Jat Muslim


Jat Muslim
Muslim Jats of Punjab
(Urdu: جاٹ مسلمان)
Total population
32,705,000
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan
Languages

PunjabiSaraikiSindhi • Urdu • English

Religion

Allah-green.svg Islam

Related ethnic groups

• Jat • Jatt Sikh • Jats of Azad Kashmir • Jats of Sindh • Muley Jat • Punjabi Rajputs

Jat Muslims or Musalman Jats or Muley Jat (Urdu: مسلمان جاٹ) are an Indo-Aryan tribal grouping found throughout the Punjab region of Pakistan and India, with many different sub-castes such as Cheema, Warraich, Brar, Rana, Niara, etc.,[1] as well as in western Uttar Pradesh[2] and Gujarat in India,[3] and the provinces of Sindh and Baluchistan in Pakistan and Azad Kashmir.[4] Some Jats, who originally were Hindus, starting converting to Islam from the early Middle Ages onward, and now form the distinct community of Muslim Jats. The Jats constitute one of the most diverse communities in South Asia.[5] and in India are found in Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.[6] They speak Balochi, Hindi, Kutchi, Pahari, Pothohari, Punjabi, Saraiki,Sindhi and Urdu, depending on their location. It is important to note that each Jat community presents unique cultural characteristics, which makes it difficult to generalise about the Jat culturally.[5]

Contents

Origin of the Jat people

A Scythian (Saka) horseman from Pazyryk in Central Asia, c. 300 BC

The Hindu mythological account in Deva Samhita text traces the origin of Jat people to Lord Shiva's locks (see Origin of Jat people from Shiva's Locks), while the earliest mention of the Jat people is in a Pali inscription dated to AD 541 (as Jit).

Conversion of the Jats to Islam

When Arabs entered Sindh in the seventh century, the chief tribal groupings they found were the Jats and Meds. These Jats are often referred as Zotts in early Arab writings. The Jats were the earliest converts to Islam, and many were employed as soldiers by the new Arab Muslim administration in Sindh. The Muslim conquest chronicles further point at the important concentrations of Jats in towns and fortresses of Lower and Central Sindh.[7] Many of these Jat were said to be pastoral nomads, inhabiting the Indus Delta region. It is this region which is still home to a large community of cattle rearing Jat clans.[8]

Between the 10th and the 13th Century, there was large immigration of Jat groups from Sindh northwards to Punjab and eastwards towards what is now Rajasthan. Many Jat clans initially settled in a region known as the Bar country, which referred to the country between the rivers of Punjab, thinly populated with scanty rainfall which accommodated a type of pastoral nomadism which was based primary on the rearing of goats and camels. Between the 11th and the 13th Century, the Jats became essentially a peasant population, taking advantage in the growth of irrigation. As these Jats became converted to peasant farmers, they also started to become Muslims. Most Jats clans of western Punjab have traditions that they accepted Islam at the hands of two famous Sufi saints of Punjab, Shaikh Faridudin Ganj Shaker of Pakpattan or his contemporary Baha Al Haq Zakiriya of Multan. In reality the process of conversion was said to much a slower process.[9] In the territory that now forms the Indian state of Punjab, conversion was said to have occurred from the time of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Different groups of Jats have different traditions as to their conversion to Islam in this region. For example the Jats of Nawanshahr had a tradition that their ancestor was one Mahr Mitha who ruled at Patti in what is now Kasur District. Mahr Mitha was said to have converted to Islam during the rule of Akbar, and as result of conversion, his clansmen followed his example. In neighbouring Ludhiana district, all the conversion were said to have occurred during the rule of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. With many clans only sections converted, and this was seen in the large Garewal clan, who were Muslim in Samrala, while in the northern parts of Ludhiana District were exclusively Sikh.[10]

This process of incremental conversion was seen by the presence of members of a particular clan, some who had become Sikh while others had converted to Islam.[11] In the plains and high plateau of Punjab, there are many communities of Jat, some of whom had converted to Islam by the 19th Century, while others had become Sikh. As a result, some clans such as the Virk are largely Muslim, while others such as Pannun and Bal have Muslim branches, but are largely Sikh.[12] According 1901 Census of India, the Muslim Jats numbered 1,957,000, while Hindu Jats numbered 1,595,000 and Sikh Jats numbered 1,390,00 in the Punjab.[13]

Social Organization

In some parts of Pakistan, the word Jat is synonymous with agriculturist, this is especially the case in the Seraiki speaking south west of Punjab.[14] The Jat Muslims are organized into thousands of clans, referred to as got or sometimes gotra, tracing their descent through paternal lines, often to common distant male ancestor. In Multan District, the 1881 Census of India found more than 368 clans.[15] Those Muslim Jat settled in the Punjab tend to farmers, while in other regions such Sindh and Kutch they include pastoralist.

Muslim Jat in Folklore

Muslim Jats gave birth to romances such as Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiba which are sung by all Jats and have been immortalised in Waris Shahs poetry book Heer that tells the story of the love of Heer and her lover Ranjha.

Distribution

Historically, Muslim Jat clans predominated in western Punjab, in areas which now are found in Pakistan.[12]

The Pothohar region is home to many tribes with multiple identities. For example, Dhamial, Janjua, Langrial, Chhina, Nathyal and Bangial would in some instances call themselves Rajputs, and other instances call themselves Jats. In Jhelum District, Jat identity was fairly strong, and these tribes tend to consider themselves Jats.[citation needed]

In the Bar regions, i.e., the plains between Ravi and Chenab rivers (the Sandal Bar, Kirana Bar and Neeli Bar), the term Jat referred to any nomadic pastoralist, and the Kharal, Wattu, Manes, Sials, Kathia and Johiya would sometimes call themselves Rajputs, sometimes Jat. The Waseer, Dhami and Wahiniwal clans were the only ones who only called themselves Jats. In the 19th century, the British settled several Jats from central Punjab, including many from Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Jalandhar, into the Bar region, creating the modern canal colony districts of Faisalabad and Sahiwal.[16]

In the south of Punjab, there were several Saraiki-speaking Jat clans, such as the Jakhar, Khar, Daha, Dhandla, Makwal, Bohar, Ghallu, Kanju, Samtia and Sandhila[citation needed]

Eastern Punjab (Indian Punjab) was also home to a number of Muslim Jat clans, and almost all the major clans (such as the Sandhu, Sidhu, Heer, Maan, Dhami, Dhillon, Gill and had Muslim branches, although these clans were predominantly Sikh.[citation needed]

