Morris Ranch, Texas


Morris Ranch, Texas
Morris Ranch, Texas
Morris Ranch, Texas is located in Texas
Morris Ranch, Texas
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°13′02″N 99°00′44″W / 30.21722°N 99.01222°W / 30.21722; -99.01222Coordinates: 30°13′02″N 99°00′44″W / 30.21722°N 99.01222°W / 30.21722; -99.01222
Country United States
State Texas
County Gillespie
Elevation 1,742 ft (531 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 830
FIPS code 48[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341940[2]

Morris Ranch is a ghost town, located 8.5 miles (13.7 km) southwest of Fredericksburg in Gillespie County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The area was begun as a thoroughbred horse ranch by New Yorker Francis Morris in 1856, and the town grew up around it. In 1962, the school district was merged with Fredericksburg Independent School District, and the Morris Ranch school ceased operations. The Morris Ranch school was designated a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark in 1980, Marker number 10086.[3][4] The school was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas, in March 29, 1983, NRHP Reference #:83003142.[5][6]

Contents

Thoroughbred ranch

In 1856, New York broker Francis Morris bought 23,000 acres (93.08 km2; 35.94 sq mi) of land in Gillespie and Kerr counties for twenty-five cents an acre. He eventually sold off all but 16,000 acres (64.75 km2; 25.00 sq mi), and hired his nephew Charles Morris to manage the acreage for horse breeding. Charles was ranch manager until 1910.[7]

Francis Morris died in 1886. The land was inherited by his son John A. Morris, who spent $500,000 on capital improvements and converted the property into a community dedicated to the business of raising thoroughbred horses. The improvements included a hotel for entertaining influential and important individuals, a general store and post office, a school, a cotton gin, and a flour mill. Approximately 200 mares and ten stallions were at the ranch, with yearling colts either being sold or boarded at the Morris stables in Winchester Park, Maryland. Adjacent to the ranch was a racetrack and living quarters for the jockeys, where Hall of Fame Thoroughbred racehorse trainer Max Hirsch got his start.[8]

New York anti-racing legislation passed in the late 19th Century caused the industry to go into decline, and Morris Ranch along with it. The ranch was inherited by John's sons Alfred and David Morris and eventually by Alfred's son Captain John A. Morris.[9]

Township

Clayton Morris succeeded Charles Morris as manager, and in 1902 sold the horses and subdivided the ranch into tenant cotton farms. Clayton's son Reginald inherited the ranch from his father, but it was no longer a vital business. Although some of the original buildings were still standing in the year 2000, the population began a decline after the subdivision happened. By 1968, no population was listed.[10]

When the Morris Ranch post office opened in 1893, Guy D. Anderson was the first postmaster. He was succeeded by Charles Morris in 1894, who was subsequently succeeded by Clayton Morris in 1910. Clayton Morris served as postmaster until the post office closed in 1954 when the Morris Ranch store was shut down.[11]

The town has been the subject of a ghost story involving the death of Morris Ranch resident Mary Elizabeth Simmons Byrd in 1948.[12][13]

Morris Ranch schoolhouse

Further reading

  • Baker, T. Lindsay (1991). Ghost Towns of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0806121895. 
  • Baker, T. Lindsay (2005). More Ghost Towns of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0806137247. 

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "THC-Morris Ranch School". Texas Historical Commission. http://atlas.thc.state.tx.us/viewform.asp?atlas_num=5171010086&site_name=Morris+Ranch+Schoolhouse&class=5000. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Morris Ranch Schoolhouse". Texas Historic Landmark. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. http://www.9key.com/markers/marker_detail.asp?atlas_number=5171010086. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places-Gillespie Co, Tx". e U.S. Dept. of Interior. http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/TX/Gillespie/state.html#Morris%20Ranch%20Schoolhouse. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  7. ^ Kohout, Martin Donell. of Texas Online "Morris Ranch, Tx community". Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hrm51work=Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Max Hirsch". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhi34. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Kohout, Martin Donell. "Morris Ranch". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/apm03. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Texas Escapes-Morris Ranch". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. http://www.texasescapes.com/TOWNS/Texas_ghost_towns/Morris_Ranch_Hill_Country/Morris_Ranch_i_homestead.htm. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Morris Ranch Postmasters". Jim Wheat. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txpost/gillespie.html. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  12. ^ Byrd, Kenneth. "The Apparition". Gillespie County Historical Society. http://www.txgenweb2.org/txgillespie/appari.html. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  13. ^ Mary Elizabeth Simmons Byrd at Find a Grave

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morris Ranch Schoolhouse, Gillespie County, Texas — Morris Ranch Schoolhouse U.S. National Register of Historic Places Recorded Texas Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Morris House — or Morris Farm may refer to: in the United States (by state) Morris House (Bentonville, Arkansas), listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in Benton County, Arkansas Morris House (Bradford, Arkansas), listed on the NRHP in White …   Wikipedia

  • Ranch Rescue — is a volunteer organization that assists ranchers and owners of property near the United States Mexico border in the protection of their property. The organization claims that the protection is necessary due to damages caused by unauthorized… …   Wikipedia

  • Texas — 31° N 100° W / 31, 100 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Texas — This article is about the U.S. state. For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). State of Texas …   Wikipedia

  • Texas Christian University — Coordinates: 32°42′35″N 97°21′46″W / 32.709605°N 97.362823°W / 32.709605; 97.362823 …   Wikipedia

  • Texas–Indian Wars — The Texas Indian Wars were a series of conflicts between settlers in Texas and Plains Indians. These conflicts began when the first settlers moved into Spanish Texas, and continued through Texas s time as part of Mexico, as its own nation,… …   Wikipedia

  • Texas FFA Association — The Texas FFA Association ( Future Farmers of America ) is one of fifty two state associations of the National FFA Organization. As of the 2006 2007 year, it had the second largest membership enrollment and was second only to California. It also… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Gillespie County, Texas — List of Registered Historic Places in Gillespie County, Texas Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing …   Wikipedia

  • Lubbock, Texas — Infobox Settlement official name = City of Lubbock, Texas settlement type = City nickname = Hub City motto = The Giant Side of Texas imagesize = image caption = Downtown Lubbock in 2005 image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location within the… …   Wikipedia