My Sister and I (Nietzsche)


My Sister and I (Nietzsche)
My Sister and I  
Author(s) Friedrich Nietzsche (forgery)
Genre(s) Literary forgery, autobiography, philosophy
Publication date 1951
Media type Paperback, hardcover
Pages 255 (1990 Amok ed.)
ISBN ISBN 1-878923-01-3 (1990 Amok ed.)

My Sister and I is an apocryphal work attributed to German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Following Nietzsche scholar Walter Kaufmann, most[1][2][3] consider the work to be a literary forgery, although a small minority[4] argues for the book's authenticity.

It was supposedly written in 1889 or early 1890 during Nietzsche's stay in a mental asylum in the Thuringian city of Jena. If legitimate, My Sister and I would be Nietzsche's second autobiographical and final overall work, chronologically following his Wahnbriefe (Madness Letters), written during his extended time of mental collapse. My Sister and I makes several bold and otherwise unreported biographical claims, most notably of an incestuous relationship between Nietzsche and his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, as well as an affair with Richard Wagner's wife Cosima. It is written in a style that combines anecdote and aphorism in a manner similar to other Nietzsche works.

Contents

History

My Sister and I was first published in 1951 by Boar's Head Books and distributed by Seven Sirens Press in New York City. Along with Nietzsche's authorship attribution, the translation from German was credited to noted early Nietzsche scholar Oscar Levy.

The book was quickly tied to controversial publisher Samuel Roth, putatively the owner of Seven Sirens Press, who had spent jail time for the unlawful distribution of a version of James Joyce's Ulysses.[1] In the book's introduction, an anonymous publisher claimed to have received the manuscript from a fellow inmate of Nietzsche's in Jena and to have hired Levy to translate the work only to have both German and English manuscripts confiscated, with only the latter surviving.

In a response letter, Levy's daughter vehemently denied her father's involvement with My Sister and I.[1] Although Kaufmann claimed in a footnote in his biography Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist to have received a ghostwriting confession from minor author David George Plotkin in 1965, no other known record of this admission exists.

Reception

Nietzsche scholars in general adopted the opinion of Kaufmann, who immediately identified the book as a forgery in a 1952 article.[1] Evidence against the book cited both by Kaufmann and later commentators includes chronologically unsound information, such as a reference to a 1898 incident, incongruous references to Marxism and the city of Detroit (globally unknown in the late 19th century), a seemingly poor grasp of philosophy, and the book's sexualized pulpy content.[1][3]

Nevertheless there are some minority views holding the work to be authentic. Beginning in the mid-1980s, a handful of articles began to call for its reevaluation, including references to more recently discovered journals and letters from Nietzsche and Cosima Wagner. Amok Books' 1990 edition reprints many secondary articles on the subject, and includes an original introduction calling for a reevaluation of the book. Philosophy professor and Nietzsche scholar Walter K. Stewart, in his 185 page monograph Nietzsche: My Sister and I — A Critical Study published in 2007, argues for the original's potential legitimacy by conducting a point-by-point analysis of Kaufmann's book review which he concludes is flawed by poor scholarship.[4] Stewart's argument holds that the book could accurately represent Nietzsche's condition and state of mind during his stay in Jena, and that the biographical inaccuracies identified by previous critics all have reasonable explanations.

Editions

  • My Sister and I by Friedrich Nietzsche. Trans. and intr. by Oscar Levy. New York: Boar's Head Books 1951; several reprints, mostly diffused: My Sister and I. Trans. and intr. by Oscar Levy. Los Angeles: Amok Books 1990 ISBN 1-878923-01-3 (includes reprints of the controversies on the book)

Translations

  • (Author's name always Friedrich Nietzsche)
    • Brazilian: Minha irmã e eu. Trad. de Rubens Eduardo Frías. São Paulo: Moraes 1992 ISBN 85-88208-77-6
    • German: Ich und meine Schwester. Das Werk aus der Nervenklinik. Wien: Turia + Kant 1993 ISBN 3-85132-066-2 (angekündigt, nicht erschienen)
    • Hebrew: [Meine Schwester und ich]. Trans. by Halit Yeshurun. Tel Aviv: Yedioth Ahronoth Books 2006 (with a review Nietzsche contra Nietzsche by Yeshayahu Yariv)
    • Japanese: Hi ni kakenoboru / [Übers.:] Rin Jûbishi. - Tôkyô : Shiki-sha 1956
    • Korean: Nich'e-ch'oehu-ŭi-kobaek: na-ŭi-nui-wa-na = My sister & I / P'ŭridŭrihi Nich'e. Yi Tŏk-hŭi omgim. Yi, Tŏk-hŭi [Übers.]. Sŏul: Chakka Chŏngsin 1999 ISBN 89-7288-111-2
    • Portuguese: A minha irmã e eu. Trad. de Pedro José Leal. Lisboa: Hiena 1990
    • Spanish: Mi hermana y yo. Trad. de Bella M. Abelia. Buenos Aires: Rueda 1956; Barcelona: Hacer 1980; Madrid: EDAF 1996 ISBN 84-7166-720-7

