech Division I Independent Atlantic Coast Conference (1979–present) 1978 Hawaiʻi Division I Independent Western Athletic Conference (1979–present) 1978–1981 Holy Cross Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1982–1985) Patriot League (1986–present) 1978–1980 Illinois State Division I Independent Missouri Valley Conference (1981–1984) Missouri Valley Football Conference (1985–present)[N 3] 1978–1981 Indiana State Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1982–1985) Missouri Valley Football Conference (1986–present)[N 3] 1991 Long Beach State Big West Conference Dropped football 1989–1992 Louisiana Tech Division I-AA Independent Big West Conference (1993–1995) 1996–2000 Big West Conference (1993–1995) Western Athletic Conference (2001–present) 1982–1992 Louisiana-Lafayette Southland Conference Big West Conference (1993–1995) 1996–2000 Big West Conference (1993–1995) Sun Belt Conference (2001–present) 1996–2000 Louisiana-Monroe Southland Conference Sun Belt Conference (2001–present) 1978–1995 Louisville Division I Independent Conference USA (1996–2004) Big East Conference (2005–present) 1978–1995 Memphis Division I Independent Conference USA (1996–present) 1978–1990 Miami (FL) Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–2003) Atlantic Coast Conference (2004–present) 1999–2000 Middle Tennessee Ohio Valley Conference Sun Belt Conference (2001–present) 1978–present Navy Division I Independent 1978–1982 North Texas Division I Independent Southland Conference (1983–1994) 1995 Southland Conference (1983–1994) Big West Conference (1996–2000) Sun Belt Conference (2001–present) 1987–1992 Northern Illinois Mid-American Conference Big West Conference (1993–1995) 1996 Big West Conference (1993–1995) Mid-American Conference (1997–present) 1978–present Notre Dame Division I Independent 1978–1992 Penn State Division I Independent Big Ten Conference (1993–present) 1978–1990 Pittsburgh Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–present) 1978–1981 Richmond Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1982–1983) Colonial Athletic Association (1984–present)[N 4] 1978–1990 Rutgers Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–present) 1978–1991 South Carolina Division I Independent Southeastern Conference (1992–present) 2001–2002 South Florida Division I-AA Independent Conference USA (2003–2004) Big East Conference (2005–present) 1978–1995 Southern Mississippi Division I Independent Conference USA (1996–present) 1978–1990 Syracuse Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–present) 1978–1990 Temple Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–2004) 2005–2006 Big East Conference (1991–2004) Mid-American Conference (2007–present) 1978–1980 Tennessee State Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1981–1987) Ohio Valley Conference (1988–present) 2002–2003 Troy Division I-AA Independent Sun Belt Conference (2004–present) 1978–1995 Tulane Division I Independent Conference USA (1996–present) 1986–1995 Tulsa Missouri Valley Conference Western Athletic Conference (1996–2004) Conference USA (2005–present) 1978–1981 UNLV Division II Independent Big West Conference (1982–1995) Mountain West Conference (1999–present) 2001–2002 Utah State Big West Conference Sun Belt Conference (2003–2004) Western Athletic Conference (2005–present) 1978–1980 Villanova Division I Independent Dropped Football Colonial Athletic Association (1985–present)[N 4] 1978–1990 Virginia Tech Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–2003) Atlantic Coast Conference (2004–present) 1978–1990 West Virginia Division I Independent Big East Conference (1991–present) 1986 Wichita State Missouri Valley Conference Dropped football 1978–1981 William & Mary Division I Independent Division I-AA Independent (1982–1992) Colonial Athletic Association (1993–present)[N 4]
- ^ The A10 football conference did not morph into the Colonial Athletic Association football conference until 2007. UConn was an A10 member only in football.
- ^ UConn has been a member of the Big East Conference since its formation in 1979, but did not join for football until 2004.
- ^ a b The history of this conference is extremely convoluted. In 1985, the Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference, a women's sports conference parallel to the Missouri Valley Conference, added football as its only men's sport by taking in the MVC's I-AA football teams. In 1992, the women's portion of the Gateway merged with the MVC; the football conference kept the Gateway charter, changing the conference name to Gateway Football Conference. The current name was adopted in 2008.