After independence of Pakistan in 1947, nearly all Jat Muslims of East Punjab, Haryana and other parts of northern India migrated from India and settled in Pakistan. The Muley Jat, who originate from Haryana also form a distinct group.[citation needed]

Major Jat clans

Below are brief descriptions of the main Jat clans in Punjab:[17]

Aheer
The Aheer have two theories of their origin. Some claim descent from Qutub Shah, who is also the ancestor of the Awan tribe, while other connect themselves with the Yaduvanshi Ahirs tribe of North India. They are found in Khushab, Chiniot, Sargodha, Mianwali, Jhang, Bhakkar and Faisalabad districts.
Ahlawat
The Ahlawat were part of a group of Muslim Jat clans, known as the Mulla, who were found in Haryana. Like other Jat and Rajput clans of Haryana, they emigrated to Pakistan after partition. They are now found mainly in Okara district.
Arar
The Arar claim descent from a Mughal nobleman. They are found in Dipalpur.

Arnyal

The Arnyals are a Jat clan from Southern Azad Kashmir, Jhelum and the surrounding area; their name is more widely pronounced as Ranyal.
Assoun
Like many other Jat clans, the Assoun claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found mainly in Gujranwala District.
Athru
One of the many small Jat clan settled in Jhelum District.
Atwal
The Muslim Atwal were found mainly in Jalandhar, Amritsar and Kapurthala districts of East Punjab. Like other Jat clans, they emigrated to Pakistan after the partition. They are now found mainly in Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh Districts.
Aulakh
One of the largest Jat clans found in the Punjab. Muslim Aulakh were found mainly in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana district. The Aulakh also are an important Saraiki-speaking Jat clan in Layyah District. like other Muslim Jats of East Punjab, they moved to Pakistan after partition in 1947.
Bachhal
The Bacchal claim descent from Taoni Rajputs. Muslim Bacchal were found in Ambala District prior to partition. They are now found mainly in Gujranwala and Sargodha diastricts.
Badhan
The Badhan claim descent from the Dogras of Jammu. They are found in Jhelum, Gujarat and Sialkot districts. There were also a few Badhan villages in Gurdaspur prior to partition.
Baghar
The Baghiar are found in Sargodha District, mainly in Shahpur Tehsil.
Baidwan
The Baidwan are said to be of Sikh origin. Baidwan were found in Ambala and other districts of Haryana. They are now found scattered in Okara, Kumbra, Mataur, Mauli, Sohana, Sahiwal, Vehari and Multan and Mohali district.
Bains
The Bains claim descent from the Janjua Rajputs, and are one of the larger Jat clans. Prior to partition, the Muslim branch of this clan extended from Rawalpindi in the west to Hoshiarpur in the east. Many Bains Jat are also settled in the canal colony districts of Faisalabad and Sahiwal. After partition, Muslim members of this tribe moved to Pakistan. The Bains are the largest Jat clan in Rawalpindi District.
Bajwa
Bajwas are found in all tehsils except Daska. In the Sialkot tehsil they inhabit the Bhagowal zail only. In the Zafarwal tehsil they are grouped around Chawinda, in the Raya tehsil around Narowal, while in Pasrur they are found mainly in the northwest with headquarters at Kalaswala.
Bal
One of the largest Jat tribe, found throughout the central districts of Lahore, Kasur, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala and Okara. Prior to partition, Muslim Bal were also found in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Ludhiana. Many have also settled in the canal colony districts of Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sargodha.
Bandechha
The Bandechha or Badecha claim Suryavanshi ancestry. They were found in Sialkot, as well as Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar district. They are now found mainly in Faisalabad and Sahiwal.
Bangial
The Bangial claim Parmar Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Gujarat and Gujranwala district. Many Rawalpindi Bangial claim to be Rajputs.
Baryar
A small Jat clan found mainly in Mandi Bahauddin and Sargodha districts.
Basra
The Basra claim to be of Saroya Rajput ancestry. Found mainly in villages around Pasrur in Sialkot District, and in neighbouring Gujranwala District. Some also settled in the canal colony districts of Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sargodha in the 19th century.
Batth
The Batth are found in villages of the Lahore District.
Bhachar
The Bhachar are found mainly in Wan Bhachran in Mianwali District. They claim descent from the Khokhar Rajputs.
Bhadiar
The Bhadiar claim SuryavanshiRajput ancestry. Found mainly in Sialkot and Gujarat districts.
Bhagwal
The Bhagwal claim Mughal ancestry. Found mainly in Gujarat and Jhelum districts.
Bhalli
A Jat clan found mainly in Sialkot District.
Bhangu
The Bhangu or Bhangoo or Bhango are prominent Jat clan and original inhabitants of the Punjab. Muslim Bhangu are found in different areas of the pakistani province of Punjab (Districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Jhang, Kasur, Sahiwal), Sindh (Khairpur District), Sarhad, and Kashmir with large number of villages and land holdings.
Bhidwal
The Bhidwal are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan found in Bhakkar District.
Bhinder
The Bhinder are found mainly in Gujranwala and Sialkot districts. Bhinders from Ludhiana and Jalandhar are settled in Faisalabad.
Bhukar
A Jat clan found in Jhelum and Multan districts. They are one of the major Jat clans of the Pothohar region.
Bhullar
The Bhullar, together with the Heer/Hayer and Maan, are considered the oldest Jat clan. They were found as far east as Patiala, and far west as Sargodha.
Bhutta

