- Super Bowl XXXVII
visitor_qtr1 = 3
visitor_qtr2 = 0
visitor_qtr3 = 6
visitor_qtr4 = 12
home_qtr1 = 3
home_qtr2 = 17
home_qtr3 = 14
home_qtr4 = 14
January 26, 2003
stadium = Qualcomm Stadium
city = San Diego
attendance = 67,603
odds = Raiders by 4
MVP = Dexter Jackson, Safety
Dixie Chicksand Celine Dion("God Bless America")
coin_toss = '72 Dolphins:
Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield
Shania Twain, No Doubtand Sting
network = ABC
Al Michaelsand John Madden
rating = 40.7
share = 61
commercial = $2.1 million
last = XXXVI
next = XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVII was an
American footballgame played on January 26, 2003at Qualcomm Stadiumin San Diego, Californiato decide the National Football League(NFL) champion following the 2002 regular season. The National Football Conference(NFC) champion Tampa Bay Buccaneers(15-4) won their first Super Bowlby defeating the American Football Conference(AFC) champion Oakland Raiders(13-6), 48–21.
Oakland came into the game as four-point favorites. However, the Tampa Bay defense dominated the contest. Raiders' quarterback
Rich Gannonthrew a Super Bowl record five interceptions, three of which were returned for touchdowns. Bucs safety Dexter Jackson, who had two of those interceptions and returned them for 34 yards, was named Super Bowl MVP. Jackson became only the second safety and third defensive back to ever be named Super Bowl MVP.
The attendance of 67,603 was the third-smallest ever for a Super Bowl game, trailing only
Super Bowl I(61,946) and Super Bowl XXVI(63,130).
Super Bowl XXXVII is sometimes referred to as the "Gruden Bowl" because the primary storyline surrounding the game centered around
Jon Gruden. [ [http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/super/2003-01-27-ratings_x.htm USATODAY.com - 'Gruden Bowl' keeps fans glued to TVs ] ] Gruden was the Raiders head coach from 1998 to 2001 and then became the Buccaneers coach in 2002. Thus, it was "Gruden's old team" versus "Gruden's new team." It has also been called the "Pirate Bowl" since both teams have pirate-related logos. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_7_103/ai_97450949 2003 Ad | Jet | Find Articles at BNET ] ] It was also the first time in Superbowl history that the league's Number 1 ranked offense (Raiders) was pitted against the league's number 1 ranked defense (Buccaneers).
Super Bowl XXXVII was originally awarded to San Francisco in 1997 by the NFL owners. The 49ers had recently announced plans for a new stadium, and were rewarded with the Super Bowl dependent upon its completion. However, the stadium plans had stalled by the fall of 1998, and thus the NFL reopened the bidding for the game. San Diego, who had lost out on
Super Bowl XXXVI, announced its interest. The city was then awarded the game during a May 1999 meeting at Atlanta.
Gruden helps rebuild the Raiders
After moving back to
Oakland, Californiain 1995, the Raiders suffered sub-par seasons, including a 4-12 record in 1997. Under Gruden's leadership, the Raiders improved to 8-8 in both 1998 and 1999. The team was further boosted in 1999 with the signing of veteran quarterback Rich Gannon. With Gannon at the helm, the team jumped to the 5th best offense in the league.
The Raiders won the
AFC Westin 2000 with a 12-4 record and the best rushing offense in the league. However, they lost the AFC Championship Game to the eventual Super Bowl XXXVwinner Baltimore Ravens, 16-3. Then, after signing veteran Pro Bowlwide receiver Jerry Riceand defensive tackle Trace Armstrong, the team repeated as AFC West champions in 2001. But they were eliminated in the playoffs by the New England Patriotsin what became known as "The Tuck Game", in which a potential game-ending fumble recovery by the Raiders was overturned by instant replay.
Gruden is "traded" to the Buccaneers
Davis was known to have the lowest salaries for head coaches in the league, and Gruden was no exception. Instead of paying a high salary for Gruden, Davis opted to trade the rights for Gruden to the Buccaneers in exchange for draft picks, in a deal similar to what Patriots owner
Robert Kraftmade with the New York Jetsto get head coach Bill Belichickin 2000. The Buccaneers ended up giving four high draft choices and $8 million to the Raiders to get Gruden. But Tampa Bay was desperate to have someone rebuild their offense so it would complement their powerful defense in an attempt to win the Super Bowl.
