- Mur (river)
The Mur River near Veržej, Slovenia
Origin Hohe Tauern (Austria) Mouth Drava River near Legrad (Croatia) Basin countries Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary Length 438 km (272 mi) Source elevation 1,898 m (6,227 ft) Mouth elevation 130 m (430 ft) Avg. discharge 166 m3/s (5,900 cu ft/s) at mouth Basin area 13,824 km2 (5,337 sq mi)
The Mur (the river's German name; Croatian, Hungarian, and Slovene: Mura, Prekmurje dialect: Müra, or Möra) is a river in Central Europe rising in the Hohe Tauern national park in Austria with its source being 1,898 metres above sea level, a tributary of the Drava and subsequently the Danube.
The Mur's total length is 438 kilometres (272 mi), of which 295 km is in Austria, 95 km is in Slovenia, and the rest forms the border between Croatia and Hungary. The largest city on the river is Graz, Austria. Portions of the river also form parts of the Austrian-Slovenian, Slovenia-Croatian, and Croatian-Hungarian borders. Its basin covers an area of 13,800 km2 (5,300 sq mi).
In Austria several hydroelectric dams have been constructed for the production of renewable energy.
The river gives its name to the Slovenian region of Prekmurje (literally 'across the Mur') and the Croatian region of Međimurje (literally 'between the Mur'). Cable ferries and ship mills are still found in this area.
In the upper Međimurje area, in the western part of the region, the Mur floods and changes its course rather often, moving slowly toward the north on its left. Here, the biggest forest along the river, the Murščak, is located between Domašinec and Donji Hrašćan (derived from Croatian hrast 'oak').
Since the 4th century BC, there have been reports of floating mills powered by the streams of the river. The ancient technology was adopted later by arriving Slavs and then by Magyars. Several decades ago, in the 1920s and 1930s, many of these mills were still operating along the river. At least one of the old mills, the Babič Mill (Slovene: Babičev mlin) near Veržej, Slovenia, continues to operate to this day.
The Mur is known to carry small quantities of gold, not enough to be suitable for exploitation today, but this was a focus of activity for many people since ancient times. Organized research and exploitation of gold and other local resources was encouraged for the first time in 1772.
- ^ a b "Reke, dolge nad 25 km, in njihova padavinska območja [Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas]" (in Slovene, English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. http://www.stat.si/letopis/1998/01_98/01-10-98.asp?jezik=en.
- ^ "Geographical and meteorological data". Statistical Yearbook. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2009. http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv_Eng/ljetopis/2009/PDF/01-bind.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-10.
- ^ "Daily hydrological report". State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia. http://hidro.hr/hidro_e.php?id=hidro¶m=Podaci_e. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
Hydrography of Slovenia RiversSava - Drava - Kolpa - Savinja - Soča - Mura - Krka - Sotla - Dravinja - Ledava - Pesnica - Idrijca - Ščavnica - Reka - Sora - Vipava - Mirna - Meža -Ljubljanica - Paka - Polskava - Mislinja - Voglajna - Lahinja - Gradaščica - Kamniška Bistrica - Kokra - Radulja - Bolska - Hudinja - Iška - Dreta - Oplotniščica - Pšata - Pivka - Tržiška Bistrica - Fram Creek - Ložnica - Temenica - Dragonja - Rinža - Davča - Nevljica - Sava Dolinka - Velika Krka - Čabranka - Rak - Nadiža Lakes Valleys Canyons and GorgesPekel Gorge - Vintgar Waterfalls Hydrology of Croatia Rivers Lakes Valleys, estuaries,
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mur — may refer to: Mur River (or Mura), a river in Central Europe Mur, Switzerland, a commune in Vaud and Avenches Mur, a large village south of Novi Pazar, Serbia Mur, part of the village of Murzasichle, Poland Mur, alternate Romanization of Mohr,… … Wikipedia
Mur (Fluss) — Mur Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt … Deutsch Wikipedia
River surfing — is the sport of surfing either standing waves or tidal bores in rivers. Claims for its origins include a 1955 ride of 1.5 miles along the tidal bore of the River Severn. [http://www.thelongwave.com/] River surfing on standing waves has been… … Wikipedia
Mûr-de-Bretagne — Mur … Wikipedia
Mur-de-Barrez — Mur de Barrez … Wikipedia
Mur-de-Sologne — Mur de Sologne … Wikipedia
river — [ rive ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • v. 1170; de rive « bord » 1 ♦ Attacher solidement et étroitement, au moyen de pièces de métal. ⇒ enchaîner. « C est ainsi qu ils croupissaient ensemble, rivés au même fer » (A. Daudet). ♢ Fig. Assujettir,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Mur — (mo͝or) also Mu·ra (mo͝orʹə) A river, about 483 km (300 mi) long, of south central Austria, northeast Slovenia, and northern Croatia, where it flows into the Drava River. * * * … Universalium
River Murray — Murray (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Murray. Ne doit pas être confondu avec l autre fleuve Murray d Australie Murray … Wikipédia en Français
River Country — 28° 24′ 41″ N 81° 33′ 53″ W / 28.411325, 81.564681 … Wikipédia en Français