]the bhutta are found in [sailkot] dist [kotli bhutta] villag,

The Bhutta are found throughout southern Punjab; they are one of the largest Saraiki-speaking Jat clans. They claim descent from Suryavanshi Rajputs. The Pirzada family of Bahawalpur belong to this clan.
Bohar
The Bohar claim descent from the Parmar Rajputs. They are the main Jat clan of the Cholistan desert, and are found in Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan districts.
Boparai
The Muslim branch of Boparai Jatts are living in Pakistani Punjab and Indian Punjab. In Pakistani Punjab the Boparai jatts are located in Faisalabad district and Toba Tek Singh district. There are some Boparai Jatt families who have moved to Lahore in the last few years and in the Sheikhupura district.
Buttar
One of the larger Jat clans, found throughout the central districts. Prior to partition, a good many were found in Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana.
Chadhar
One of larger Jat clans, found mainly in Jhang, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Sahiwal, and Toba Tek Singh. The Chadhar claim descent from the Agnivanshi Rajputs. A few Chadhar Jats were also found in Firuzpur district.
Chahal
One of the larger Jat clans, found throughout central Punjab. The Chahal are also found in Jhelum and Gujrat Districts. They were also one of the larger Muslim Jat clan in East Punjab.
Chatha
The Chatha are found in Sialkot, Gujranwala, and Sargodha district. They are the largest Jat clan in Rawalpindi District. A few Muslim Chatha were also found in Patiala.
Chattar
The Chattar are found in Narowal District. They claim descent from the Dogras.
Chohan
Chohan/Chauhan is a unique Jat and Rajput clan that originated from the ancient Chauhan Rajputs of North India. Chauhan Jats are descendents of ancient Chauhan Rajputs whose ancestors chose farming and family over the sword. Most Chohan Jats follow the Sikh Faith
Cheema
One of the very big Jat caste in Punjab Pakistan are the Cheemas. They are known for decades the National and Punjab government / cabinets have had a major number of Cheema leaders. The main concentration of the Cheema tribe are Gujranwala and Sialkot districts and Bahawalpur and Tehsil Yazman.
Chhachhar
The Chhachhar claim descent from a Mughal nobleman. They are found in Kasur, Okara, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Multan, Sahiwal and Muzaffargarh district.
Chhajra
The Chhajra claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan, found mainly in Muzaffargah, Layyah, Multan, Rahim Yar Khan and Rajanpur districts.
Chhina
The Chhina are completely distinct from the Cheema, although the two clans are often confused. They claim descent from the Johiya Rajputs. The Chhina are found throughout Punjab. Historically, the Chhina were also found in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Jalandhar districts of East Punjab. In west Punjab they were found in Lahore, Sargodha, Gujranwala, Gujarat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Mianwali. The Chhina are one of the larger tribes of the Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi. In Bhakkar, they occupy the northern third of the district. In Multan, they were one of the larger of the Saraiki-speaking tribes.
Dab
The Dab are a small Jat clan found mainly in Shorkot Tehsil.
Daha
The tribe claims descent from Daha, who was said to be a Muslim holyman, who married the daughter of Parihar Rajput. They does claim kinship with the Bohar and Parhar Jats, who are also of Parihar Rajput ancestry.They are found mainly in Vehari, Khanewal,D G Khan,D I Khan,Faisalabad, Multan and Rajanpur districts.

In Rajanpur District, their main village is Kotla Daha. In Muzaffargarh District, their main villages are Mahiwal Daha, Sardar Mohammed Daha, Mohammed Daha, Chak Ali Daha and Ali Daha.

Dahba
The Dahba claim descent from the Janjua Rajputs. They are found mainly in Gujrat District.
Daher
The Daher claim Rajput ancestry. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan and are found in Jhang, Chiniot, Sargodha, Muzaffargarh, Bahawalpur and Multan districts.
Dandiwal
The Dandiwal are a clan that claims Chauhan Rajput ancestry. The Muslim branch was found in Hissar District, and they were one of the larger Mulla Jat clans. They are now found mainly in Okara, Vehari and Sahiwal districts.
Dawana
The Dawana are a major clan of the Rajput tribe. They are originally from Ludhiana and migrated to Punjab in 1012. After a number of wars they shifted to Jhang and surrounding areas.
Deo
The Deo claim Suryavanshi Rajput ancestry. They are found throughout central Punjab, and prior to partition, were also found in Amritsar and Jalandhar districts. They are closely connected to the Sohal and Deol clan.
Dhaliwal
The Dhaliwal or Dhariwal are a major Jat clan in Mandi Bahauddin district. They are also found in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore and Narowal. Prior to partition, a good many were also found in Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur and Amritsar.
Dhamial
The Dhamial claim descent from the Janjua Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhelum District and the Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi District.
Dhandla
The Dhandla claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Layyah District.
Dhandu
The Dhandu claim descent from the Panwar Rajputs. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat tribe, found mainly in Bahawalpur District.
Dharni
Dharni's came into the Punjab region from the present central Asia.
Dhillon
Another famous central Punjab tribe, found in Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Shaikhupura, Sargodha and Gujrat districts. Prior to partition, found through East Punjab as well.
Dhindsa
The Dhindsa claim descent from the Saroha Rajputs. They are found mainly in Gujarat, Sialkot and Faisalabad districts. Prior to partition, they were also found mainly in Gurdaspur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Patiala districts.
Dhotar
The Dhotar are found mainly in Gujranwala District. They claim close connection with the Sekhon Jats.
Dhudhi
A tribe of Bar nomads claiming Parmar Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sargodha, Sialkot, Jhang, Vehari, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Okara districts.
Dosanjh
The Muslim branch of the Dosanj were found mainly in Kapurthala and Jalandhar districts. They are now found mainly in Faisalabad district.
Dudhra
A Jat clan found in Gugrat and Sailkot districts.
Duggal
A small Jat clan found in Mandi Bahauddin and Sargodha districts. They should not be confused with the Khatri Duggal clan, which is entirely distinct.
Gahi

Gahi is a Saraiki speaking small tribe mainly found in [Khushab] District descents from central Asia

Ganjial

Ganjial are a Rajput/Jatt tribe found in Gujrat, Khushab, and Jhelum districts of Punjab, Pakistan and a few are also found in Azad Kashmir. According to the tribes tradition, they are a sub clan of the Khokhar Rajputs.

