- Molly Jugadai Napaltjarri
Molly Jugadai Napaltjarri Born c.1954
Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory
Nationality Australian Field Painting
Molly Jugadai Napaltjarri (born ca. 1954) is a Pintupi– and Luritja–speaking Indigenous artist from Australia's Western Desert region. Her paintings are held in major collections including the National Gallery of Australia.
Molly Jugadai was born circa 1954 at Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, eldest daughter of artists Narputta Nangala and Timmy Jugadai Tjungurrayi. The ambiguity around the year of birth is in part because Indigenous Australians operate using a different conception of time, often estimating dates through comparisons with the occurrence of other events. She had a younger sister, artist Daisy Jugadai Napaltjarri, who died in 2008.
'Napaljarri' (in Warlpiri) or 'Napaltjarri' (in Western Desert dialects) is a skin name, one of sixteen used to denote the subsections or subgroups in the kinship system of central Australian Indigenous people. These names define kinship relationships that influence preferred marriage partners and may be associated with particular totems. Although they may be used as terms of address, they are not surnames in the sense used by Europeans. Thus 'Molly Jugadai' is the element of the artist's name that is specifically hers.
Contemporary Indigenous art of the western desert began when Indigenous men at Papunya began painting in 1971, assisted by teacher Geoffrey Bardon. Their work, which used acrylic paints to create designs representing body painting and ground sculptures, rapidly spread across Indigenous communities of central Australia, particularly following the commencement of a government-sanctioned art program in central Australia in 1983. By the 1980s and 1990s, such work was being exhibited internationally. The first artists, including all of the founders of the Papunya Tula artists' company, had been men, and there was resistance amongst the Pintupi men of central Australia to women painting. However, there was also a desire amongst many of the women to participate, and in the 1990s large numbers of them began to create paintings. In the western desert communities such as Kintore, Yuendumu, Balgo, and on the outstations, people were beginning to create art works expressly for exhibition and sale.
Western Desert artists such as Molly will frequently paint particular 'dreamings', or stories, for which they have personal responsibility or rights. Mona's dreamings are Ngatijiiri (budgerigar) and Warna (snake). Her works are of hers and her grandfather's country, the coming of rain, and of native foods in the region.
Molly has participated in a group exhibition at Michael Eather's Fire-Works Gallery, and a solo exhibition at Sydney's Hogarth Gallery, both in 2004. She has participated in numerous group and solo shows since that time. One of her paintings appeared as the cover art for the 2005 monograph ‘Peopling’ the Cleland Hills: Aboriginal history in western Central Australia, 1850–1980.
Molly played a significant role in the establishment of the Ikuntji Artists Aboriginal Corporation, set up in the mid-1990s with the assistance of Marina Strocchi, and she is represented by Ikuntji.
- ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. pp. 213–214. ISBN 1-876622-47-4.
- ^ a b c "Molly Napaltjarri Jugadai". Kte Owen Gallery and Studio. http://www.kateowengallery.com/artists/Mol178/artistBio.htm. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. pp. 10–12. ISBN 1-876622-47-4.
- ^ a b c Martin, Mandy; Libby Robin and Mike Smith (2005). Strata: deserts past, present and future. Canberra: Land & Water Australia. ISBN 095 77481 4 0. http://geography.anu.edu.au/publications/books/pdfs/strata.pdf.
- ^ "Kinship and skin names". People and culture. Central Land Council. http://www.clc.org.au/People_Culture/kinship/kinship.html. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- ^ De Brabander, Dallas (1994). "Sections". In David Horton. Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia. 2. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. p. 977. ISBN 9780855752347.
- ^ Bardon, Geoffrey; James Bardon (2006). Papunya – A place made after the story: The beginnings of the Western Desert painting movement. University of Melbourne: Miegunyah Press.
- ^ Dussart, Francoise (2006). "Canvassing identities: reflecting on the acrylic art movement in an Australian Aboriginal settlement". Aboriginal History 30: 156–168.
- ^ a b Morphy, Howard (1999). Aboriginal Art. London: Phaidon. pp. 261–316.
- ^ Strocchi, Marina (2006). "Minyma Tjukurrpa: Kintore / Haasts Bluff Canvas Project: Dancing women to famous painters". Artlink 26 (4).
- ^ Johnson, Vivien (1994). "Introduction". Aboriginal Artists of the Western Desert: A Biographical Dictionary. Roseville East, NSW: Craftsman House. pp. 7–12.
- ^ Johnson, Vivien (1994). Aboriginal Artists of the Western Desert: A Biographical Dictionary. Roseville East, NSW: Craftsman House. p. 174.
- ^ "Upcoming exhibitions". Ikuntji Fine Art. 2008. http://www.ikuntji.com.au/Exhibitions/exhibitions.asp. Retrieved 6 January 2010. [dead link]
Central and Western Desert art InstitutionsANKAAA · Araluen Centre for Arts and Entertainment · Contemporary Indigenous Australian art · Desart · Hermannsburg School · List of Australian Indigenous art movements and cooperatives · National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Award · Papunya Tula Significant places Artists: womenJosepha Petrick Kemarre · Lucy Napaljarri Kennedy · Emily Kngwarreye · Doreen Reid Nakamarra · Ada Andy Napaltjarri · Biddy Rockman Napaljarri · Daisy Jugadai Napaltjarri · Eileen Napaltjarri · Helen Nelson Napaljarri · Kitty Pultara Napaljarri · Linda Syddick Napaltjarri · Louisa Napaljarri · Molly Jugadai Napaltjarri · Mona Rockman Napaljarri · Ngoia Pollard Napaltjarri · Nora Andy Napaltjarri · Norah Nelson Napaljarri · Parara Napaltjarri · Peggy Rockman Napaljarri · Sheila Brown Napaljarri · Susie Bootja Bootja Napaltjarri · Takariya Napaltjarri · Tjunkiya Napaltjarri · Topsy Gibson Napaljarri · Valerie Lynch Napaltjarri · Wintjiya Napaltjarri · Makinti Napanangka · Dorothy Napangardi · Pansy Napangardi · Naata Nungurrayi · Gloria Petyarre · Kathleen Petyarre · Nancy Petyarre · Minnie Pwerle · Maggie Napaljarri Ross · Barbara Weir Artists: men Major worksEarth's Creation · Warlugulong
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