- Moldova–European Union relations
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Politics and government of
Moldova has strong ties to EU member Romania and Romanian passports (for EU citizenship) are often granted by Romania to Moldovan citizens. The Republic of Moldova actively pursues EU membership, but it is poorer than any other European country and has to resolve issues over its break away region of Transinistra before it can join.
Nevertheless, the EU is developing an increasingly close relationship with Moldova, going beyond co-operation, to gradual economic integration and a deepening of political co-operation The EU has opened an office in Chişinău (the Moldovan capital), and appointed on March 23, 2005, a special representative, Adriaan Jacobovits de Szeged, to Moldova to focus on the resolution of the crisis in Transnistria. The European Commission opened up a new office in Moldova on October 6, 2005, headed by Cesare de Montis. The major strategic priority of Moldova now is membership in European institutions.
Moldova is implementing its first three-year Action Plan within the framework of the ENP of the EU.
The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) represents the legal framework for the Republic of Moldova – European Union relationship. The Agreement was signed on 28 November 1994 and entered into force on 1 July 1998 for the next 10 years. This arrangement provides for a basis of cooperation with the EU in the political, commercial, economic, legal, cultural and scientific areas.
The EU Moldova Action Plan is a political document laying out the strategic objectives of cooperation between Moldova and the EU. It covers a timeframe of three years. Its implementation will help fulfil the provisions in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) and will encourage and support Moldova’s objective of further integration into European economic and social structures. Implementation of the Action Plan will significantly advance the approximation of Moldovan legislation, norms and standards to those of the European Union.
Delegations such as the one in Moldova exist all over the world. Altogether there are over 136.
The Delegation's mandate includes:
- Promotion of the political and economic relations between the countries of accreditation and the European Union;
- Monitoring the implementation of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCA) between the EU and Moldova;
- Informing the public of the development of the EU and to explain and defend individual EU policies;
- Participating in the implementation of the EU's external assistance programmes (mainly TACIS, FSP, ENPI), focusing on the support of democratic development and good governance, regulatory reform and administrative capacity building, poverty reduction and economic growth.
Alliance For European Integration
In August 2009, four Moldovan parties agreed to create a governing coalition, called Alliance For European Integration. The Liberal Democratic Party, Liberal Party, Democratic Party, and Our Moldova have committed themselves to achieving such goals as European integration and promoting a balanced, consistent and responsible foreign policy.
- ^ a b Moldova and EU on the official Moldova site
- ^ Moldova will prove that it can and has chances to become EU member, Moldpress News Agency, June 19, 2007
- ^ 
- ^ Moldova-EU Action Plan Approved by European Commission, 14 December 2004, retrieved 2 July 2007
- ^ EU-Moldova Action Plan
- ^ The Delegation's of the European Commission to Moldova Mandate
- ^ http://euobserver.com/9/32095
- europa.eu foreign relations Moldova-EU
- Delegation of the European Commission to Moldova site
- www.mfa.md - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Moldova RM-EU relations page
- EU-Moldova Negotiations: what is to be discussed, what could be achieved? document
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