Ghallu
A Saraiki-speaking Jat clan found mainly in Multan, Rahim Yar Khan and Muzaffargarh districts. They trace their descent from a Rajput prince.
Ghuman
The Ghumman are a tribe of Janjua Rajputs ancestry. They are descendants of Raja Ghumman Khan Janjua. They are found primarily in Sialkot and Gujranwala districts. Prior to partition, Muslim Ghuman were also found in Gurdaspur and Amritsar. They use the title of Raja, Rana, Rai or Chaudhary.
Gill
One of the larger Jat clans. Historically, the Gills were found as far west as Sargodha and far east as Patiala. Many also settled in the canal colonies of Faisalabad and Sahiwal. They remain the third largest Muslim Jat tribe, after the Sandhus and Sidhus.
Godara
The Godara were another Mulla Jat clan found mainly in Hissar and Sirsa. Like other Mulla Jat clans, they emigrated to Pakistan after partition.
Gondal
The Gondal are found mainly in Mandi Bahauddin, Gujarat, Jhelum, Chakwal and Sargodha districts. They claim descent from the Chauhan Rajputs. The Gondal of Rawalpindi claim to be Rajputs. Makhdoom due to family of Hazrat Makhdoom Burhanuddin (RA) are also descent from the Gondal. The Gondal are one of larger Jat clans of Northwest Punjab.
Goraya
The Muslim branch of the Goraya were found mainly in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur districts. They settled in the 19th century in the canal colonies districts of Sargodha, Sahiwal and Faisalabad and also settled in the 18th century in Mirpurkhas (Deh 160 Digri)Sindh.
Grewal
The Grewal Jat claim Chandel Rajput ancestry. The Muslim branch of the Grewal were concentrated in Ludhiana District. They are now scattered in Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sargodha districts.
Gujjral
The Gujral Jat claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found in Gujrat and Jhelum districts. The Jat Gujjral have no connection with the Khatri Gujral, although both communities originate in the Jhelum region.
Hal
The Hal clan are found in Jhelum District.
Hamooka
A Jat clan claiming Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Sargodha, Khushab and Chakwal districts.
Hanjra
The Hanjra were found mainly in Gujranwala, Lahore and Amritsar districts. They are also the largest Jat clan in Muzaffargarh District.
Hans
The Hans clan claims descent from a Qureshi Arab who settled in Pakka Sidhar in Sahiwal District. His descendants intermarried with the Jat tribes of the neighbourhood, and as such became Jat. Found in Sahiwal, Khanewal, Layyah and Bhakkar districts.
Heer or Hayer
The Hayer generally pronounced as Heer (and spelled Hayre), are one of three original or Asl clans of the Jat, the other two being Bhullar and Maan. They are among the Punjabi-speaking Jat clans of central Punjab, and also among the Saraiki-speaking tribes.
Heer
Heer,Hir, Heir, Her, Hayer, Haer is gotra of Jats found in Punjab (India), Haryana and Pakistan. They originated from Heer Syala place.The Jat Gotra 'Heer' and 'Her' are the same. 'Her' is originated from 'Heers'.
Hundal
The Hundal claim descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They were found mainly in Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts. Hundal villages in Gurdaspur were in Shakargarh Tehsil, which is now in the Narowal District. The Amritsar Hundals are now founded mainly in Faisalabad District.
Hunjan
The Hunjan Jats claim Georgian origin.
Jai
A Saraiki-speaking Jat clan, found mainly in Multan and Khanewal districts.
Jajja
They are descendants of King Jajja of Kashmir 748-751 A.D.[18] They are prominent in the Jutt family. There are twelve villages of the Jajja family in District Sialkot. Most of them are on the western side of Qila Suba Singh, now called Qila Kalarwala-Pasrur Road, and to the eastern side of BRB Canal. They are Jats. No other Jat clan or other landlord family is found in any of these villages except the Jajjas. Landowners are only Jajjas. Villages are Khan Jajja, Mohrikey Jajja, Ooncha Jajja, Ghanokey Jajja, Hussa Jajja, Lodhikey Jajja, Jeowali Jajja and some villages in Bahawalpur tehsil Yazman Chak 62DB, 68DB, 63DB, 89DB, etc.
Janjua Jat
Janjua Jat are mainly found in Gujarat, Faislabad, Mianwali in Pakistan and in Haryana of India
Jakhar
Some Jakhar claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs, others from the Chauhan Rajputs. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan, found in Layyah, Muzaffargarh, Bhakkar, Multan and Khanewal districts.
Jandral
The Jandral claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Jhelum and Chakwal districts.
Jandran
The Jandran claim that they are converted to Islam from Sikhism. Some claim to be Jat and some claim to be Mughal. The tribe is found mainly in Jhang, Khanewal, Vehari, Lahore, Lodhran and Faisalabad districts of Punjab. The main villages of the tribe are Jandran in Sargodha District, and Jandran Khurd and Jandran Kallan in Okara District.
Jhammat
The Jhammat claim descent from the Parmar Rajputs. They are found in Sargodha, Jhelum, Khushab, Bhakkar and Layyah districts.
Jhawari
The Jhawari claim descent from the Khokhar Rajputs. They are found in Sargodha, Mandi Bahauddin and Khushab districts.
Jhujh
The Jhujh claim descent from the Chauhan Rajputs. They are found in Mandi Bahauddin, Okara, Sahiwal and Sargodha districts. Mong (Mandi Bahaudin), Pipli Bakka Jhujh (Sargodha), Jhujh Khurd and Jhujh Kalan (Okara) are the main villages of this clan. They are classified as an agricultural Mohammadan Jat clan,[19] and found in Montgomery (Sahiwal)and Shahpur districts.
Johal
The Muslim Johal were found mainly in Amritsar, Ludhiana and Jalandhar. Some had also settled in Faisalabad in the 19th century. They are now found in Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Toba Tak Singh districts.
Juta
The Jat are a small clan, found mainly in Shorkot Tehsil, and neighbouring Toba Tek Singh District.

;Khokhar"

The Khokhar are found mainly in District Multan, Khushab and Mianwali. Some Khokhar Used Malik and Chaudhary as surname

Kadher

The Kadher are found mainly in District Mandi Bahauddin and in Nanakana Sahib. In Mandi Bahauddin there is a union council by the name of Kadher (UC:22 Kadhar). In district Nankana Sahib there is only one village where the Kadher live (Burj Bibi). The word Kadher is also sometimes written as Kadhar.