For most of its history, the Buccaneers were regarded as losers, only making the playoffs 3 times in their first 20 seasons. But all that changed when the team hired
Tony Dungyas head coach in 1996. Dungy rebuilt the defense around a core group of players such as lineman Warren Sapp, linebacker Derrick Brooks, and defensive backs Ronde Barberand John Lynch. By 1997, Tampa Bay ranked 3rd in the league in total yards allowed, 2nd in 1998, and 3rd in 2000.
With one of the best defenses in the league, Dungy helped guide the Buccaneers to 4 playoff appearances in his 5 years as the team's head coach. But the team always had one of the worst offenses in the league, and this was a major factor in their playoff losses. Thus, Dungy was fired and replaced by Gruden.
Still, even Gruden had trouble getting the offense in sync during his first year as Tampa Bay's head coach. In 2002, the Buccaneers ranked 25th in the league in total yards gained (5,222). Quarterback Brad Johnson had decent numbers and made the Pro Bowl, completing 281 out of 451 passes for 3,049 yards, 22 touchdowns, and only 6 interceptions. Running back
Michael Pittmanled the team in rushing with 718 yards and one touchdown, and caught 59 passes for 477 yards. Pro Bowl fullback Mike Alstotthad 548 yards and 5 touchdowns, and also had 35 receptions for 242 yards and 2 touchdowns. Wide receiver Keyshawn Johnsonled the team with 76 receptions for 1,088 yards and 5 touchdowns, while wide receiver Keenan McCardellhad 61 receptions for 670 yards and 6 touchdowns.
However, the Buccaneers' defense was still the strength of the team, leading the NFL in total defense (252.8 yards per game), pass defense (155.6 yards per game), points allowed (12.3 points per game), passing touchdowns allowed (10), interceptions (31), and opponent passer rating (48.4). Brooks, Lynch, Sapp and lineman
Simeon Riceall had Pro Bowl years. Brooks led the team with 87 tackles and excelled at pass coverage, recording 5 interceptions, 218 return yards, and 2 touchdowns. Rice led the team with 15.5 sacks. Sapp recorded 7.5 sacks and 2 interceptions. Cornerback Brian Kelly was also a big asset, leading the team with 8 interceptions.
The Raiders win without Gruden
Despite the loss of Gruden in 2002, the Raiders under their new coach Bill Callahan still managed to earn a share of the AFC's best record at 11-5. The offense led the league in total passing yards (4,689) and ranked second in total yards gained (6,451).
Gannon had a Pro Bowl season, completing 418 out of 618 passes for 4,689 yards, 26 touchdowns, and with 10 interceptions. His 418 completions and his 10 games with over 300 passing yards were both NFL records. He also ran 50 times for 156 yards and 3 touchdowns. Rice, who was already the NFL's all time leader in nearly every receiving record after 17 seasons, had a Pro Bowl season for the 13th time in his career with 92 receptions for 1,211 yards and 7 touchdowns. Gannon's other weapons in passing game were 13-year veteran receiver Tim Brown (81 receptions for 930 yards and 2 touchdowns) and young receiver Jerry Porter (51 receptions for 688 yards and 9 touchdowns). Multi-talented running back
Charlie Garnerwas the team's leading rusher with 962 yards and 7 touchdowns, while also leading all NFL running backs in receiving with 91 receptions for 941 yards and another 4 touchdowns. Running back Tyrone Wheatleywas also a big contributor with 419 rushing yards and 71 receiving yards, while fullback Zack Crockettprovided both of them with solid blocking and scored 8 touchdowns. Up front, their offensive line was led by 2 Pro Bowlers, guard Lincoln Kennedyand center Barret Robbins.
The Raiders' weakness was primarily on their defense, which ranked 25th in the league in passing yards allowed (3,787) and 12th in total yards (5,240). But veteran
Pro Bowlsafety Rod Woodsonrecorded 8 interceptions (which led the league) for 225 yards and 2 touchdowns. Up front, their line was anchored by defensive tackle Rod Coleman, who led the team with 11 sacks. Behind him, the team had a solid veteran linebacker, Bill Romanowski, who was playing in his 5th Super Bowl (after winning 2 championships with the San Francisco 49ersin Super Bowls XXIII and XXIV, and 2 while playing for the Denver Broncosin Super Bowls XXXII and XXXIII). Defensive back Tory Jameswas also a big contributor with 4 interceptions.
