Necker Island (Northwestern Hawaiian Islands)


Necker Island (Northwestern Hawaiian Islands)
Necker Island Archeological District
On top of Mokumanamana
Nearest city: Kauai, Hawaii
Area: 45.193 acres (182,890 m2)
Governing body: FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
NRHP Reference#: 88000641[1]
Added to NRHP: June 13, 1988

Necker Island (Hawaiian: Mokumanamana) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean, 8 miles (7.0 nmi; 13 km) north of the Tropic of Cancer, located at 23°34′N 164°42′W / 23.567°N 164.7°W / 23.567; -164.7Coordinates: 23°34′N 164°42′W / 23.567°N 164.7°W / 23.567; -164.7. It is part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, located 155 miles (135 nmi; 249 km) northwest of Nihoa and 430 miles (370 nmi; 690 km) northwest of Honolulu, and is part of the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Monument.

The United States Census Bureau reports its land area as 182,890 square meters, or 45.193 acres (182,890 m2). The island is rocky with steep sides and has very little soil. Its highest elevation is 277 feet (84 m).

Contents

Description

Few signs of long-term human habitation have been found. However, the island contains 33 stone shrines and stone artifacts much like those found in the main Hawaiian Islands. Because of this, many anthropologists believe that the island was a ceremonial and religious site. According to the myths and legends of the people of Kauai, which lies to the southeast, Necker Island was the last known refuge for a race of mythical "little people" called the Menehune. According to the legend, the Menehune settled on Necker after being chased off Kaua'i by the stronger Polynesians and subsequently built the various stone structures there. Visits to the island are said to have started a few hundred years after the main Hawaiian Islands were inhabited, and ended a few hundred years before European contact. French explorer Jean-François de La Pérouse was the first European to visit the island, in 1786. The island is named after Jacques Necker. The islands were formally annexed in 1894 by the Provisional Government of Hawaii.

Because of the island's usage by Native Hawaiians as a ceremonial and religious site in Ancient Hawaii, the island was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

Gallery

References

Further reading

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands — …   Wikipedia

  • Necker Island — may refer to: Necker Island (British Virgin Islands), a private island in the British Virgin Islands owned by Richard Branson Necker Island (Northwestern Hawaiian Islands), an island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands known for its prehistoric… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawaiian Islands — Mokupuni o Hawai‘i True colour satellite image of the Hawaiian Islands …   Wikipedia

  • Necker — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Other 4 See also People Jacques Necker (1732 1804), French statesman …   Wikipedia

  • Jacques Necker — Portrait by Joseph Duplessis, (Château de Versailles) Director General of Finance In office 29 June 1777 – 19 May 1781 …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Islands — The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands (the exact number has yet to be precisely determined). Those islands lying south of the tropic of Cancer but excluding Australia are traditionally grouped into three divisions:… …   Wikipedia

  • Nihoa — For the genus of spiders of the same name, see Nihoa (genus). Not to be confused with Nihao …   Wikipedia

  • Amaranthus brownii — Taxobox name = Amaranthus brownii image caption = image width = 250px status = CR status system = iucn2.3 regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Caryophyllales familia = Amaranthaceae genus = Amaranthus species =… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hawaii — Islands and counties of Hawaii This is a list of properties and historic districts in Hawaii listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A total of 327 NRHP listings appear on all but one of Hawaii s main islands (Niihau being the… …   Wikipedia

  • French Frigate Shoals — Coordinates: 23°44′56″N 166°8′46″W / 23.74889°N 166.14611°W / 23.74889; 166.14611 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.