Kahlon
The Kahlon are found mainly in Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Amritsar Districts. They are now scattered throughout central Punjab.
Kallu/ Kallah
The Kallu / Kallah are found mainly in Sargodha and Khushab district. A few were also found in Amritsar and Jalandhar prior to partition.
Kalhora
Kalhora or Sarai, originally a Jat tribe, also known as Doddi Lati, which gave a dynasty to Sind and is still represented in Dera Ghazi Khan. Its ancestors were darweshes who followed the tenets of the Sayyid Muhammad, the Junpuri, a noted teacher, and one of them, Harmus, espoused a daughter of the Abara Jats of Sind, receiving a grant of land as her dower. His son or grandson. Shaikh Nasir, and his son Shaikh Din Muhammad established their temporal and spiritual authority over the Abara territory in Upper Sind. His brother Yar Muhammad threw off all allegiance to the Mughals, seized the Siwistan sarkar of Thatha, the Siwi mahali of Bakhar in the Multan Province, and Dihar, and wrested the title of Khudayar from the Mughal authorities. His descendant Nur Muhammad drove the Daudpotras out of the zamindari of Lakkhi, in the Bakhar mahal. In 1736-37 the Lati Khan, Khudayar received the province of Thatha, together with the southern part of the Bakhar sarkar, but two or three years later he was stripped of two-thirds of his territory by Nadir Shah. After Nadir Shahs death however the Khudayar assumed authority over all Sind, under the nominal suzerainty of the Durranis, but their rule was short-lived. Nur Muhammad Kalhora was succeeded on his death in 1762 by his son Muhammad Murad, but he only ruled for five years and was deposed by the Talpur Baloch, who set up his brother Mian Ghulam Shah (1757-58). An attempt by his brother Attar Khan to regain Sind, under the authority of a Durrani grant, failed, Ghulam Shah died in 1771, while superintending the erection of the fortress of Haidarabad in Sindh, after a stormy reign of 15 years. He had in 1758 allowed the East India Company to establish a factory in Sindh, but Sarfarz Khan, his son and successor, cancelled the permit in 1775. A year previously he had caused Bahram Khan, head of the Talpurs, and one of his sons to be assassinated, and this led his dethronement, in or about 1786.[20]
Kalyal
The Kalyal claim descent from the Chandravanshi Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhelum, Chakwal and Rawalpindi districts, and are the second largest Jat clan in the region, after the Gondal. Like other Jat clans of the Pothohar region, many claim to be Rajput.
Kalyar
The Kalyar claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs. They are the principal tribe of the Kirana Bar. They are found in Sargodha, Jhang, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Faisalabad districts.
Kang
The Kang are one of the larger Jat clans. They claim descent from Jogah, who was also an ancestor of the Sohal and Natt Jats. They are found in Lahore, Shaikhupura, Sialkot, Gujrat, Sargodha, Narowal, Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts. Prior to partition, many Muslim Kang were also found in Amritsar, Firozpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts.
Kanyal
The Kanyal are another Jat clan from the Pothohar region. They claim descent from the Minhas Rajputs. They are found mainly in Jhelum, Gujrat and Rawalpindi districts.
Kathia
Originating from Parmara Rajputs, the Kathia are a unique Jat tribe. They are

found in Pakistan's districts of Jhelum, Sahiwal, and Mandi Bahauddin. They have been present in these regions of Punjab since the time of Alexander the Great. They represent a small portion of the total Jat population.

Khaira
The Khaira claim descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are found throughout central Punjab, and prior to partition, were also found in Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. They are now found in Faisalabad, Sargodha, Khanewal, Lahore, Sialkot, Kasur and Gujranwala districts.
Kharal

Kharal have descended from Agnivanshi Panwar Rajput They live mainly in Sandal Bar in the Punjab, Pakistan. The hero of the romantic poem Mirza Sahiban, Mirza, was a Kharal and is known as Mirza Jat throughout the Punjab region.

Khar
The Khar claim descent from the Kharal Rajputs. They are found in Muzaffargarh, Layyah and Bhakkar districts.
Khatarmal
The Khatarmal claim descent from the famous Gakhar tribe. Their ancestor married into the Jat community, and they now considered Jat. They can be found in Jhelum and Gujarat districts.
Khatri
The Khatri are a Mulla Jat clan, who were found in Sonepat and Rohtak. They are now found in Okara and Sahiwal districts. The Khatri Jat have no connection with the famous Khatri tribe of Punjab.
Khingar
The Khinger claim descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are found in Attock, Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts. Like other clans of the Pothohar region, they have a dual identity, some claiming to be Jat, and some to be Rajput.
Khoti
The Khoti claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Jhelum and Chakwal districts.
Kianth
The Kianth are a small Jat clan who claim Rajput ancestry from Rajasthan. They are found in Faisalabad District, Rahim Yar Khan District and Kashmir. The Kianth Jat have no connection with the Kainth caste of India.
Kainth
The kainth Jatts are people who belong to Sikhs as well as hindu. In punjab this name is used in some other classes as well who use to work under real kainth people. In Harayana, most of them are in kaithal.
Kohja
The Kohja claim descent from a Turkish nobleman. They were found in Jalandhar District until partition. They are now found in Jhang District.
Korotaneh
The Korotaneh are clans of jutt ancestry from indoaryan origin .They are living in Sialkot district of Pakistan .They are also found in the area of Indian Punjab.
Lak
The Lak claim ancestry from the Parmar Rajputs. They are found in Sargodha, Khushab, Mandi Bahuaddin and Jhang districts.
Lalli
Lalli is an important Jat clan name and belongs to the White Huns group of the Jats who invaded India in the 6th century. According to the ancient records, one Lalli used to be the governor of the Afghanistan area in the 7th century.
Langrial
The Langrial have a number of traditions. Some claim Rajput ancestry, others claim to be Qureshi Arabs. They are one of the most widespread of the Jat clans, found in Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Multan, Faisalabad, Vehari, Khanewal and Lodhran districts.
Lehal (also spelled Lehel, Lahal, Lehl, Lel or Lahil)
The Lehal are mostly Sikhs and Muslims in east Punjab and Hindu Jats in the Haryana state of India. They are found in the Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ferozpur and Patiala districts of east Punjab. They are also found in Karnal district of Haryana. Some feel that they are related to the Magyar chieftain Lehel, a leader of the Hungarian army who died in 955 in the Battle of Augsburg.
Ladhar
The Ladhar claim are original jat . They are found in Sialkot,Faisalabad and Narowal districts.
Lodhra
Lodhra is an old Jat clan that lives mostly in south and north Punjab. They live in Lodhran District, Multan District, Gujranwala District and Bahawalpur District.
Lodike
The Lodike are a clan of the Kharal Rajputs. They are found in Gujranwala District, where they occupy 82 villages.
Lohanch
The Lohanch are a small Jat clan, found only in Muzaffargarh District.
Lurka
The Lurka are a small Jat clan found in the Sandal Bar region. They are now confined to Faisalabad District.
Makhdoom
The Makhdoom descendant of the Gondal clan, found mainly in Mandi Bahauddin, Gujarat, Jhelum, Chakwal, Hafizabad, Lahore, Gujranwala, Rawalpindi, Malakwal and Sargodha districts. They claim descent from the Chauhan Rajputs.
Maan
The Maan are one of the original Jat clans, together with the Bhullar and Heer/Hayer being known as the Asl or original Jats. They are found throughout central Punjab. Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Firuzpur and Patiala districts. They are now found in Faisalabad, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala, Lahore, Kasur, Okara, Sahiwal and Sargodha districts. The Maan were also found among the Mulla Jat of Karnal District.
Mahil
The Mahil claim Chandravanshi Rajput ancestry. Muslim Mahil were found in Gurdaspur, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Hoshiarpur and Patiala. They are now found in Okara, Khanewal, Sahiwal and Faisalabad districts.
Mahra
The Mahra claim descent from a Mughal nobleman. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan found mainly in Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Layyah districts.
Maitla
The Maitla claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Jhang, Sargodha, Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzafarghar, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Okara and Sahiwal districts.
Majoka
This clan is found at the banks of river Jehlum in the Sargodha District. The ancestry of Majoka clan is not fully clear yet. Majokas claim ancestry from Muslim invaders of India in the seventh century. However, other opinions include a Rajput or Chadhar descent.
Makwal
The Makwal claim Qureshi Arab ancestry. They are found mainly in Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh districts.
Mallana
The Mallana are a Jat tribe found throughout Punjab. They claim descent from a Mughal nobleman.
Malhi
The Malhi claim descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are found mainly in Sialkot District.
Malik
The Malik are a Mulla Jat clan, and are also known as the Ghatwala. They were found in Sonepat and Rohtak in Haryana. Now they are found mainly in Okara, Sahiwal and Vehari districts.
Mamyal
The Mamyal claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found only in Rawalpindi District, principally in the village of Mamyal in Kahuta Tehsil.
Manda
The Manda are found mainly in Sialkot District.
Mangat
The Mangat claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Mandi Bahauddin and Gujrat districts. Muslim Mangat were also found in Ambala and Ludhiana districts. They too have settled in Mandi Bahauddin.
Manj
The Manj claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Mandi Bahauddin and Gujrat districts. Muslim Manj were also found in Ambala and Ludhiana districts. They too have settled in Punjab,Pakistan.
Marath
The Marath claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sargodha and Gujranwala districts.
Minhas

