- Mustafa Abdul Jalil
Mustafa Abdul Jalil
مصطفى عبد الجليل
Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya Incumbent Assumed office
5 March 2011
Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril
Ali Tarhouni (Acting)
Vice President Abdul Hafiz Ghoga Minister of Justice In office
10 January 2007 – 21 February 2011
Prime Minister Baghdadi Mahmudi Personal details Born 1952 (age 58–59)
Alma mater University of Libya Occupation Judge Religion Islam
Mustafa Abdul Jalil or Abdul-Jalil (Arabic: مصطفى عبد الجليل, also transcribed Abdul-Jelil, Abd-al-Jalil, Abdel-Jalil, Abdeljalil or Abdu Al Jeleil) (born 1952) is the Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya, and as such serves as head of state in Libya's caretaker government which was formed as a result of the 2011 Libyan civil war. He is also a spokesman for the city of Bayda. 
From 2007 to 2011, Abdul Jalil was Minister of Justice (officially, the Secretary of the General People's Committee of Justice) under Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. He has been noted in some news media for his stance against various human rights violations in Libya, although others express a different view and accuse him, for example, of intransigence during the appeal by the Bulgarian nurses (that sentence was later converted to life imprisonment and the nurses were eventually released). During the civil war, Abdul Jalil was identified as the Chairman of the National Transitional Council based in Benghazi, although this position was contested by others in the uprising[who?] due to his past direct participation in Gaddafi's government as Minister of Justice for four years until 2011.
After graduating from the department of Shari'a and Law in the Arabic Language and Islamic Studies faculty of University of Libya in 1975, Abdul Jalil was initially "assistant to the Secretary of the Public Prosecutor" in Bayda, before being appointed a judge in 1978.
Abdul Jalil was a judge "known for ruling consistently against the regime," before becoming justice minister in 2007. In January 2010 he attempted to resign on national television over the government's failure to release political prisoners. His resignation was rejected. He resigned on 21 February 2011 after being sent to Benghazi to negotiate the release of hostages taken by rebels, being the first senior official to do so.
In classified US diplomatic cables leaked recently by the website Wikileaks, he is described as open and cooperative. The Gaddafi regime had placed a bounty of 500,000 dinars, roughly US$ 400,000, for his capture.
Stances noted in the media
In August 2010, a representative of Human Rights Watch praised the fact that Abdul Jalil had "has reportedly taken a strong stance against arbitrary arrests and prolonged detention without trial", commenting that:
The Minister of Justice has taken a very good stance on this group of prisoners. He’s publicly criticized the security agencies for continuing to detain prisoners, despite the fact that they have been acquitted by the courts. And, the problem really is that the Internal Security Agency and the Ministry of Interior have been ignoring court orders.
At least 200 others remain detained after serving their sentences or being acquitted by courts. Justice Minister Mostafa Abdeljalil has publicly called for the release of these prisoners, but the Internal Security Agency, which holds them, refuses to comply... Justice Minister Abdeljalil has said that he is unable to order an investigation into abuses by Internal Security Agency Officers because they have immunity. Only the Interior Ministry can waive immunity, but it has consistently refused to do so, he said.
L'Express noted that before being named a minister of justice of Libya in 2007, he was the president of the Libyan Court of Appeal. The paper opined that Abdul Jalil was responsible for the "intransigence" of the court in confirming the death sentences in the "Bulgarian nurses" HIV trial under Gaddafi.
2011 protests and civil war
On 21 February, the privately-owned Quryna newspaper reported that he had resigned over "the excessive use of violence against anti-government protesters".
On 24 February, the BBC reported that, at a meeting of opposition politicians, former military officers and tribal leaders the eastern city of Bayda, Abdul Jalil said there would be no talks with the Libyan leader and called for him to step down immediately.
On 5 March, Reuters reported that Abdul Jalil claimed to have "official contacts with European and Arab (countries)" and that "some countries will announce their recognition" of the National Transitional Council "soon".
On 9 March, Abdul Jalil called for the imposition of a no-fly zone over Libya.
As the Battle of Tripoli tilted in favor of forces answering to the NTC, Abdul Jalil said on 24 August that democratic elections would be held in eight months. He also said that Gaddafi and his sons, once captured, would be tried in Libya prior to being sent to The Hague for trial at the International Criminal Court.
Efforts to form an interim government during the 2011 unrest in Libya
On 24 February, opposition politicians, former military officers, tribal leaders, academics and businessmen held a meeting in the eastern city of Bayda. The meeting was chaired by Abdul Jalil, who quit the government a few days before. The delegates stressed the importance of the national unity of Libya and stated that Tripoli is the capital city. They discussed proposals for interim administration with many delegates asking for UN intervention in Libya. The podium at the meeting displayed the pre-Gaddafi era flag of the Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969).
