List of mythological places


List of mythological places

Places which appear in mythology, folklore or religious texts or tradition, but which are not probably genuine places, include:

Name Description
Agartha A legendary city at the Earth's core.
Annwn The "otherworld" of Welsh mythology.
Asgard The high placed city of the gods, built by Odin, in Norse mythology. There the hall called Valhalla (see lower in this list) was part of it.
Asphodel Meadows In Greek mythology, the section of the underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
Atlantis The legendary (and almost archetypal) lost continent that was supposed to have sunk into the Atlantic Ocean; there are many differing opinions on what and where Atlantis was.
Avalon Legendary Island of Apples, believed by some to be the final resting place of King Arthur.
Ayotha Amirtha Gangai An important river in Ayyavazhi mythology.
Biarmaland A mighty kingdom described in Norse sagas which lies to the north of Russia.
Camelot The city which King Arthur reigned.
City of the Caesars A city between a mountain of gold and another of diamonds supposed to be situated in Patagonia.
Cloud cuckoo land A perfect city between the clouds in the play The Birds by Aristophanes.
Cockaigne In medieval mythology, it is a land of plenty where want does not exist.
Dinas Affaraon A magical Druid city hidden among the hills of Snowdonia.
El Dorado Rumored city of gold in South America.
Elysian Fields In Greek mythology, the final resting place of the souls of the heroic and the virtuous.
Garden of the Hesperides In Greek mythology, the sacred garden of Hera from where the gods got their immortality.
Hawaiki The ancestral island of the Polynesians, particularly the Māori.
Heaven Heaven is a realm, either physical or transcendental in which people who have died continue to exist in an afterlife. Heaven is often described as the holiest place, accessible by people according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith or other virtues.
Hyperborea A land to the north in Greek mythology.
Islands of the Blessed In Greek mythology, a paradise reserved for the souls of the great heroes.
Reynes A country mentioned in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Kingdom of Saguenay According to the French, supposedly an Iroquoian Indian story of a kingdom of blonde men rich in gold and fur that existed in north Canada prior to the French colonization of the landmass.
Kvenland Land next to Sweden at the northern shores of Baltic sea, probably ancient Finland or some of its parts.
Kyöpelinvuori (Finnish for ghosts' mountain), in Finnish mythology, is the place which dead women haunt.
Lemuria a hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Lyonesse A country in Arthurian legend, which is said to border Cornwall in England.
Mag Mell or Tir na nÓg The afterworld of Irish mythology; it is similar in many respects to the Norse Valhalla.
Meropis A gigantic island created purely as a parody of Plato's Atlantis.
Mount Olympus In Greek mythology the mountain is referred to as "home of the gods", specifically the Twelve Olympians.
Mu a hypothetical continent that allegedly disappeared at the dawn of human history.
Nibiru A mythological planet described by the Babylonians.
Nysa A beautiful valley full of nymphs in Greek mythology.
Purgatory According to many religions, it is the condition or process of purification in which the souls of those who die in a state of grace are made ready for Heaven.
Quivira and Cíbola Two of the legendary Seven Cities of Gold supposed by Spanish conquistadors to have existed in the Americas.
Shambhala In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, this kingdom is hidden somewhere in the Himalayas; Theosophists regard it as being on the etheric plane above the Gobi Desert and as being the home of the governing deity of our planet Sanat Kumara.
Shangri-La A mystical, harmonious valley enclosed in the western end of the Kunlun Mountains. A permanently happy land, isolated from the outside world; a fictional utopian lamasery high in the mountains of Tibet. It was originated in the 1933 novel Lost Horizon by James Hilton.
Suddene A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Tartarus in Greek mythology, a pit in the underworld for condemned souls.
Themiscyra the capital city of the Amazons in Greek mythology.
Thule An island that was supposed to have existed somewhere in the belt of Scandinavia, northern Great Britain, Iceland, and Greenland.
Thuvaraiyam Pathi In Ayyavazhi mythology, it was a sunken island some 150 miles off the south coast of India.
Utopia The mythical island described in Thomas More's book, where everything is perfect.
Valhalla (from Old Norse Valhöll "hall of the slain") is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god Odin.
Westernesse A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Ys A city located in Brittany, France that was supposedly built below sea level, protected by a dam, and eventually destroyed when the Devil released the water held back by the dam.


References


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