Mainly found in Middle/North Punjab.The Minhas claim descent from the Suryavanshi

Marhal
The Marhal are a Mulla Jat clan. They were found in Samana and Karnal in Haryana, and from this clan came the family of the Nawabs of Karnal. Many have now settled in Hyderabad in Sindh, while others are found in Multan.
Marral
The Marral claim Chauhan Rajput ancestry. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan, and are found in Jhang, Bahawalpur, Multan and Sahiwal districts.
Marrar
Marrar is a Jatt tribe of Pakistan, India. According to the book Glossary of tribes Castes of Punjab and NW Province Marrars were Sombansi Rajputs. The Marrars in Gujrat say they came into the Punjab from Samana, India in the service of Moghul King Akbar who settled them in the Gujrat district of Punjab.
Matharu
The Matharu claim Jadaun Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Patiala districts.
Mathyal
The Mathyal (sometimes pronounced Matial or Matyal) are Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts.
Mekan
The Mekan claim Parmar Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sargodha, Jhang, Jhelum and Chakwal districts.
Nanda Jats are said to be of Georgian, Tatar, Kazakh and Chechen origin. They are mostly found in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Okara, Islamabad, etc.
Nagra
The Nagra are connected with the Cheema clan, and claim Chauhan Rajput ancestry. They are found in Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot districts.
Nagyal
The Nagyal claim Minhas Rajput ancestry. They are found in Jhelum, Chakwal, Gujrat and Rawalpindi districts.
Naich
The Naich claim Rajput ancestry. They found in Bahawalpur, Sadiqabad, Kabirwala, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Bhakkar and Khushab districts of Punjab. The Naich are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan.
Nain
The Nain are a Mulla Jat clan. They were found in Patiala, Bhatinda and Hissar. Like other Mulla Jats, they moved to Pakistan after partition. They are now found mainly in Multan, Sahiwal and Okara districts.
Narwa/Narma

Narwa/Narma are a Jatt/Rajput Clan in Gujrat Kashmir Rawalpindi and Narowal. According to tradition they are descended from a Raja Karan whos other son found the Thathal Clan.

Naswana or Nissowana
The Naswana (also pronounced Nissowana) claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Chiniot, Jhang, Sargodha and Faisalabad districts.
Nathyal
Nathyals are descendents of Janjua Rajputs* (H.A. Rose 1919).

They are found in the potohar region of Pakistan in the districts of Jhelum, Chakwal, Rawalpindi and Gujarat. There are also found in the districts of Bhimber, Mirpur and Jammu.

Natt
The Natt claim Chandravanshi Rajputs ancestry. They are found in Gujranwala and Sialkot districts.
Naul
The Naul claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Kasur, Sahiwal, Okara, Sheikhupura, Nankana Sahib and Jhang districts.
Niara
The Niara claim to be Jat descendants of King Mirz Haider of Kashmir. Most Niaras will be found in high government positions, while a Niara has also been one of the presidents of Pakistan. They are mostly found in Sialkot, Lahore, Faisalabad, Islamabad, Multan, etc.
Nonari
The Nonari claim descent from the Meer/Barber Rajputs. They are found in Layyah, Bhakkar, Muzaffargarh, Multan, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Rahim Yar Khan districts.
Noon
The Noon claim to be a clan of Bhatti Rajputs. Some consider themselves Jat, while others claim to be Rajput. The Noon of Bhakkar and Layyah generally claim to be Jat, while those of Sargodha and Multan claim to be Rajput.
Padda
The Padda claim descent from the Rajputs. They are found in Sialkot and Narowal districts.
Pannun
The Pannun claim Suryavanshi Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Lahore, Kasur, Gujranwala and Sialkot districts. Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Firozpur.
Pansota
The Pansota have settled in Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh districts. Most of them migrated from Indian city of Hoshiarpur.
Parhar
The Parhar are a Saraiki-speaking Jat clan, found throughout southern Punjab, with a few villages in Sargodha District. They are Parihar Rajputs by origin.
Phogat
The Phogat were another Mulla Jat clan. Muslim Phogat were found in Sonepat and Rohtak. They are now found mainly in Okara, Vehari and Kasur districts.

