- Mustafa Çelebi
Mustafa Çelebi, also called Düzmece Mustafa (1393-1422) was an Ottoman prince (Turkish: şehzade) who struggled for throne in the early years of the fifteenth century (Çelebi is an honorific title meaning gentleman)
Mustafa was one of the sons of Beyazıt I, the Ottoman sultan. His mother was probably Devlet Hatun, the daughter of bey Germiyanids (Germiyan was the name of an independent Turkish principality in center-west portion of Anatolia. ) After the battle of Ankara in which Ottoman sultan Bayazit was defeated by Temur, Mustafa as well as Bayazit himself was taken as a prisoner of war. While his four brothers were fighting each other during the Interregnum, (Turkish: Fetret Devri) he was held captive in Samarkand (modern Uzbekistan). After the death of Temur he returned to Anatolia in 1405 and secluded himself in the territories of Turkish beyliks.
After the interregnum, Mustafa appeared in Rumeli (European portion of the empire) with the help of Byzantine Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos. He also had the support of Mircea I of Wallachia and Cüneyt Bey of Aydın (ruler of the Aydinid principality). Mustafa asked Mehmet I, who had recently defeated other claimants, to partition the empire. But he was refused and was easily defeated by the forces of Mehmet . He took refuge in Byzantine city of Thessaloniki in 1416. After reaching an agreement with Mehmet, Manuel sent him to the island of Lemnos.
After the death of Mehmet I in 1421, Mustafa felt that he could easily defeat Murat II , Mehmet's son. With the help of Byzantines he captured Gelibolu, the fort which controls the strait of Çanakkale (Dardanelles) and after capturing Edirne the European capital of the empire, he began ruling in Rumeli . He proved that he was indeed Beyazid's son and he gained the support of the governors in Rumeli. Although Murat sent a force on him over the strait of Bosphorous, even Murat's soldiers joined him. Over confident of himself, Mustafa decided to cross the Çanakkale strait and conquer Anatolia, the Asiatic side of the empire.
However in Anatolia, Mihaloğlu (a descendant of Köse Mihal) a partisan of Murat who was very famous in Rumeli encouraged Mustafa partisans to change sides. On the other hand, some of Mustafa's allies notably Cüneyt abandoned him and Mustafa gave up hopes to conquer Anatolia. He escaped to Rumeli. Murat chased him . To cross the strait, Murat asked for the help of Genoa vessels which he paid dearly. Murat's forces soon caught Mustafa. 
Mustafa was hanged just like a common criminal. Although inter dynasty executions were common in Ottoman dynasty, hanging was not a usual treatment for a dynasty member. Probably, Murat tried to emphasize that Mustafa was not his genuine uncle but an imposter. Thus contemporary Ottoman historians call him Düzmece (fake) Mustafa.
- ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye Tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 86-88
- ^ Barker, John (1969). Manuel II Paleologus (1391–1425): A Study in Late Byzantine Statesmanship. Rutgers University Press. pp. 340–344. ISBN 0-8135-0582-8.
- ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye Tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 92-96
- ^ Joseph von Hammer:Osmanlı Tarihi Vol I (condensation: Abdülkadir Karahan), Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul. p 74-78
- ^ Halil İbrahim İnal: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Tarihi,İstanbul, 2008,ISBN078-9944-174-37-4 p 125
Against Murat I (1373)Savcı Bey Ottoman Interregnum (1402–1413)Mehmet Çelebi · Süleyman Çelebi · İsa Çelebi · Musa Çelebi Against Mehmet I (1419)Mustafa Çelebi Against Murat II (1421–1423)Mustafa Çelebi · Küçük Mustafa Against Beyazıt II (1481-1482) Against Beyazıt II (1511–1512)Selim · Ahmet Against Selim I (1512–1513)Ahmet Against Süleyman I (1553–1560)Mustafa · Beyazıt Against Ahmet I (1603-1617)Yahya
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Mustafa Çelebi — Mustafa Celebi, aussi appelé Düzmece Mustafa (1393 1422), est un prince ottoman qui lutte pour le trône au début du XVe siècle. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse 2 Première rébellion 3 Deuxième rébellion … Wikipédia en Français
Çelebi (disambiguation) — Çelebi (also rendered as Čelebi in Bosnian and Chalabi in some Arabic transliterations) is a traditional Turkish honorific, used in the Ottoman period after the given name of a male person and roughly meaning gentleman , originally indicating… … Wikipedia
Mustafa Naili Pasha — (Turkish: Mustafa Naili Paşa or Giritli Mustafa Naili Paşa, literally Mustafa Naili Pasha the Cretan ) was born Polyan in 1798. He was an Ottoman grand vizier who held office twice during the reign of Abdülmecid I, the first time between 14 May… … Wikipedia
Mustafa Kemal University — Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Established 1992 Type Public Rector Prof. Dr. Hüsnü Salih Güder Academic staff … Wikipedia
Mustafa Paşa Mosque — Mustafa Pasha Mosque Mustafa Pasha Mosque Basic information Location Skopje … Wikipedia
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk — Atatürk redirects here. For other uses, see Atatürk (disambiguation). Mustafa Kemal Atatürk … Wikipedia
Mustafa Reshid Pasha — Great Mustapha Rashid Pasha Principal architect of the Tanzimat Hatt ı Sharif of Gülhane ( The Ottoman Imperial Edict of Reorganization, proclaimed on November 3rd, 1839 ). For other uses, see Mustafa Pasha. Mustafa Reshid Pasha (Turkish … Wikipedia
Čelebi Pazar — Rogatica Рогатица Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mustafa Bairaktar — Alemdar Mustafa Pascha Alemdar Mustafa Pascha, auch bekannt als Mustafa Bayraktar ( Fahnenträger ) (* 1755 in Hotin; † 14. November 1808 in Istanbul) war ein türkischer Großwesir. Der Sohn armer Eltern trat in die Armee ein, arbeitete sich durch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mustafa Âlî — Gelibolulu Mustafa Âlî bin Ahmed bin Abdülmevlâ Çelebi (born 1541 Gallipoli; died 1600 in Jeddah) was an Ottoman historian and bureaucrat of Croatian ancestry. He wrote the earliest known biography of Ahmed Bican. He also wrote poetry and… … Wikipedia