Ambiguities in Chinese character simplification

Ambiguities in Chinese character simplification

A relatively small number of Chinese characters known as (Chinese (PRC)): 简繁一对多; (Chinese (Taiwan)): 簡繁一對多 do not have a one-to-one mapping between their simplified and traditional forms. This is because the simplification process merged two or more distinct characters into one. In most cases, the characters all have the same pronunciation, but their meanings may be completely unrelated.

As a result, converting text from simplified to traditional characters is difficult to automate, especially in the case of common characters such as ⇄後后 (behind, empress), ⇄表錶 (table, clock), ⇄奸姦 (traitor, rape) and more.

By far less common are traditional characters that map to two simplified characters.

The following is an exhaustive list of all characters whose simplified and traditional forms do not map in a one-to-one manner. Simplified characters are marked with a pink background, and traditional characters with light blue.


1 to 2

⇄板闆  ⇄杯盃  ⇄辟闢  ⇄表錶  ⇄別彆  ⇄卜蔔  ⇄布佈  ⇄才纔  ⇄彩綵  ⇄參蔘  ⇄沖衝  ⇄虫蟲 

⇄丑醜  ⇄仇讎  ⇄出齣  ⇄村邨  ⇄粗麤  ⇄酬醻  ⇄當噹  ⇄黨党  ⇄澱淀  ⇄弔吊  ⇄冬鼕  ⇄發髮 

⇄范範  ⇄豐丰  ⇄谷穀  ⇄雇僱  ⇄刮颳  广⇄廣广  ⇄哄鬨  ⇄後后  ⇄夥伙  ⇄獲穫  ⇄幾几  ⇄飢饑 

⇄跡蹟  ⇄奸姦  ⇄姜薑  ⇄借藉  ⇄盡儘  ⇄據据  ⇄捲卷  ⇄克剋  ⇄困睏  ⇄夸誇  ⇄羅囉  ⇄累纍 

⇄厘釐  ⇄漓灕  ⇄梁樑  ⇄了瞭  ⇄霉黴  ⇄彌瀰  ⇄蔑衊  ⇄么麼  ⇄麽麼  ⇄蘋苹  ⇄僕仆  ⇄鋪舖 

⇄朴樸  ⇄簽籤  ⇄確确  ⇄舍捨  ⇄沈瀋  ⇄勝胜  ⇄術朮  ⇄松鬆  ⇄他祂  ⇄嘆歎  ⇄壇罈  ⇄你妳 

⇄體体  ⇄同衕  ⇄涂塗  ⇄團糰  ⇄喂餵  ⇄為爲  ⇄纖縴  ⇄鹹咸  ⇄弦絃  ⇄綉繡  ⇄須鬚  ⇄熏燻 

⇄醃腌  ⇄葉叶  ⇄傭佣  ⇄湧涌  ⇄游遊  ⇄於于  ⇄余餘  ⇄籲吁  ⇄郁鬱  ⇄欲慾  ⇄御禦  ⇄願愿 

⇄岳嶽  ⇄雲云  ⇄贊讚  ⇄臟髒  ⇄扎紮  ⇄占佔  ⇄折摺  ⇄征徵  ⇄證証  ⇄志誌  ⇄制製  ⇄致緻 

⇄鍾鐘  ⇄種种  ⇄周週  ⇄註注  ⇄準准  ⇄塚冢  ⇄庄莊  ⇄澀澁  ⇄蠶蚕  ⇄懺忏  ⇄噸吨  ⇄趕赶 

⇄構构  ⇄櫃柜  怀⇄懷怀  ⇄壞坏  ⇄極极  ⇄繭茧  ⇄家傢  ⇄價价  ⇄潔洁  ⇄驚惊  ⇄臘腊  ⇄蠟蜡 

⇄簾帘  ⇄憐怜  ⇄嶺岭  ⇄撲扑  ⇄秋鞦  ⇄千韆  ⇄確确  ⇄擾扰  ⇄灑洒  ⇄曬晒  ⇄適适  ⇄聽听 

⇄窪洼  ⇄網网  ⇄旋鏇  ⇄踴踊  ⇄優优  ⇄症癥  ⇄朱硃  ⇄薦荐  ⇄離离  ⇄鹵滷  ⇄氣气  ⇄聖圣 

⇄萬万  ⇄與与  ⇄擺襬  ⇄蟣虮  ⇄籬篱  ⇄濘泞  ⇄惡噁  ⇄托託  ⇄嚥咽

1 to 3

⇄曲麯麴  ⇄升昇陞  ⇄蘇囌甦  ⇄系係繫  ⇄嘗甞嚐  ⇄胡鬍衚  ⇄畫劃划  ⇄回迴囘  ⇄匯彙滙  ⇄里裡裏 

⇄歷曆厤  ⇄裊嫋嬝  线⇄缐線綫  ⇄向嚮曏  ⇄只隻衹  ⇄它牠祂

1 to 4

⇄并並併竝  ⇄采埰寀採  ⇄厂庵厰廠  ⇄乾干幹榦  ⇄蒙懞濛矇  ⇄面麵麪麫  ⇄復複覆复  ⇄萲蕿蘐藼

1 to 5

⇄鬥斗鬪鬦鬭  ⇄臺台檯枱颱

2 to 1

⇄著着  ⇄兒(ní)儿(ér)  ⇄乾(qián)干(gān)  ⇄夥伙  ⇄藉(jí)借(jiè)  ⇄瞭(liào)了(liǎo)  Cmbox move.png麽(mó)么(me)  ⇄馀余  ⇄摺折  ⇄徵(zhǐ)征(zhēng)  ⇄画划  ⇄鲶鲇  ⇄沈渖  ⇄碱硷

Special Case

薴(níng) (limonene) has the simplified form 苧;however 苧(zhù) (a type of grass) is a traditional character, which has the simplified form 苎.

薴苧⇄ ⇄ 

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