On 25 February, Al Jazeera reported that talks are taking place between "personalities from eastern and western Libya" to form an interim government for the post-Gaddafi era. On 26 February, it was reported that Abdul Jalil was leading the process of forming an interim government, to be based in Benghazi. Abdul Jalil stated that "Gaddafi alone bore responsibility for the crimes that have occurred" in Libya, he also insisted on the unity of Libya and that Tripoli is the capital. The efforts to form an alternative government have been supported by the Libyan ambassador in the United States, Ali Suleiman Aujali. The Libyan deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Ibrahim Omar Al Dabashi, has stated that he supported a new alternative government "in principle".
The members of the new interim government were to be announced on 27 February at a press conference in the city of Benghazi. Some of the portfolios were to be left vacant for representatives for areas that are still controlled by the Gaddafi-led government. The proposed interim government aims to remain in power for three months after which elections will be held. The new interim government is to include both civilians and persons from the military.
An Al Jazeera English journalist in Benghazi has reported that that a fully fledged interim government will not be formed until Tripoli is under opposition control. This is in contrast to claims made by Abdul Jalil on the previous day about the formation of a provisional government. These comments have now been clarified as his "personal views".
Abdul Jalil was stated to be the head of the National Transitional Council in the Council's founding statement of 5 March 2011.
- ^ a b "Rebel leader calls for 'immediate action' on no-fly zone". CNN. 2011-03-10. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/africa/03/09/libya.civil.war/. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ a b "World leaders - Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments (Libya, as at March 17, 2010)". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/world-leaders-1/world-leaders-l/libya.html. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- ^ "Provisional rebel government leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil". Monsters and Critics. 2011-03-10. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/africa/news/article_1625037.php/PROFILE-Provisional-rebel-government-leader-Mustafa-Abdel-Jalil. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ Not the fears of foreign interference...Al-madina newspaper, Saudi Arabia. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2011-10-10. (Arabic)
- ^ Libyan People's Revolution turn into a war of liberation...Almushahid Assiyasi newspaper. Retrieved 2011-10-10.(Arabic)
- ^ National Transitional Council, members
- ^ a b c Levinson, Charles (10 March 2011). "Rebel Leadership Casts a Wide Net". The Wall Street Journal. Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704629104576190720901643258.html.
- ^ a b "Libyan Islamists seize arms, take hostages". The Sydney Morning Herald. AFP. 21 February 2011. http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/libyan-islamists-seize-arms-take-hostages-20110221-1b19c.html.
- ^ a b "Libyan minister quits over crackdown - report". Reuters. 21 February 2011. http://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFLDE71K1PJ20110221.
- ^ "PROFILE: Provisional rebel government leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil". Monsters & Critics. 10 March 2011. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/africa/news/article_1625037.php/PROFILE-Provisional-rebel-government-leader-Mustafa-Abdel-Jalil. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- ^ Clottey, Peter. "Rights Researcher Calls for Expanded Libyan Prisoner Compensation". 2010-08-08. Voice Of America. http://www.voanews.com/english/news/africa/Rights-Researcher-Calls-for-Expanded-Libyan-Prisoner-Compensation-100231639.html. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- ^ "Public statement: Libya: Carry out UN calls for reform: Government rejects much-needed changes at first Human Rights Council review". 2010-11-17. http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE19/019/2010/en/9c4ece12-cce9-4467-840e-adce71baf595/mde190192010en.html. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- ^ Report prepared by Human Rights Watch for the United Nations Human Rights CouncilUniversal Periodic Review (UPR), dated April 2010
- ^ Alexandre, Lévy (2011-03-29). "Quand le chef des rebelles libyens oeuvrait pour Kadhafi [When the Libyan rebel leader was working for Gaddafi"]. l'express.fr. http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/quand-le-chef-des-rebelles-libyens-oeuvrait-pour-kadhafi_977428.html. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- ^ "Muammar Gaddafi ordered Lockerbie bombing, says Libyan minister". News Australia. 2011-02-24. http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/muammar-gaddafi-ordered-lockerbie-bombing-says-libyan-minister/story-e6frfku0-1226011070628. Retrieved 2011-02-23. citing an original interview with Expressen in Sweden: "Khadaffi gav order om Lockerbie-attentatet [Gaddafi ordered the Lockerbie bombing"]. 2011-02-23. http://www.expressen.se/nyheter/1.2341356/khadaffi-gav-order-om-lockerbie-attentatet. Retrieved 2011-02-23. English translation
- ^ a b "Libya protests: Gaddafi embattled by opposition gains". BBC. 2011-02-24. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12564104. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
- ^ "Libyan rebel Council expects international recognition soon". Reuters. 5 March 2011. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/03/05/us-libya-interim-recognition-idUKTRE72425R20110305.
