- Bidental consonant
Bidental consonants, pronounced with both the lower and upper teeth, are normally found only in
speech pathology. The Extensions to the IPAsymbol is both a superscript and a subscript bridge, IPA| [ ̪͆] .
interdental consonants such as IPA| [n̪͆] , which involve the tongue, there is at least one confirmed attestation of a true bidental consonant in normal language. The Black Seasub-dialect of the Shapsugdialect of Adyghe has a bidental non- sibilant fricativewhere other dialects have [x] , such as "xə" "six" and "daxə" "pretty". Therefore it might best be transcribed phonemically as IPA|/x̪͆/. However, there is no frication at the velum. The teeth themselves are the only constriction: "The lips [are] fully open, the teeth clenched and the tongue flat, the air passing between the teeth; the sound is intermediate between IPA|ʃ and IPA|f" (L&M 1996:144-145). This can be transcribed phonetically as IPA| [h̪͆] , since [h] has no place of articulation of its own.
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