Allgäu Railway (Bavaria)


Allgäu Railway (Bavaria)
Munich–Lindau
Class 218 with TEE 66 in Geltendorf
Class 218 with TEE 66 in Geltendorf
Route number: 970
Line length: 220.9
Gauge: 1435
Voltage: (only 42.1 km to Geltendorf)
15 kV, 16.7 Hz AC
Maximum speed: 160
Legend
Unknown BSicon "KS+BHFa"
0.0 Munich Hbf
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
0.8 München Hackerbrücke
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
1.7 München Donnersbergerbrücke
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
4.1 München-Laim
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
7.4 München-Pasing
Junction to left
to Garmisch-Partenkirchen S6München S6.svg
Junction to left
to Herrsching am Ammersee S8München S8.svg
Junction to right
to Augsburg S3München S3.svg
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
9.9 München Leienfelsstraße
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
11.0 München-Aubing
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
15.9 Puchheim
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
17.9 Eichenau
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
23.0 Fürstenfeldbruck
Bridge over water
Amper
Unknown BSicon "SBHF"
26.2 Buchenau
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
29.0 Schöngeising
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
32.3 Grafrath
Unknown BSicon "SHST"
39.2 Türkenfeld (former station)
Junction from left
Ammersee Railway from Weilheim
Unknown BSicon "S+BHF"
42.1 GeltendorfS4München S4.svg
Junction to left Track turning from right
Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Track turning right
Ammersee Railway to Mering
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
46.2 Schwabhausen (b Landsberg/L)
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
51.2 Epfenhausen
Bridge over water
Lech
Junction from left
Lechfeld Railway from Landsberg am Lech
Station on track
56.2 Kaufering
Junction to right
Lechfeld Railway to Augsburg
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
60.5 Igling
Junction from right
from Augsburg
Station on track
68.0
0.0
Buchloe
Junction to right
to Memmingen
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
6.9 Jengen-Beckstetten
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
12.2 Pforzen
Unknown BSicon "eABZlf"
freight railway to Neugablonz
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
15.1 Leinau
Unknown BSicon "eABZrg"
from Schongau
Bridge over water
Wertach
Station on track
20.3 Kaufbeuren
Station on track
25.7 Biessenhofen
Junction to left
to Füssen
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
29.6 Ruderatshofen
Non-passenger station/depot on track
34.0 Aitrang (former station)
Station on track
43.8 Günzach
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
53.6 Wildpoldsried
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
56.8 Betzigau
Junction from right
Iller Valley Railway from Memmingen
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrg" Unknown BSicon "eABZrf"
to old Kempten Hbf (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "exABZrg" Unknown BSicon "eKRZ"
Außerfern Railway (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Junction from left
Außerfern Railway (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKE" Bridge over water
Iller
Unknown BSicon "exABZrg" Unknown BSicon "eKRZo" Unknown BSicon "exSTRlg"
former route (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "exABZrg" Unknown BSicon "eABZlg" Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Station on track Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Kempten (Allg) Hbf (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "exKBHFe" Straight track Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Kempten (Allg) Hbf (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "eABZrf" Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
line to Isny
Unknown BSicon "eABZrg" Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf"
from old Kempten Hbf (until 1969)
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
66.3 Kempten-Hegge
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
69.4 Waltenhofen
Station on track
74.3 Martinszell fromerly Oberdorf (b Immenstadt)
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
78.6 Seifen (Schwab)
Junction from left
Iller Valley Railway from Oberstdorf
Station on track
84.5 Immenstadt
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
86.6 Bühl a Alpsee
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
91.7 Ratholz
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
96.6 Thalkirchdorf
Enter and exit tunnel
100.8 Oberstaufener Tunnel (124 m)
Stop on track
101.3 Oberstaufen (former station)
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
108.4 Harbatshofen
Unknown BSicon "eABZrg"
from Weiler im Allgäu
Station on track
114.4 Röthenbach (Allgäu)
Unknown BSicon "eABZlf"
to Scheidegg
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
119.1 Heimenkirch
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
121.2 Biesenberg
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
123.6 Opfenbach
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
126.2 Maria Thann
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
127.5 Wohmbrechts
Junction from right
Württ. Allgäu Railway from Aulendorf
Station on track
129.8 Hergatz
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
135.5 Hergensweiler
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
139.1 Schlachters
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
141.1 Rehlings
Unknown BSicon "eBHF"
144.0 Oberreitnau
Unknown BSicon "eABZlf"
Freight line to Reutin
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
147.5 Schönau
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
148.9 Bodolz
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
151.1 Lindau-Aeschach
Junction from right
from Friedrichshafen
Small non-passenger station on track
Lindau-Aeschach junction
Junction both to and from left
Vorarlberg Railway to Bludenz
Bridge over water
Bodensee causeway
End station
152.9 Lindau Hbf