- ^ "Rebels battle for Tripoli as Kadhafi hides out". RFI English. 24 August 2011. http://www.english.rfi.fr/africa/20110824-rebels-battle-tripoli-kadhafi-hides-out. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- ^ "Discussions under way for provisional government in Libya". Malta Star. 2011-02-25. http://maltastar.com/pages/r1/ms10dart.asp?a=14356. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ a b "Provisional Government Forming In Eastern Libya". NPR. 2011-02-23. http://www.npr.org/2011/02/23/134003954/New-Government-Forms-In-Eastern-Libya. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Libya’s Eastern Rebels, Long-Time Qaddafi Foes, Driving Revolt". Businessweek. 2011-02-25. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-02-25/libya-s-eastern-rebels-long-time-qaddafi-foes-driving-revolt.html. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Terror in Tripoli as pressure builds in Yemen". ABS-CBN News. 26 February 2011. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/02/26/11/terror-tripoli-pressure-builds-yemen. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Live Blog - Libya Feb 26". Al Jazeera Blogs. 2011-02-25. http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-26. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Ex Libyan minister forms interim govt-report". London South East. 2011-02-26. http://www.lse.co.uk/FinanceNews.asp?ArticleCode=77c8l0riig2uluz&ArticleHeadline=Ex_Libyan_minister_forms_interim_govtreport. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Libya envoy to U.S. backs interim government". Reuters. 2011-02-26. http://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFN2613766620110226. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Live Blog - Libya Feb 27". Al Jazeera Blogs. 27 February 2011. http://blogs.aljazeera.net/live/africa/live-blog-libya-feb-27. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Interim Libyan govt wins support". Al Jazeera. 2011-02-27. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/201122702915408866.html#. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Anti Gadhaffi forces form interim government for Libya". Digital Journal. http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/304083. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ Klapper, Bradley (2011-02-26). "Envoy claims Libyans set up caretaker government". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2011/02/26/national/w160736S43.DTL. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Benghazi 'caretaker' government to prepare democratic election in Libya". RIA Novosti. 2011-02-27. http://en.rian.ru/world/20110227/162779544.html. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Libyan Protest Leaders Form National Council in East". Voice of America. 2011-02-27. http://www.voanews.com/english/news/Ex-Libyan-Justice-Minister-Forms-Caretaker-Govt-in-East-117005953.html. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- ^ "Founding statement of the Interim National Transitional Council". National Transitional Council. 2011-03-05. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. http://ntclibya.org/english/founding-statement-of-the-interim-transitional-national-council/. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
- Profile at NTC
- Libya crisis: Profile of NTC Chair Mustafa Abdul Jalil, BBC News, 22 August 2011
- Mustafa Abdul Jalil collected news and commentary at Al Jazeera English
- Mustafa Abdul Jalil collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Mustafa Abdul Jalil collected news and commentary at The Times of India
Political offices Preceded by
as Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution of Libya
Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya
Incumbent Preceded by
Mohamed Abu Al-Quasim al-Zwai
as Secretary General of General People's Congress of Libya
Heads of state of Libya Kingdom of Libya
Libyan Arab Republic
Great Socialist People's
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Current members of the Libyan National Transitional Council National Transitional Council Executive BoardAbdurrahim El-Keib (Interim Prime Minister) · Jalal al-Digheily (partial list) 2011 Libyan civil warPart of the Arab Spring · Timeline (15 February–18 March · 19 March–31 May · June–15 August · 16 August–23 October) Forces BattlesCyrenaicaFirst Battle of Benghazi • First Battle of Brega • Battle of Ra's Lanuf • Battle of Bin Jawad • Second Battle of Brega • Battle of Ajdabiya • Second Battle of Benghazi • First Gulf of Sidra offensive • Third Battle of Brega • Battle of Brega–Ajdabiya road • Cyrenaica campaign • Fourth Battle of Brega • Ra's Lanuf raidFezzanSabha clashes • Fezzan campaign • Battle of Sabha • Ghadames raidTripolitania