Literature

  • Walter Kaufmann: Nietzsche and the Seven Sirens. In: Partisan Review, vol. 19, no. 3 (May/June 1952), pp. 372–376 (incl. in Amok-Edition)
  • Walter Kaufmann: Review: My Sister and I. In: Philosophical Review, vol. 65, no. 1 (Jan 1955), pp. 152–153 (incl. in Amok-Edition)
  • Heinz Frederick Peters: Zarathustras Sister. The case of Elisabeth and Friedrich Nietzsche. New York: Crown Publishers 1977
  • Walter K. Stewart: My Sister an I. The Disputed Nietzsche. In: Thought. A review of Culture and Idea, vol. 61, no. 242 (1986), pp. 321–335 (incl. in Amok-Edition)
  • Pia Daniela Volz: Der unbekannte Erotiker. Nietzsches fiktive Autobiographie ‚My Sister and I‘. In: Karl Corino (Hg.): Gefälscht! Nördlingen: Greno 1988, S. 287−304
  • Hermann Josef Schmidt: Nietzsche absconditus oder Spurenlesen bei Nietzsche. Kindheit. Teil 3. Berlin / Aschaffenburg: IBDK-Verlag 1990, S. 629–663 ISBN 3-922601-08-1
  • R[eginald] J[ohn] Hollingdale: Review of 'My Sister and I'. (ed. Amok Books). In: Journal of Nietzsche Studies, issue 2, autumn 1991, pp. 95–102
  • K[athleen] J. Wininger: The Disputed Nietzsche. In: Telos. A Quarterly Journal of Critical Thought, number 91, spring 1992, pp. 185–189 (Review of My Sister and I)
  • Heward Wilkinson: review of My Sister and I. In: International Journal of Psychotherapy, vol. 2, n. 1, 1997, pp. 119–124
  • Heward Wilkinson: Retrieving a posthumous text-message; Nietzsche's fall: the significance of the disputed asylum writing, My Sister and I. In: International Journal of Psychotherapy, vol. 7, n. 1, 2002, pp. 53–68
  • Yeshayahu Yariv: "Nietzsche contra Nietzsche". Tel Aviv 2006 (Afterword to the Hebrew edition)
  • Walter K. Stewart: Nietzsche: My Sister and I. A Critical Study s.l.: Xlibris 2007 ISBN 978-1-4257-6097-7 (first monography on topic, 185 pp.)

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • My Sister and I — may refer to: My Sister and I (Nietzsche), an apocryphal work attributed to Friedrich Nietzsche My Sister and I (film), a 1948 film directed by Harold Huth My Sister and I (song), a 1941 song by Jimmy Dorsey My Sister and I: The Diary of a Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • My Sister and I — ist der Titel eines Buches, das erstmals 1951 in New York erschien. Auf der Titelseite wurden als Autor Friedrich Nietzsche und als Übersetzer und Verfasser der Einleitung der britische Nietzsche Experte Oscar Levy genannt. Von dieser Schrift ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm — Nietzsche Robin Small LIFE AND PERSONALITY Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) is one of those thinkers whose personalities cannot easily be separated from their achievements in philosophy. This is not because his life was an unusually… …   History of philosophy

  • Nietzsche and Philosophy — (French: Nietzsche et la philosophie) is a 1962 book by philosopher Gilles Deleuze. Its publication marked a significant turn in 20th century French philosophy, which had to that point not considered Friedrich Nietzsche a serious philosopher …   Wikipedia

  • Nietzsche contra Wagner —   Author(s) Friedrich Nietzsche Translator Thomas Common …   Wikipedia

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — ▪ German philosopher Introduction born Oct. 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [now in Germany] died Aug. 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States  German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of… …   Universalium

  • Nietzsche-Archiv — The Nietzsche Archive The Nietzsche Archiv, also known as the Nietzsche Archive, was the first organization that dedicated itself to archive and document the life and work of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. The Nietzsche Archive was founded… …   Wikipedia

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — (1844–1900) Born in Prussia, the son of a Lutheran minister who died insane four years later, Nietzsche spent the years of childhood with his mother, sister, grandmother, and two maiden aunts. In 1858 he entered boarding school, and in spite of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Nietzsche-Haus, Naumburg — The Nietzsche Haus in Naumburg The Nietzsche Haus in Naumburg, Germany, is a building dedicated to the life and work of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche In the summer of 1858 Nietzsche s mother, Franziska Nietzsche, moved with her two… …   Wikipedia

  • Nietzsche Music Project — The Nietzsche Music Project (NMP) is a non profit interdisciplinary arts organization created in 1990, which is influenced by the ideas of the 19th century German philosopher, and whose purpose is to foster an enhanced understanding and… …   Wikipedia