Punyal

The Punyal are a Jat clan found mainly in Dadayal district of Mirpur Azad Kashmir. They are also found in Gujar Khan area.

Randhawa
The Randhawa claim Jadaun Rajput ancestry. The Randhawa are one of the larger Jat tribes, mainly warriors, Martial Race among Jatt, found in Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala, Sheikhupura, Lahore and Kasur districts. Prior to partition, Muslim Randhawa were also present in Amritsar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur [{(Dharam Kot Randhawa)}], Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Patiala districts. There are several villages of Randhawa in Mirpurkhas, Badin, Nawab Shah and Sangarh districts in Sindh.
                                                                                                  ;Raju
The Rajus are Muslim Jat clan. They claim descendent from the Kshatriya Rajput ancestry.They are mostly found in Sangla Hill(Nankana Sahib) , Gojra(Toba Tek Singh) and Bahawalpur.Villages by the name of Raju are Rajubela,Rajuvala,Rajulu,Rajuvaal.
Ranjha
The Ranjha claim descent from the Bhatti Rajputs. They are found in Mandi Bahauddin, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sargodha districts. The tribe is famous for producing Deedo Ranjha, the main character in the legend of Heer Ranjha.
Ranyal
The Ranyals are predominantly found in the Jhelum region, extending north to Mirpur. Like many clans from the Potohar area, some Ranyals/Arnyals claim to be of Rajput Janjua descent.
Sagla
The Sagla claims Panwar Rajput ancestrry. They are found in Sahiwal District.
Sahi
In Pakistani Punjab the Sahi are mainly found in Sialkot district, especially in the Daska tehsil of Sialkot. Some of the Sahi Jatts are located in Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sahiwal and Jhelum.
Sahotra
The Sahotra are found both among the Punjabi-speaking Jats of central Punjab and the Saraiki-speaking clans. They are found in Faisalabad, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan districts.
Samore
The Samore claim Chandravanshi Rajput ancestry. The Muslim Samore were found in jhang, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Firozpur districts. They are now found in Sialkot, Narowal, Lahore, Multan,Jhang and Faisalabad districts.They are warrior men,They live in tribes,They are also known as Maher,They kept horses.
Samtia
The Samtia claim Rajput ancestry. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat tribe found in Bhakkar, Layyah and Muzaffargarh districts.
Sandhal
The Sandal are small Saraiki-speaking Jat clan in Mailsi in Vehari District.
Sandhila
The Sandhila claim Rajput ancestry. They are a Saraiki-speaking Jat tribe found in Layyah, Bhakkar, Multan, Lodhran, Dera Ghazi Khan and Khanewal districts.
Sandhu
The Sandhu are the largest Muslim Jat clan. They are found throughout central Punjab in many villages. They have played a significant role in the social and political spectrum of Pakistan. Many renowned Sandhu families lives in Lahore District (also known as Majha). They also have a considerable presence in Sheikhupura District, Sialkot District, Gujranwala District, Gujrat District and Faisalabad District (although the Pakistani Sandhu Jatts are the descendants of Sandhus who migrated from Punjab and Haryana).
Sangha
The Sangha are Jats from an Indo-Scythian background. Most of the Sangha Jats live in and around Moga, Jalandhar, Ferozepur, Kapurthala, Sialkot, Muridke, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Multan and Kharian.
Sarai
The Sarai claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found throughout central Punjab, mainly in Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sargodha, Shaikhupura and Faisalabad districts.
Saroya
The Saroya are found in Gujranwala, Lahore and Faisalabad.
Sial
The Sial tribe are a branch of Jatt originating predominantly from the Jhang District of northern Punjab, Pakistan. The Sials are predominantly Muslims; there are also Christian, Sikh, Hindu Sials.
Sidhu
The Sidhu are the largest Muslim Jat clan in the Punjab. According to the 1911 Census of India, one-third of the Sidhu were Muslim and rest were Sikh. They were found throughout central Punjab, stretching from Sargodha and Gujarat in the west to Karnal in the east. Lahore was and remains a stronghold of the tribe. In addition to Lahore, they are found in Kasur, Okara, Vehari, Sahiwal, Faisalabad, Jhang, Sargodha, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mandi Bahauddin and Narowal district. They are also found in Sanghar District of Sindh. The Sidhu claim a common origin with the Bhatti Rajput.
Sikhana
The Sikhana are found in Khipro, Sanghar District, Sindh.
Sindhu
The Sindhu Jat Clan is the Ancient Indo-Aryan Jat Clan of North West India. The name of the River Indus or Dariyae Sindh was in the Ancient History of India "Sindhu". The Sindhu Jats is a Mix Jat Clan of Hindu, Muslim and Sikhs and living mostly in the north and North-West of India in many Indian States and Pakistan as well as in the Overseas Countries Australia, Canada, Germany, UK and U.S.A. too.
Sipra
The Sipra are a clan of Gill Jats. They are found in Jhang, Chiniot, Sargodha and Faisalabad districts.
Sohal
The Sohal claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They were found in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Firuzpur and Jallandhar districts. Like other Muslim Jats from east Punjab, they migrated to Pakistan after partition. In addition to Gujranwala, Sialkot and Lahore, they are also found in Faisalabad and Sahiwal districts.
Soomra
The Soomra are a large Jat tribe of possible Arab ancestry. They are found throughout southern Punjab, with concentrations in Layyah and Rajanpur district. They are sometimes confused with the Samra of central Punjab; the two are in fact entirely distinct tribes. In Sindh, the Soomra or Soomro are the largest Sindhi tribe, found throughout the province.
Takhar
The Takhar claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sialkot, Narowal and Gujrat districts.
Talokar/Thalokar
The Talokar/Thalokar are a clan of Jat who claim to be the brothers of Sial and Tiwana (Tila.Sila and Taloka). That tribe accepted Islam on the hand of Baba Farid Shukar Gunj, who came from India and first settled near Bhera, village known as Kalara and Kurrar Talokar. Later they came west and settled permanently on the east side of the Indus River, known as Bakharra (Kacha) and Ding/Khola (Thal), now in Mianwali.
Tatlah
The Tatlah claim Hajuah Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sialkot, Narowal and Gujarat districts.
Tatri
The Tatri claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Mandi Bahauddin and Sargodha districts.
Thaheem

The Thaheem tribe is descended from an Arab tribe, the Banu Tameem. They migrated to present day Pakistan along with Muhammad Bin Qasim. A majority speak the Seraiki language. The Bafan community of Gujarat claim descent from the Thaheem tribe. Currently majority of thaheem belong to South Punjab (Pakistan) & Sindh Province. In Punjab, Their Major areas are Khanpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan, Sargodha, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, (Baghi Wala) Kamalia.