- ^ a b c The CAA football conference did not exist under that name until 2007, but has a continuous history dating back to 1938. It started with the formation of the New England Conference, which folded in 1947, with its member schools joining the newly formed Yankee Conference under a separate charter. In 1997, the Yankee Conference merged with the Atlantic 10 Conference. After the 2006 season, the A10 football conference disbanded, with all of its members joining a new CAA football conference. The automatic berth of the Yankee Conference in the I-AA/FCS playoffs passed in succession to the A10 and the CAA.
- College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS
- NCAA Division I basketball independent schools
- ^ Tenorio, Paul. "Bowl Game Brings Football Back to RFK". The Washington Post. September 11, 2008. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- ^ Katz, Andy (August 31, 2010). "BYU leaving MWC for 2011–12 season". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncaa/news/story?id=5517305. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- ^ 
- ^ Sandomir, Richard (1991-08-25). "COLLEGE FOOTBALL; Notre Dame Scored a $38 Million Touchdown on Its TV Deal". New York Times (nytimes.com). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE0D91038F936A1575BC0A967958260. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- ^ "NBC and Notre Dame Extend Football Agreement Through 2010". und.cstv.com. 2003-12-18. http://und.cstv.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/121803aaa.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- ^ Gage, Jack (2006-12-22). "The most valuable college football teams". Forbes. newsinfo.nd.edu. http://newsinfo.nd.edu/content.cfm?topicid=20864. Retrieved 2008-04-06. [dead link]
- ^ "Notre Dame Football Program Ranked Most Valuable In College Football". Forbes.com. und.cstv.com. 2006-11-20. http://und.cstv.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/112007aag.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- ^ Katz, Andy (August 18, 2010). "Sources: BYU mulling Notre Dame path". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=5472642. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- ^ Harmon, Dick (August 24, 2010). "BYU's broadcast issues boiling over". Deseret News. http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700059600/BYUs-broadcast-issues-boiling-over.html?pg=1. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- ^ "ESPN gets rights to BYU football". digitalsportsdaily.com. September 1, 2010. http://www.digitalsportsdaily.com/component/content/article/150-independents/3174-espn-gets-rights-to-byu-football.html. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- NCAA Division I FCS independent schools
- NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
- NCAA Division I independent schools (ice hockey)
- NCAA Division II independent schools
- NCAA Division III independent schools
- NAIA independent schools
NCAA Division I FBS independents NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision conferences BCS Automatic Qualifier Non-Automatic Qualifier Future
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
NCAA Division I-FBS independent schools — NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision independent schools are four year institutions whose football programs are not part of an NCAA affiliated conference. This means that FBS independents do not schedule each other for competition like conference… … Wikipedia
NCAA Division I FCS independent schools — FCS Independents 2011 season NCAA Division I FCS Schools 4 (1 in 2012, 1 in 2013) Sports fielded 1 (men s: 1; women s: 0) Locations … Wikipedia
College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS — National championships in NCAA Division I FBS Current System BCS (since 1998) National Championship Trophies AFCA (since 1986), AP (since 1936), MacArthur (since 1959), Grantland Rice (since 1954) Longest Continuous Selector … Wikipedia
2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season — 2010 NCAA Division I FBS season Total # of teams 120 Preseason AP #1 Alabama Crimson Tide Regular season September 2 – December 11 Number of bowls 38 (35 team competitive and 3 all star) … Wikipedia
2006 NCAA Division I FBS football rankings — Three human polls and one formulaic ranking make up the 2006 NCAA Division I FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision) football rankings, in addition to various publications preseason polls. Unlike most sports, college football s governing body, the NCAA,… … Wikipedia
List of NCAA Division I FBS football stadiums — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. This list of Division I FBS college football stadiums includes stadiums that… … Wikipedia
NCAA Division I independent schools (baseball) — NCAA Division I independent baseball schools are four year institutions that do not belong to a baseball conference. Schools Below are the current institutions listed as Division I Independents in baseball: Institution Team Location Founded Type… … Wikipedia
NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball) — NCAA Division I independent basketball schools are four year institutions that do not belong to a basketball conference or a primary conference for all sports teams. Schools Below are the current institutions listed as Division I Independents in… … Wikipedia
NCAA Division I conference realignment — refers to changes in the alignment of college or university athletic programs from one National Collegiate Athletic Association athletic conference to another. These changes occur every few years with some of these changes causing a ripple effect … Wikipedia
List of NCAA Division II football programs — This is a list of schools in Division II of the United States National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) that have football as a varsity sport. NCAA D II Football ProgramsFuture Football Teams*University of the Incarnate Word in 2009. Will… … Wikipedia