The Bavarian Allgäu railway is railway in the German state of Bavaria, running from Munich to Lindau via Buchloe, Kaufbeuren and Kempten. The southern part of the line runs through the Allgäu region. The section from Buchloe to Lindau was built as part of the Ludwig South-North Railway, one of the oldest lines in Germany.

Contents

Construction and operational history

The 56.18 km-long section of the line from Munich to Kaufering via Pasing and Geltendorf was opened on 1 May 1873. The 11.81 km-long section from Kaufering to Buchloe was opened on 1 November 1872. The 20.3 km-long section from Buchloe to Kaufbeuren were opened on 1 September 1847 as part of the Ludwig South-North Railway from Hof via Augsburg. This was followed by the opening of the 42.52 km-long section to the former terminal station of Kempten on 1 May 1852. The 21.66 km-long section to Immenstadt was added on 1 May 1853. The 16.85 km km-long section to Oberstaufen was opened on 1 September 1853 and the final 51.51 km-long section to Lindau opened on 12 October 1853.[1] The line was originally single-track, but its duplication was completed in 1907. The only section of the line yet electrified is the 42.1 km-long section between Munich and Geltendorf, which is operated as part of the Munich S-Bahn.

Until the mid-1960s, when V200 diesel locomotives were introduced, reducing the travel time between Munich and Lindau by about 30 minutes, the Allgäu line was worked by steam locomotives. High-quality and international express services were hauled by Bavarian S 3/6 (later DB Class 18.4-5) for many decades.

Rail-road buses were used between 23 May 1954 and 31 May 1958, running via rail from Augsburg to Pforzen, Biessenhofen and Roßhaupten, where they transferred to road to continue to Füssen.

Operations

Regional services

Regional Express hauled by DB Class 218 diesel locomotive in Munich Hauptbahnhof on the way to Kaufbeuren on the Allgäu line

All remaining stations on the Allgäu line have at least hourly services, except Günzach, where trains run only two hours. In addition to the Arriva-Länderbahn-Express (ALEX) service from Munich to Lindau, which runs every two hours, supplementary services operate on various sections of the route:

  • Munich-Geltendorf: S-Bahn services every 20 or 40 minutes
  • Munich–Buchloe: Munich–Memmingen route every two hours
  • Munich–Buchloe/Kaufbeuren route every two hours
  • Munich–Biessenhofen: Munich–Füssen route every two hours
  • Buchloe–Biessenhofen: Augsburg–Füssen route every two hours
  • Munich–Immenstadt: some coaches attached to the Munich–Lindau ALEX service (running every two hours) are detached at Immenstadt to run to Oberstdorf.
  • Kempten–Immenstadt: Ulm–Oberstdorf route every two hours
  • Kempten–Lindau: Ulm–Lindau route every two hours
  • Hergatz–Lindau: Augsburg–Lindau route every two hours (on weekends)
  • Buchloe–Lindau: Nuremberg–Lindau route (four pairs of trains) and Nuremberg–Kempten (one pair)

Long-distance traffic

Trans-Europ-Express Bavaria

A Trans-Europ-Express (first class only) service was introduced in the 1969/70 winter timetable, running on the Munich–Lindau–BregenzSt. MargrethenSt. GallenWinterthurZurich (lines 56 and 57), called Bavaria. On the evening of 9 February 1971 a TEE 56 service derailed on the Munich–Zurich route at Aitrang due to speeding, killing 28 people and seriously injuring 42. In 1977, the TEE service was replaced by a "D" (two-class express) service between Zurich and Munich (lines 276 and 277).