The Buccaneers defeated the
San Francisco 49ers, 31-6, and the Philadelphia Eagles, 27-10, in the playoffs. Meanwhile, the Raiders were victorious against the New York Jets, 30-10, and the Tennessee Titans, 41-24.
uper Bowl pregame news
The Raiders entered the game favored to win their first Super Bowl in 19 years. However, much of the media hype surrounded Gruden. Many speculated on whether or not Gruden still had some idea of what Oakland's game plans would be, and how this knowledge would affect the game.
Much of the hype also centered around the Gruden trade prior to the season. This forced league commissioner
Paul Tagliabueto issue a statement that he might ban all future trades for coaches involving draft choices because it might compromise the draft.
But a major distraction for the Raiders was that starting center Barrett Robbins who went missing for most of the week leading up to the game and ended up in the hospital. Backup
Adam Treuended up replacing Robbins in the Super Bowl.
Television and entertainment
The game was broadcast in the
United Statesby ABC with Al Michaelshandling the play-by-playduties and color commentatorJohn Madden. Chris Bermanfrom Disney-owned corporate sibling ESPNhosted all the events. Berman was joined by fellow ESPN analyst Steve Young, Baltimore Ravenshead coach Brian Billick, and New York Giants defensive end Michael Strahan.
Before the game, a show called "Santana and Friends" performed on the field.
Carlos Santanawas joined by Beyoncé Knowlesand Michelle Branchand sang truncated versions of "Oye Como Va", "The Game of Love", and "Foo Foo".
In a nod to what the
New England Patriotsdid the previous year in Super Bowl XXXVI, both teams were introduced as a team, rather than offensive and defensive starters, after highlights of their seasons were simulcast on the video boards in the stadium and on television. Celine Dionthen sang "God Bless America" and later the Dixie Chickssang the national anthem.
To honor the 30th anniversary of the 17-0 undefeated, perfect season of the 1972
Miami Dolphins, the following members of that team appeared during the coin toss ceremony: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield
Memorable television commercials that aired during the game included the ""
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Shania Twain, No Doubt, and Sting were featured during the halftime show, which was sponsored by AT&T Wireless. Twain was dressed in what many people viewed as a dominatrix-looking outfit and sang her hits " Man! I Feel Like a Woman!" and "Up!". No Doubt then sang their hit " Just a Girl" with lead singer Gwen Stefani ad-libbing lines like "I'm just a girl at the Super Bowl!" The show concluded with Sting performing "Message in a Bottle", in which Stefani joined in midway through. [ [http://www.sptimes.com/2003/01/27/Bucs/Superstars_belt_out_f.shtml Super Bowl XXXVII: Superstars belt out favorites, or lip synch them ] ]
The NBC network provided counter-programming against the halftime show, airing a live segment of "Weekend Update" from the
comedy- variety show" Saturday Night Live" featuring Jimmy Fallonand Tina Fey.
Bon Joviappeared as part of the post-game ceremonies, performing "It's My Life" prior to the Vince Lombardi Trophypresentation and "Everyday" afterwards (most of the latter performance was not shown on ABC because the network cut to commercials).
As many sports fans and writers predicted, Gruden's prior knowledge of the Raiders was a major factor in the Buccaneers' win in Super Bowl XXXVII. The most damaging piece of evidence is
NFL Filmsfootage of Tampa Bay defensive back John Lynch telling his teammates during the game that almost all of the plays run by Oakland's offense were plays that Gruden (who that week even played the part of "Rich Gannon" by playing QB with the scout-team offense) specifically told them to look out for [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1208/is_5_227/ai_97174288 The best-laid plans: an inside look at how coach Jon Gruden and the Bucs prepared themselves to be Super Bowl champions - Super Bowl 37 | Sporting News, The | Find Articles at BNET.com ] ] . Better still for the Buccaneers was that Oakland hadn't changed their audible-calling signals that Gruden himself had installed, thus tipping off plays repeatedly. As a result, Tampa Bay dominated Oakland, outgaining them in total yards (365 to 269), rushing yards (150 to 19), first downs (24 to 11), offensive plays (76 to 60), and forced turnovers (5 to 1).
The Raiders had a great chance to score a touchdown early in the game after cornerback
Charles Woodsonintercepted Buccaneers quarterback Brad Johnson's pass on the third play of the game and returned it 12 yards to the Tampa Bay 36-yard line. But 6 plays later, Tampa Bay defensive end Simeon Ricesacked Raiders quarterback Rich Gannonon third down, forcing Oakland to settle for kicker Sebastian Janikowski's 40-yard field goal to give them a 3-0 lead.