Thathal
Thathal/Thothal is a Jatt/Rajput clan. The Thathals claim Suryavanshi Rajput ancestry from a Raja Karan. According to tradition they are descended from a Raja Karan, whose other son founded the Narwa/Narma tribe. They are found in Jhelum, Gujarat, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Narowal, Azad Kashmir and Mirpur districts.
Tiwana
The Tiwana tribe, like many in Punjab, have both Rajput and Jat identity. The Khushab branch of the Tiwana claim to be Parmar Rajputs. Prior to partition, there were a fair number of Muslim Tiwanas in Patiala District. Most of these Tiwanas claim to be Jat. The Patiala Tiwanas migrated to Pakistan after partition. They are now found mainly in Sargodha district.
Toor
The Toor Jat claim Tomar Rajput ancestry. In fact, Toor is a shortened form of Tomar. Most of the Toor Jats were found in Amritsar and Jalandhar. They are now found mainly in Lahore, Gujranwala and Faisalbad.
Tulla
The Tulla claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Gujrat, Jhelum and Mandi Bahauddin districts.
Uppal
The Uppal claim Rajput ancestry. They are found mainly in Lahore, Gujranwala and Faisalabad districts.
Uttera
The Uttera claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found in Multan, Lodhran and Rahim Yar Khan districts.
Utra
The utra claim Jats ancestry. They are found in Mainwali, khanewal, Bahaker, Khushab, Lodhran,and D.G.khan districts.
Ves Jats
Ves Jats are said to be of Turkish origin.
Virk
In Punjab (Pakistan), a majority of Virks live in the Sheikhupura district and some are scattered in Sialkot District. There is a small village in Sialkot known as Virk, inhabited by Virk Jats. Virks still control the city of Sheikhupura (the ancient Virkgarh), both politically and economically. In India, Virks are mainly concentrated in the Karnal district of Haryana. Prominent Virk families are concentrated in villages around Tehsil Assandh, District Karnal, and a few are temporarily living in Patiala District.
Wahiniwal
The Wahiniwal claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sahiwal and Faisalabad districts.
Waiha
The Waiha claim Bhatti Rajput ancestry. They are found in Bahawalpur.
Wahla
The Wahla claim descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They are found in Sialkot and Narowal districts. The literal meaning of Wahla is said to be "one excellent warrior". They were said to be the ancient rulers per various ancient traditions, accounts and modern researchers. From the perspective of the Subcontinent, they date back to an ancient independent and powerful state that existed around the 1st century AD. Wahla was the name of the king of that state, from whom all the Wahlas in the world have descended.
Waraich
The Waraich are said to be of Chauhan Rajput ancestry. The original name of this tribe was 'Chang' and gave their name to the Jhang district but no longer occupy that area. They are a major tribe in the Gujarat district and are also found in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha and Faisalabad districts and politically very active . Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Jalandhar districts. There are also many Sikh people from this tribe.
Waseer
One of the ancient Jatt tribes, found both in India and Pakistan. The Waseers claim descent from the Parmar Rajputs. They accepted Islam before Hazrat Deewan Shah Chaawali Mashaaikh. They are found mainly in Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Okara, Vehari, Ghotki (Sindh) and Toba Tek Singh districts.
Kamoka
This is one of the sub-cast of Jatts . The big amount of Kamoka's are now live in Pakistan. Their forefathers come from India to Pakistan during British rule.

Notable Muslim Jatts

Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan The first prime minister of Pakistan.

Faiz Ahmad Faiz An intellectual, poet, and one of the most famous poets of the Urdu language.

Barrister Sultan Mahmood The first Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

Lord Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed Member of the House of Lords, having become the United Kingdom's first Muslim life peer in 1998.

See also

References

  1. ^ A History of Pakistan and Its Origins by Christophe Jaffrelot, Gillian Beaumont
  2. ^ Rivalry and Brotherhood Politics in the Life of Farmers in North India by Dipankar Gupta Oxford India ISBN 0 19 56401 9
  3. ^ People of India State series 22 Gujarat / general editor, K.S. Singh ; editors, R.B. Lal Volume II
  4. ^ The Jat of Pakistan by Sigrid Westphal-Hellbusch
  5. ^ a b Encyclopedia of medical anthropology: health and Illness in the World's Cultures , Volume 2 Jat by Sunil Khanna pages 777 to 783
  6. ^ Rivalry and Brotherhood Politics in the Life of Farmers in North India by Dipankar Gupta Oxford India ISBN 0 19 56401 9
  7. ^ Al Hind The Making of the Indo Islamic World Volume I by Andre Wink pages 154 to 160
  8. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam Article on Djats page 488
  9. ^ Al Hind The Making of the Indo Islamic World Volume II by Andre Wink pages 241 to 242
  10. ^ Punjab District Gazetteer - Ludhiana and Malerkotla State 1904 page 56
  11. ^ The Gazetteer of the Jullundur District and Kapurthala State 1904 page 78
  12. ^ a b History of Pakistan and its origins by Christophe Jaffrelot pages 207 to 209
  13. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India Provincial Series Punjab Volume 1 pages 48 to 49 1908
  14. ^ History of Pakistan and its origins by Christophe Jaffrelot pages 207 to 209
  15. ^ Gazetteer of Multan District 1923 to 1924 pages 92 to 93
  16. ^ A Gazetteer of Montgommery District Part a 1935
  17. ^ A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of Punjab and North Western Frontier Province Volume I to III by H. A Rose
  18. ^ Cultural and Political History of Kashmir Culture and Political History of Kashmir, by Prithivi Nath Kaul Bamzaiby, pages 118, 131, 221.
  19. ^ HA ROSE GLOSSARY OF CASTES AND TRIBES OF PUNJAB AND NWF, page 887.
  20. ^ A Glossary Of The Tribes And Castes Of The Punjab And North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose. page 440
  • Census Of India 1911 Volume XIV Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
  • 'A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province' by H.A. Rose, Page 354, published in 1919.

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