First Tripoli clashes • Battle of Misrata • First Battle of Zawiya • Nafusa Mountain Campaign (Battle of Wazzin • Battle of Gharyan) • Battle of the Misrata frontline (Zliten uprising • Battle of Zliten • Battle of Taworgha) • Zawiya raid • Msallata clashes • Rebel coastal offensive (Second Battle of Zawiya) • Ras Ajdir clashes • Battle of Tripoli • Second Gulf of Sidra offensive (Battle of Sirte) • Battle of Bani Walid • Second Tripoli clashes
NATO operations PeopleAnti-GaddafiPro-GaddafiNATOOthers Places, buildings
ImpactCasualties • Domestic responses (Gaddafi's response to the protests – Gaddafi's response to the civil war) • Human rights violations (Rape allegations) • Humanitarian situation (Refugees) • International reactions (International reactions to military intervention – Protests against military intervention – U.S. reactions to military intervention – International reactions to Gaddafi's death) OtherDemocratic Party (Libya) • Libyan Freedom and Democracy Campaign • Media • National Transitional Council • Topple the Tyrants • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 2009 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 2016 • Voice of Free Libya • Zenga Zenga Arab Spring"Ash-sha`b yurid isqat an-nizam" Events by country Notable peopleAlgeria: Abdelaziz Bouteflika • Bahrain: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa – Hasan Mushaima – Ali Salman – Ali Jawad al-Sheikh • Egypt: Hosni Mubarak – Omar Suleiman – Wael Ghonim – Khaled Mohamed Saeed – Gigi Ibrahim – Essam Sharaf • Mohamed ElBaradei – Jordan: King Abdullah II – Marouf al-Bakhit – Samir Rifai • Morocco: Mohammed VI – Abbas El Fassi • Libya: Muammar Gaddafi – Saif al-Islam Gaddafi – Mustafa Abdul Jalil – Mahmoud Jibril – Mohammed Nabbous • Saudi Arabia: Manal al-Sharif • Sudan: Hassan al-Turabi • Syria: Bashar al-Assad – Riad Seif – Hamza Ali Al-Khateeb • Tunisia: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali – Mohamed Bouazizi • Yemen: Ali Abdullah Saleh – Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi – Tawakel Karman – Abdul Majeed al-Zindani – Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar – Sadiq al-Ahmar GroupsBahrain: Al Wefaq • Egypt: April 6 Youth Movement – Kefaya – Muslim Brotherhood – National Association for Change – National Democratic Party – Revolutionary Socialists • Libya: National Liberation Army – National Transitional Council • Saudi Arabia: Umma Islamic Party • Syria: Free Syrian Army – Hizb ut-Tahrir – National Council of Syria • Tunisia: Constitutional Democratic Rally • Western Sahara: Polisario Front • Yemen: Alliance of Yemeni Tribes – Al-Islah – Hashid ImpactOccupy movement • Albania • Armenia • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Burkina Faso • Croatia • Djibouti • Georgia • Greece • India • Iran • Iraqi Kurdistan • Maldives • Mexico • People's Republic of China • Portugal • Spain • Turkey • United Kingdom • United States (2011 Wisconsin protests, Occupy Wall Street) International reactionsUnited Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 2009 • United Nations Security Council Resolution 2014
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mustafa Abdul Jalil — مصطفى عبد الجليل … Wikipedia Español
Mustafa Abd al-Dschalil — Mustafa Muhammad Abd al Dschalil (arabisch مصطفى محمد عبد الجليل, DMG Muṣṭafā Muḥammad ʿAbd al Ǧalīl; * 1952 in Al Baida) ist ein libyscher Politiker. Er war Justizminister unter Muammar al Gaddafi und ist Vorsitzender des Nationalen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mustafa — For other uses, see Mustafa (disambiguation). Mustafa Pronunciation Arabic: [ˈmusˤtˤɑfaː], [musˤˈtˤɑfaː] Egyptian Arabic: [mosˈtˤɑfɑ] English: /mʉˈstɑːfə/, Turkish: … Wikipedia
Moustafa Abdel Jalil — مصطفى عبد الجليل Mandats Président du Conseil national de transition de la République libyenne (11e chef de l État libyen) … Wikipédia en Français
National Transitional Council — For the Congolese entity of the same name, see National Transitional Council (Congo). National Transitional Council المجلس الوطني الانتقالي al majlis al waṭanī al intiqālī … Wikipedia
2011 Libyan civil war — For more details on this topic, see Timeline of the 2011 Libyan civil war. 2011 Libyan civil war Part of the Arab Spring … Wikipedia
Rebelión en Libia de 2011 — Se ha sugerido que este artículo sea renombrado como Guerra de Libia de 2011 . Motivo: varias razones se discuten. (Discusión) Rebelión en Libia de 2011 … Wikipedia Español
Muammar Gaddafi — Gaddafi redirects here. For other people named Gaddafi, see Gaddafi (name). Muammar Gaddafi مُعَمَّر القَذَّافِي Gaddafi at an African Union summit in 2009. Brotherly Leader and Guide of … Wikipedia
List of heads of state of Libya — Libya This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Libya … Wikipedia
Mahmoud Jibril — محمود جبريل Jibril at the World Economic Forum Special Meeting in Jordan 2011 Prim … Wikipedia