Buccaneers kick returner
Aaron Steckerreturned the ensuing kickoff 27 yards to the 29-yard line, then appeared to fumble the ball. Although the officials initially ruled that the ball was recovered by Oakland's Eric Johnson, the play was reviewed by instant replayand the fumble was overturned, and thus Tampa Bay retained possession.
On the first play of the drive, Brad Johnson completed an 11-yard pass to receiver
Joe Jurevicius. Johnson's next 2 passes were incomplete, but he then completed a 23-yard pass to Jurevicius on third down to advance the ball to the Oakland 37-yard line. Running back Michael Pittmanthen rushed for a 23-yard gain to the 13-yard line. However on the next 3 plays, the Raiders defense limited the Buccaneers to a pair of incompletions and a 1-yard run. Kicker Martin Gramaticathen made a 31-yard field goal to tie the game, 3-3.
Later in the period, a 17-yard punt return by Raiders defensive back
Darrien Gordongave Oakland the ball at their own 49-yard line. Gannon then threw an 8-yard pass to running back Charlie Garnerto reach the Tampa Bay 43-yard line. But on third down, Buccaneers safety Dexter Jackson intercepted Gannon's pass at the 40-yard line and returned it 9-yards to near midfield. Then nine plays after the turnover, Gramatica kicked his second field goal from 43 yards to give Tampa Bay a 6-3 lead.
Jackson intercepted another pass on the Raiders' next drive and returned it 25 yards to Oakland's 45-yard line, making Jackson the first player ever to record 2 interceptions in the first half of the Super Bowl. However, the Buccaneers were unable to take advantage of the turnover and were forced to punt. Fortunately for Tampa Bay, they got a big assist from their punter
Tom Tupa, who managed to pin Oakland all the way back at their own 11-yard line with his punt. The Raiders could not move the ball either, losing 1 yard on 3 plays with their ensuing drive. Tampa Bay punt returner Karl Williamsthen returned Shane Lechler's punt 25 yards, giving the Buccaneers great field position at Oakland's 27-yard line. Aided with Pittman's gains of 6 and 19 yards, the Buccaneers scored their first touchdown on a 2-yard run from fullback Mike Alstott, increasing their lead 13-3. Then with 3:45 left in the half, Tampa Bay drove 77 yards, assisted by 3 defensive penalties against Oakland and a pair of catches by Alstott for 28 total yards. Johnson finished the drive with a 5-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Keenan McCardellto give the Buccaneers a 20-3 halftime lead.
Tampa Bay continued to dominate the game for most of the third quarter. The Buccaneers forced the Raiders to punt on the opening drive of the second half. Next, Tampa Bay marched 89 yards on a 14-plays drive that took 7:52 off the clock, and ended with Johnson's 8-yard touchdown pass to McCardell to increase their lead to 27-3. Then on the second play of Oakland's ensuing drive, Buccaneers defensive back
Dwight Smithintercepted Gannon's pass and returned it 44 yards for a touchdown, making the score 34-3.
After giving up 34 unanswered points, Oakland finally managed to drive 82 yards down the field and score on a 39-yard touchdown pass from Gannon to receiver Jerry Porter. Although he was initially ruled as being out of bounds when he caught the ball, it was determined that Porter had one foot in the end zone and used it to drag the other foot out. The
two-point conversionfailed, so the Raiders were still down 34-9.
The Raiders' touchdown seemed to fire up their defense, who forced the Buccaneers to a fourth down on their ensuing possession. Oakland lineman Tim Johnson then blocked Tupa's punt, and Raiders defender Eric Johnson returned the ball 13 yards for a touchdown. Another two-point conversion for Oakland failed, but Tampa Bay's lead was cut to 34-15.
Tampa Bay responded by moving the ball to the Oakland 9-yard line on their ensuing drive, featuring a 24-yard run by Pittman, but they came up empty after Tupa fumbled the snap on a field goal attempt. A few plays later, Gannon threw a 48-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver
Jerry Ricewith 6:06 left in the game, cutting the Raiders deficit to 34-21. Rice became the first player to catch a touchdown pass in 4 different Super Bowls, and third overall to have TDs in 4 Super Bowls ( Thurman Thomasand John Elway). The two-point conversion failed when Jerry Porter caught the ball and was forced out of bounds; while the referee incorrectly failed to call the force-out, the actual cause for the incomplete was Porter's failure to maintain control upon hitting the ground out of bounds.
