- St Davids
St David's or St Davids Welsh: Tyddewi
St David's Cathedral
St David's or St Davids shown within Pembrokeshire
Population 1,797 (2001) OS grid reference Community St David's and the Cathedral Close Principal area Pembrokeshire Ceremonial county Dyfed Country Wales Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town HAVERFORDWEST Postcode district SA62 Dialling code 01437 Police Dyfed-Powys Fire Mid and West Wales Ambulance Welsh EU Parliament Wales UK Parliament Preseli Pembrokeshire Welsh Assembly Preseli Pembrokeshire List of places: UK • Wales • Pembrokeshire
St Davids (or St David's, a contraction of St David's and the Cathedral Close, Welsh: Tyddewi), is a city and community in Pembrokeshire, Wales. Lying on the River Alun on St David's Peninsula, it is Britain's smallest city in terms of both size and population, the final resting place of Saint David, the country's patron saint, and the de facto ecclesiastical capital of Wales.
History and attractions
The area was originally known in the Welsh language as Mynyw and in Latin as Menevia, and was later renamed in honour of David. The city is built around St David's Cathedral which was a popular place of pilgrimage in the Middle Ages. Next to it, the 14th century Bishop's Palace is a ruin maintained by Cadw and open to visitors. St David's was once a marcher borough. In 1603 the antiquarian George Owen described it as one of five Pembrokeshire boroughs overseen by a portreeve.
Tradition states that Saint David was born to Saint Non at what is now St Non's, a ten-minute walk south of the city, in about AD 500. It is also said that he was baptised at Porthclais, now the city's port, was brought up by his mother at Llanon, and that he founded the city in around 550. Pope Calixtus II reportedly decreed that two pilgrimages to St David's were equivalent to one to Rome. Because of this a vast income was raised from visiting pilgrims in the Middle Ages. Saint Non's Well overlooks the Pembrokeshire Coast Path and St Brides Bay. The Cambrian cliffs make this a popular spot for walkers and kayakers.
In addition to the cathedral, attractions in the city include the 14th century Tower Gate, the Celtic Old Cross and a number of art galleries. St David's is also a popular base for walking and water sports. It has several hotels and a youth hostel, and a number of pubs. The entire coastline around St David's forms part of the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.
The St David's lifeboat, located at St Justinian, has saved an estimated 360 lives since the first lifeboat was located there in 1869; and four heroic lifeboatmen have perished in the cause of saving others. The Irish Sea area includes a large number of offshore rocks and islands and is notorious for strong tides.
Culture and sport
The St David's Penknife Club is a group of people dedicated to voluntary fund raising for local groups and charities.
Whitesands Bay, about two miles west of St. David's, is a popular watersports resort. It has been described as the best surfing beach in Pembrokeshire and one of the best tourist beaches in the world.
Henry Hicks (1837-1899), eminent surgeon and geologist, was born at St David's and practised there from 1862 until 1871.
Thomas Tomkins (1572-1656), eminent English musician and composer, was born in St David's.
- Saint David's Day
- Chapel of St Non
- Annales Cambriae
- Bishop of St David's
- Diocese of St David's
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Menevia
- ^ As specified in New Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors OUP 2005. The name is often spelt without its possessive apostrophe, including by the St Davids City Council
- ^ Parish Headcounts for Pembrokeshire (based on 2001 Census) at Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2011-08-01
- ^ Owen, George, The Description of Penbrokshire by George Owen of Henllys Lord of Kemes, Henry Owen (Ed), London, 1892
- ^ St David's day, Pembrokeshire at History.UK.com, 16 February 2003. Retrieved on 1 August 2011
- ^ St Davids Lifeboat Station: Introduction at Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI). Accessed on 1 August 2011
- ^ St Davids Lifeboat Station at Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI). Accessed on 1 August 2011
- ^ St David's and St David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire at Wales in Style. Accessed on 1 August 2011
- ^ "St David's Penknife Club". http://penknifeclub.co.uk/wordpress/about/. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ^ SWALEC League Five West at Welsh Rugby Union
- ^ http://www.pembrokeshire.gov.uk/content.asp?id=8093&d1=0 Retrieved on 2008-01-01
- O'Malley, Brian Brendan, comp. (1985) A Pilgrim's Manual: St. David's. Marlborough: Paulinus Press ISBN 0 907740 13 8
- St Davids City Council
- St David's at www.visitpembrokeshire.com (official council tourism website)
- St Davids at the Open Directory Project
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