National Institute of Siddha

National Institute of Siddha
National Institute of Siddha
Established 3 September 2005
Type Public
Religious affiliation Autonomous
Admin. staff 17
Location Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India India
Campus Urban
Affiliations Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India

National Institute of Siddha is the premier institute in Siddha medicine situated at Tambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, established to provide research and higher studies facility and help in securing global recognition for the Siddha system of medicine.



In the lines of Ayurveda and Unani medicines which have separate national institutes for development of their medicine, the Tamil Nadu Government requested the Government of India to establish similar institute for Siddha. Considering the project since the Seventh Plan, the Government of India then decided to establish the National Institute of Siddha (NIS) at Chennai at an estimated cost of INR 470 million spread over a period of 6 years.[1] The proposal was approved, in principle, during the 9th Five Year Plan period and a society of NIS was registered in January 1999.[2] The capital cost of INR 360 million was shared by the Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu in the ratio of 60:40 and the recurring expenditure of INR 110 million was shared in the ratio of 75:25. The foundation for the institute was laid on 27 March 1999.[2] The project was cleared in January 2002 and work started a year later. The Hospital Services Consultancy and Construction, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, was the architect and the buildings were constructed by the Central Public Works Department. Land was purchased for INR 60 million, the buildings were constructed at a cost of INR 200 million and the remaining amount of the capital cost was spent on equipment and appointment of staff.[3]

The institute was inaugurated on 3 September 2005 by Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India. However, the institute started treating out-patients since October 2004 when 615 people were treated.[3]


The institute is located alongside the GST Road in Tambaram Sanatorium, about 6 km from Chennai Airport. The nearest railway station is the Tambaram Sanatorium Railway Station located about 100 m from the campus.


The institute is an autonomous body under the Department of AYUSH of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India established with the prime aim to impart post-graduate education and research in Siddha medicine, provide holistic medical care through Siddha, develop, promote and propagate the science and art of Siddha and to act as a centre of excellence for the Siddha system of medicine.

The institute covers an area of 14.78 acres. The buildings have a total floor space of 14,242 sq.m.[3]

Facilities available in the institute includes teaching blocks; central facilities block containing library with audio visual equipments in the second floor; administrative block with the director’s office, conference hall and administrative office; hospital with out-patient block, dispensary, in-patient block, catering unit and laboratories of clinical pathology, biochemistry and microbiology; pharmacy block; student’s hostel; and a centrally air-conditioned auditorium.

The hospital attached to institute is called The Ayothidoss Pandithar Hospital, named after Thiru Ayothidoss Pandithar, a renowned traditional Siddha physician. The hospital houses an outpatient department with 6 consultation rooms for 6 post-graduate departments.

The out-patient (OP) department started functioning from 13 October 2004 with the treatment being given to the patients free of cost. On an average, more than 1000 patients are being treated in out-patient department every day.[4] The in-patient (IP) department started functioning from 1 June 2005, with a capacity of 120 beds. During 2007-08, a total of 349,696 patients were treated in the OP department and the IP department had an average occupancy rate of 66%.[5]

Built to have a total of 202 staff members, including a 17-member faculty,[3] the institute had about 126 employees, both full-time and contract, in 2010.[6]

Conservation measures

As a water conservation measure, an artificial pond has been created within the institutional premise to conserve rainwater.[7] It also has a sewage recycling plant which provides water for the herbal garden in the institute. Solar panels are used to heat 12,000 litres of water every day.

Affiliation and courses offered

The institute is affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, located in Guindy about 13 km to the northeast, and conducts post-graduate courses and doctor of medicine (M.D.) in Siddha in six subjects, namely, Siddha maruthuvam—pothu (general medicine); gunapadam (pharmacology); sirappu maruthuvam (special medicine); pillaippini maruthuvam or kuzhandhai maruthuvam (paediatrics); noi nadal (pathology), and nanju nool (toxicology) and Maruthuva Needhi Noolum (medical ethics) since 2004-05.

Future developments

The institute has decided to cultivate and grow medicinal herbs, trees and potted plants in its campus. Presently, 70 medicinal plants are being grown and maintained in the campus and planting 270 more such plants in this scheme is under way. There is also a proposal to develop the hillock behind the campus into a groove of medicinal plants. Other proposed facilities include an anatomy laboratory, animal house, green house, drug-testing laboratory, herbal garden and pharmacy.


  1. ^ "Achievements in the Health Care and Delivery System". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  2. ^ a b "India Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy Annual Report 2000-2001". Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Manikandan, K. (1 September 2005). "National Institute of Siddha a milestone in health care". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  4. ^ "Siddha wing in all PHCs soon: Stalin". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). 3 April 2010. Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  5. ^ "Treatment". National Institute of Siddha. Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  6. ^ "Setup About Institute". National Institute of Siddha. Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 
  7. ^ Manikandan, K. (11 April 2010). "Burning of waste causes concern". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16-Oct-2011. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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