In an attempt to prevent a Raiders comeback, the Buccaneers managed to run the clock down to 2:44 on their ensuing drive before being forced to punt. Then on third and 18 from the Oakland 29-yard line, Tampa Bay linebacker
Derrick Brooksintercepted a pass from Gannon and returned it 44 yards for a touchdown, giving the Buccaneers a 41-21 lead with only 1:18 left putting the game out of reach. And a few plays later as the Raiders were now playing for pride, Smith intercepted a tipped pass and returned it 50 yards for a touchdown (the 200th TD in Super Bowl history).
*OAK - FG: Sebastian Janikowski 40 yards 3-0 OAK
*TB - FG: Martin Gramatica 31 yards 3-3
*TB - FG: Martin Gramatica 43 yards 6-3 TB
*TB - TD: Mike Alstott 2 yard run (Martin Gramatica kick) 13-3 TB
*TB - TD: Keenan McCardell 5 yard pass from Brad Johnson (Martin Gramatica kick) 20-3 TB
*TB - TD: Keenan McCardell 8 yard pass from Brad Johnson (Martin Gramatica kick) 27-3 TB
*TB - TD: Dwight Smith 44 yard interception return (Martin Gramatica kick) 34-3 TB
*OAK - TD: Jerry Porter 39 yard pass from
Rich Gannon(2-pt conv: pass failed) 34-9 TB
*OAK - TD: Eric Johnson 13 yard blocked punt return (2-pt conv: pass failed) 34-15 TB
*OAK - TD: Jerry Rice 48 yard pass from Rich Gannon (2-pt conv: pass failed) 34-21 TB
*TB - TD: Derrick Brooks 44 yard interception return (Martin Gramatica kick) 41-21 TB
*TB - TD: Dwight Smith 50 yard interception return (Martin Gramatica kick) 48-21 TB
Johnson finished the game with 18 out of 34 completions for 215 yards and 2 touchdowns, with 1 interception, along with 10 rushing yards. Pittman was the top rusher of the game with 129 yards. Alstott was the game's second leading rusher with 15 yards and a touchdown, and had 5 receptions for 43 yards. Wide receiver
Keyshawn Johnsonwas the Buccaneers' leading receiver with 6 catches for 69 yards. Smith recorded 2 interceptions, 94 return yards, and 2 touchdowns. He also added another 23 yards on a kickoff return.
Gannon finished the game 24 out of 44 for 272 yards and 2 touchdowns, but was intercepted a Super Bowl record 5 times. Garner was their leading rusher, but with only 10 yards, and caught 7 passes for 51 yards. Rice was the Raiders' leading receiver of the game with 5 catches for 77 yards and a touchdown. Wide receiver
Marcus Knightreturned 8 kickoffs for 143 yards. Jerry Riceand Bill Romanowskijoined Gene Upshawas the only players to appear in Super Bowls in three different decades. Rice played in Super Bowls XXIII, XXIV, and XXIX. Romanowski played in Super Bowls XXIII, XXIV, XXXII, and XXXIII. The Raiders became the first team to appear in Super Bowls under four different head coaches. John Rauchcoached them in Super Bowl II, John Madden coached them in Super Bowl XIand Tom Florescoached them in Super Bowl XVand XVIII.
The teams combined for the most second half points in a Super Bowl with 46 (28 for Tampa Bay and 18 for Oakland) and the second most total points in a game with 69, tying Dallas and Buffalo who combined for 69 points in
Super Bowl XXVII.
In Oakland, after the Raiders' loss,
*Head Linesman: Dale Williams
*Line Judge: Mark Steinkerchner
*Side Judge: Rick Patterson
*Back Judge: Don Carey
*Alternate Umpire: Scott Dawson
Notes and references
* [http://www.superbowl.com/ Super Bowl official website]
*cite book | title=2006 NFL Record and Fact Book | publisher=Time Inc. Home Entertainment | id=ISBN 1-933405-32-5
* [http://www.sportingnews.com/archives/superbowl/ The Sporting News: History of the Super Bowl] (Last accessed
* http://www.pro-football-reference.com - Large online database of NFL data and statistics
* [http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/super/superbowl-plays.htm Super Bowl play-by-plays] from
* [http://www.sportsnetwork.com/default.asp?c=sportsnetwork&page=nfl/superbowl/2005/superbowl-alltime-odds.htm All-Time Super Bowl Odds] from The Sports Network (Last accessed
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.