- Phoenix Shot Tower
Infobox_nrhp | name =Shot Tower
nrhp_type = nhl
caption = Phoenix Shot Tower
lat_degrees = 39
lat_minutes = 17
lat_seconds = 26
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 76
long_minutes = 36
long_seconds = 20
long_direction = W
locmapin = Maryland
October 01, 1969
governing_body = Local
refnum=69000373cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
The Phoenix Shot Tower, also known as the "Old Baltimore Shot Tower", is a red brick
shot tower, 234 ft and 3 inches tall, located near the downtown and Little Italy areas of Baltimore, Maryland. When it was completed in 1828 it was the tallest structure in the United States. The tower was originally known as the Phoenix Shot Tower, then the "Merchants' Shot Tower", and now is called the Old Baltimore Shot Tower.
The Shot Tower lends its name to the nearby Shot Tower/Market Place station on the Baltimore Metro Subway.
The tower was built by Jacob Wolfe [http://www.ce.jhu.edu/baltimorestructures/Shot%20Tower/shot_tower.htm "An Engineer's Guide to Baltimore: Phoenix Shot Tower"] , accessed May 6, 2007] using bricks manufactured by the Burns and Russell Co. of Baltimore.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, laid its cornerstone.
:"For more information on this process, see
shot tower."Molten lead was dropped from a platform at the top of the tower, through a sieve-like device, into a vat of cold water at the bottom of the tower, [http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/baltimore/b29.htm "Shot Tower"] , National Park Service, accessed May 6, 2007] to produce both "drop shot" for pistols and rifles and "moulded shot" for larger weapons such as cannons. [http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/pad/adventure/baltoshot.htm "Baltimore (Phoenix) Shot Tower"] , National Park Service, accessed May 6, 2007] When hardened, dried and polished, the shot was sorted into 25-pound bags. The annual production about 100,000 bags of shot a year, [ [http://www.baltimoremuseums.org/shottower.html Phoenix Shot Tower] , Greater Baltimore History Alliance, accessed May 6, 2007] with the capacity of doubling that in case of war or other high demand.
The tower stopped producing shot in 1892, when a new method of making shot made the tower obsolete. It re-opened for a brief period of production at the beginning of the twentieth century, and then closed for good. [http://www.carrollmuseums.org/pages/3/index.htm Phoenix Shot Tower"] , Carroll Museums, accessed May 6, 2007]
The tower remained the tallest structure in the United States until 1846, when
Trinity Church, New Yorkwas erected. [http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=878&ResourceType=Structure Statement of Significance] at the National Park Service's National Historic Landmark Program website, accessed May 6, 2007] It remained the tallest free-standing masonry structure in the world until 1884, when the Washington Monumentin the District of Columbiawas completed.
In 1921 the tower was purchased for $14,500 by the
Union Oil Company, which planned to tear it down and put a gas station in its place. After strong objections by the community, by 1928 enough money had been raised to purchase the tower and present it to the City of Baltimore.
The tower was designated a
National Historic Landmarkin 1972.
* [http://www.carrollmuseums.org/pages/3/index.htm Phoenix Shot Tower] - web page by Carroll Museums, the organization that maintains the tower as a museum
* [http://www.traphof.org/shot-towers-2/shot-towers-photographs-1.htm Two photos of the tower, around 1900] - Trapshooting Hall of Fame and Museum website, accessed May 6, 2007
* [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/baltimore/index.htm Baltimore, Maryland, a National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage" Travel Itinerary]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Phoenix Shot Tower — Localisation Localisation Baltimore, Maryland Coordonnées … Wikipédia en Français
Shot tower — A shot tower is a tower designed for the production of shot balls by freefall of molten lead, which is then caught in a water basin. The shot is used for projectiles in firearms. hot makingProcessIn a shot tower, lead is heated until molten, then … Wikipedia
Phoenix, Arizona — City Images, from top, left to right: Downtown Phoenix skyline, Saint Mary s Basilica, Arizona Biltmore Hotel, T … Wikipedia
Downtown Phoenix — looking northeast with Camelback Mountain and Four Peaks in the background Downtown Phoenix is the central business district (CBD) of Phoenix, Arizona, United States. It is located near the geographic center of the Phoenix metropolitan … Wikipedia
USS Phoenix (CL-46) — USS Phoenix (CL 46), a Brooklyn class light cruiser, was the 3rd Phoenix of the United States Navy. After World War II the ship was transferred to Argentina in 1951 and was ultimately renamed the General Belgrano . General Belgrano was sunk… … Wikipedia
The Dark Phoenix Saga — Cover of X Men Legends Volume 2: Dark Phoenix Saga (1990), trade paperback collected edition. Art by John Byrne. Publisher Marvel Comics … Wikipedia
Tour à plomb — Une tour à plomb est un bâtiment en forme de tour, spécialement conçu, sur le principe de la Tour d impesanteur pour la production industrielle de la grenaille de plomb destinée à remplir les munitions (cartouches) de chasse ou de ball trap.… … Wikipédia en Français
Baltimore — This article is about the city in Maryland. For the surrounding county, see Baltimore County, Maryland. For other uses, see Baltimore (disambiguation). City of Baltimore Independent city … Wikipedia
List of streets in Baltimore, Maryland — Contents A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · K · L · M · … Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in South and Southeast Baltimore — NRHP listings in South and Southeast Baltimore Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing … Wikipedia