- Women in Burma
Historically, women in Burma (Myanmar) have had a unique social status in Burmese society. According to the research made by Daw Mya Sein, Burmese women "for centuries – even before recorded history" owned a "high measure of independence" and had retained their "legal and economic rights" despite the influences of Buddhism and Hinduism. Burma once had a matriarchal system that includes the exclusive right to inherit oil wells and the right to inherit the position as village head. Burmese women were also appointed to high offices by Burmese kings, can become chieftainesses and queens.
The htamein (ထမီ [tʰəmèiɴ]) is one of the traditional dresses of Burmese women. This skirtcloth or lower body wrapper was worn by women during the Konbaung Dynasty (1752-1855) as a wrap-around skirt, or sometimes as a folded clothing material placed "tightly across the abdomen slightly left center of the waist". In comparison, Burmese men wore the traditional lower garment known as the pahso (ပုဆိုး [pəsʰó]).
Love and marriage
Marriages were previously allowed between Burmese women and male foreigners provided that the divisional courts in Burma were informed within 21 days of advance notice. However, in May 2010, the government of Burma disallowed conducting of marriage ceremonies between Burmese women and male foreigners. One of the suggested reasons was to avoid human trafficking. Burmese women become victims of human traffickers and traded for the sex industry in Pakistan and Thailand.
To some extent, arranged marriages was also a part of Burmese tradition, however, the Burmese women have the right to refuse the offer of being betrothed to the parents' chosen partner for her. At present, young Burmese women can choose to marry someone for love.
In 2000, the Asian Women's Resource Exchange (AWORC) published a report entitled Human Rights in Burma from the Forum News (August 1998) describing that by tradition, Burmese women are maternal self-abnegators, meaning that these women "consistently forego their own needs in order to give their children first priority." The report also indicated that rural and urban Burmese women were affected by the deteriorating economic climate in Burma. As a result, Burmese families were "increasingly prioritizing the rights of males over females to limited resources." These changes affected the access of Burmese women to nutrition, medical services, vocational training, and other educational opportunities. Burmese women became unwilling porters and unpaid laborers for the military, including becoming victims of slavery, murder, torture, rape, and attacks. Historically, urban Burmese women "enjoyed high levels of social power" but later became confronted with restrictions on speech and limitations in acquiring high level positions in both private and public offices. According to AWORC, only a few number of Burmese women receive education related to reproductive rights and safe birth control practices, thus making them prone to being infected by HIV and AIDS.
In January 2008, BBC News featured Burmese Kayan Lahwi women who became tourist attractions in Thailand because of the tradition of wearing coils of brass around their necks. The rings of brass push the "women's shoulders and ribs down" throughout several years giving the effect as if the necks had been stretched, thus described as sporting "unnaturally long, giraffe-like necks."
- Aung San Suu Kyi
- Supayalat, last queen of Burma
- Women's League of Burma
- Myanmar Women's Affairs Federation
- Women's Auxiliary Service (Burma)
- Myanmar women's national football team
- Shan Women's Action Network
- ^ a b Daw Mya Sein. "Women in Burma", The Atlantic, Atlantic Magazine, February 1958.
- ^ a b c Falconer, John and Luca Invernizzi Tettoni. Burmese Design and Architecture, Tuttle Publishing, page 189.
- ^ a b c Thae Thae. Burmese Women Not Allowed to Marry Foreigners, The Irrawaddy, May 25, 2010.
- ^ Trafficking, Burma/Myanmar, Factbook on Global Sexual Exploitation, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
- ^ a b c Human Rights in Burma, Asian Women's Resource Exchange (AWORC), 2000
- ^ Harding, Andrew. Burmese women in Thai 'human zoo', January 30, 2008.
- Women's League of Burma
- Karen Women Organization
- Burmese women in Thai 'human zoo'
- The war on Burma's women
Burma (Myanmar) topics History Geography Politics Economy Demographics Culture Other Current events Women in Asia Sovereign
- Burma (Myanmar)
- People's Republic of China
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- South Ossetia
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Women's League of Burma — Women s League of BurmaThe Women s League of Burma is one of the many exiled, pro democracy political movements in the region. With headquarters in Chang Mai, Thailand, the Women s League of Burma is an umbrella organization linking various women … Wikipedia
Burma VJ — est un long métrage documentaire danois réalisé par Anders Østergaard et sorti en 2009. Il relate le soulèvement de septembre 2007 contre la junte militaire au pouvoir en Birmanie. Ce documentaire a été filmé intégralement par des… … Wikipédia en Français
Burma — Republic of the Union of Myanmar ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw … Wikipedia
Burma — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Burma <p></p> Background: <p></p> Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a… … The World Factbook
Women in Burmese Society — During the British colonial period, European observers were impressed by the apparent equality of the sexes in Burmese society, claiming, as James George Scott did, that a married Burmese woman is much more independent than any European woman… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Women's League of Chinland — The Women’s League of Chinland works as an umbrella organization for its member groups concerned with the issues of Chin women.Formed on December 4, 2004, the WLC was the result of a seminar on Strengthening Unity and Coalition Building Among… … Wikipedia
Burma Campaign UK — Protesters march in London organised by the Burma Campaign UK in 2007 Burma Campaign UK (BCUK) founded in 1991 is a London based Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) that aims to achieve the restoration of human rights and democracy in Burma (also … Wikipedia
Women's rights — The term women s rights refers to the freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized, ignored or suppressed by law, custom, and behavior in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together… … Wikipedia
Women's suffrage — U.S. women suffragists demonstrating for the right to vote, February 1913 Women s suffrage or woman suffrage is the right of women to vote and to run for office. The expression is also used for the economic and political reform movement aimed… … Wikipedia
Burma National Literature Award — Myanmar National Literature Awards are award presented to an author who has written a particularly lauded piece or body of work. There are awards for forms of writing ranging from poetry to novels. Many awards are also dedicated to a certain… … Wikipedia