EuroCity traffic

EuroCity trains have operated on the line since the introduction of the train type in 1987. Four pairs of EuroCity trains run daily between Munich and Zurich, but they have not had names since 2002. Since the beginning of the 1990s, most EuroCity trains between Munich and Zurich have run via Memmingen to Lindau; currently only a single EuroCity train pair runs via Kempten (trains 196 and 197).

There is also a daily Intercity train pair between Hamburg and Oberstdorf that uses the Buchloe–Immenstadt section of the Allgäu Line. Another InterCity train runs between Magdeburg and Oberstdorf, using the Allgäu line only between Kempten and Immenstadt.

InterCity Express

The German EuroCity trains on the line were replaced by ICE TD (class 605) diesel multiple units in 2001/2002 on the Munich–Lindau–St. Gallen–Zurich route. These trains from the start, however, had significant deficiencies that were resolved only gradually. After 24 July 2003, the authorisation for the series to run on the line was cancelled and EuroCity trains were reintroduced.

Freight traffic

The line is no longer a significant route for international freight. It serves as an important detour route around the Austrian Arlberg railway during disruptions, requiring diesel haulage.

On the line are still some companies that are served several times a week by rail.

Prospects

Allgäu rail project

The Allgäu rail project was launched some years ago to upgrade the line for tilting, but work has now been suspended.

Development of the alternative route via Memmingen and Kißlegg

On 15 February 2008, the German Federal Minister of Transport, Wolfgang Tiefensee and his Swiss counterpart, Moritz Leuenberger signed in Memmingen a Memorandum of Understanding in relation to the development of the Munich–Lindau route, including the electrification of the section between Geltendorf and Lindau Aeschach.[2] This statement was followed on 18 December 2008 by a financial agreement. However, this is not concerned with the Kaufbeuren–Kempten–Immenstadt line, but the alternative route via Memmingen and Kißlegg (Buchloe–Memmingen, Leutkirch–Memmingen and Württemberg Allgäu lines). This means that the Bavarian Allgäu line of would only benefit by the electrification of the Geltendorf–Buchloe (26 kilometres) and the Hergatz–Lindau (23 kilometres) sections.

This means that the current sparse international connections on the Allgäu line via Kempten will eventually be lost entirely. Development of the Memmingen route will commence in 2010 and be completed in 2015. Thereafter, international long distance trains will run through a newly built station in Lindau-Reutin, avoiding the Lindau Hauptbahnhof, which is a terminal station, requiring reversals. The number of tracks of this station will then be reduced. The estimated cost of the project is € 205 million, shared between the German Federal Government, Bavaria and Switzerland.

This upgrade is being built to complement the future Gotthard Base Tunnel. In particular, Switzerland would like to use the Munich–Buchloe–Memmingen–Lindau–Bregenz route as an access route for this new transport axis. The development of the line will reduce the times for passenger services between Munich and Zurich from four hours today to only three hours.

Sources

Notes

References

  • (in German) Handbuch der deutschen Eisenbahnstrecken (Handbook of German railways). Dumjahn. 1984. ISBN 3-921426-29-4. 
  • Bufe, Siegfried (1991) (in German). Allgäubahn, München - Kempten - Lindau (Allgäu Rsilway). Egglham. ISBN 3-922138-41-1. 
  • "Kursbuchstrecke 970" (in German). Die Allgäubahn. http://www.kbs970.de/. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 

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