George Grenville

George Grenville

Infobox Prime Minister
honorific-prefix = The Right Honourable
name=George Grenville

order=Prime Minister of Great Britain
term_start =16 April 1763
term_end =13 July 1765
monarch =George III
predecessor =The Earl of Bute
successor =The Marquess of Rockingham
birth_date =birth date|1712|10|14|df=y
birth_place =Westminster, London
death_date =death date and age|1770|11|13|1712|10|14|df=y
death_place =London
alma_mater =Christ Church, Oxford
order2=Chancellor of the Exchequer
term_start2=16 April 1763
term_end2=16 July 1765
monarch2=George III
predecessor2=Sir Francis Dashwood, 2nd Bt.
successor2=William Dowdeswell|
George Grenville (14 October 1712 – 13 November 1770), was a British Whig statesman who served in government for the relatively short period of seven years, reaching the position of Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was one of the few prime ministers (others include William Pitt the Younger, Sir Winston Churchill, George Canning, Spencer Percival, and William Gladstone) who never acceded to the peerage.

Grenville was the second son of Richard Grenville and Hester Temple (later the 1st Countess Temple). His elder brother was Richard Grenville-Temple, later the 2nd Earl Temple. Grenville received his education at Eton College and at Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to the bar in 1736. He entered Parliament in 1741 as member for Buckingham, and continued to represent that borough till his death.

In Parliament he subscribed to the "Boy Patriot" party which opposed Sir Robert Walpole. In December 1744 he became a lord of the admiralty in the administration of Henry Pelham. He allied himself with his brother Richard and with William Pitt the Elder (Richard's brother-in-law) in forcing their leader to give them promotion by rebelling against his authority and obstructing business. In June 1747 Grenville became a Lord of the Treasury, and in 1754 Treasurer of the Navy and Privy Councillor.

As Treasurer of the Navy in 1758 he introduced and carried a bill which established a fairer system of paying the wages of seamen. He remained in office in 1761, when Pitt (by then created Earl of Chatham) resigned upon the question of the war with Spain, and in the administration of Lord Bute functioned as Leader of the House of Commons. In May 1762 he was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department, and in October First Lord of the Admiralty; and in April 1763 he became First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Prominent measures of his administration included the prosecution of John Wilkes and the passing of the American Stamp Act 1765, which led to the first symptoms of alienation between American colonies and Great Britain. The king made various attempts to induce Pitt to come to his rescue by forming a ministry, but without success, and at last had recourse to Lord Rockingham. When Rockingham agreed to accept office, the king dismissed Grenville (July 1765). He never again held office.

The nickname of "gentle shepherd" was given him because he bored the House by asking over and over again, during the debate on the Cider Bill of 1763, that somebody should tell him "where" to lay the new tax if it was not to be put on cider. Pitt whistled the air of the popular tune "Gentle Shepherd, tell me where", and the House laughed. Though few surpassed him in a knowledge of the forms of the House or in mastery of administrative details, he lacked tact in dealing with people and with affairs.

In 1749 Grenville married Elizabeth Wyndham (before 1731-5 December 1769), daughter of Sir William Wyndham, by whom he had seven children:

*Charlotte Grenville (c. 1754-29 September 1830), who married Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Bt. (before 1754-29 July 1789) on 21 December 1771 and had three children.
*George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, the father of the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
*Thomas Grenville, a Member of Parliament and book-collector
*Elizabeth Grenville (24 October 1756-21 December 1842), who married the 1st Earl of Carysfort (12 August 1751-7 April 1828) on 12 April 1787 and had three daughters.
*William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, who himself later became Prime Minister.
*Catherine Grenville (1761-6 November 1796), who married Richard Griffin (3 June 1751-28 February 1825), later the 2nd Baron Braybrooke, on 19 June 1780 and had four children.
*Hester Grenville (before 1767-13 November 1847), who married the 1st Earl Fortescue on 10 May 1782 and had issue.

tyles from birth to death

*Mr. George Grenville (1712-1741)
*Mr. George Grenville, MP (1741-1749)
*The Hon. George Grenville, MP (1749-1754)
*The Rt. Hon. George Grenville, MP (1754-1770)

ee also



*"The Grenville Papers, being the Correspondence of Richard Grenville, Earl Temple, K.G., and the Right Hon. George Grenville, their Friends and Contemporaries", were published at London in 1852, and afford the chief authority for his life. But see also Horace Walpole's "Memoirs of the Reign of George II" (London, 1845); Lord Stanhope's "History of England" (London, 1858); Lecky's "History of England" (1885); and ED Adams, "The Influence of Grenville on Pitt's Foreign Policy" (Washington, 1904).

NAME= Grenville, George
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Prime Minister of Great Britain (1763 - 1765)
DATE OF BIRTH=14 October 1712
PLACE OF BIRTH=Westminster, London, England
DATE OF DEATH=13 November 1770
PLACE OF DEATH=London, England

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