Arwal district


Arwal district
Arwal district
अरवल ज़िला
State Bihar,  India
Administrative division Magadh
Headquarters Arwal
Area 4,839 km2 (1,868 sq mi)
Population 589,476 (2001)
Population density 918 /km2 (2,380 /sq mi)
Urban population Nil
Literacy 45 per cent[1]
Sex ratio 995
Lok Sabha Constituencies Jahanabad
Major highways NH 98, NH 110
Official website

Arwal district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Arwal town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Sheikhpura and Sheohar.[2]

Contents

History

Recent events

The district is infested with Naxalites, which is one factor that hampers growth of the area besides lack of infrastructure and power. Communism is yet another factor where there is always a tussle between high class and low class of society. There had been a very heinous massacre of Dalit people at Laxmanpur Bathe in 1997. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3]

Geography

Arwal district occupies an area of 637 square kilometres (246 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Foley Island.[5]

Hydrology

Arwal is the unique district of Bihar in the sense of quality of water and its greater availability .As per survey done by the experts underground water of arwal is completely free from the impurities.Water is available at most of the place at much sallower depths this is the reason why most of the households of arwal use to install handpumps in stead of motors snd storage.Excellent transportation,Son river and huge availability of water in Arwal may provide suitable conditions to establishment of industries.

Economy

Economy of the district is totally agriculture-based, and this area does not have any presence of any industry. Paddy, wheat and pulse are the main crops. Though most of the area of the district is well irrigated, due to lack of infrastructure and power, farmers are not benefitted.

Divisions

Arwal district is a part of Magadh division. It came into existence in September 2001 and was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

The five block divisions are Arwal, Karpi, Kaler, Kurtha and Suryapur Vanshi.[6]

Transport

Nearest airport is at Patna and railway station is at Jehanabad. By road, Arwal is linked with Jehanabad, Patna and Aurangabad transport by road.Another major road link is going to start in few months which will connect Arwal with Bhojpur areas after completion of mega son river bridge project.It is having excellent communication facility with other cities of India. NH98 which passes through arwal connects NH2.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Arwal district has a population of 699,563,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan[7] or the US state of North Dakota.[8] This gives it a ranking of 502nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,099 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,850 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.01 %.[2] Arwal has a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 69.54 %.[2]

Culture

Tourism

Being a small district, Arwal has lesser place of interest where you can drop and enjoy the monuments but it offers a scenic and true India in rainy season when paddy is cultivated and farms are full of greenery. Besides, a leisure walk can be taken for hours on the banks of river Son.

Education

Arwal has literacy level of 45%.The level of primary and middle education is satisfactory,but in higher education district has not very good representation.However persons belongings to this district are at higher level like IAS,IITians,top professionals too.It has 3 college,39 high school,187 middle school and 282 primary school under state govt of bihar.Students of this districts are really meritorious it can be judged by excellent representation in matric exams in bihar by producing toppers,producing IITians and top professionals but due to lack of facilities it witnesses low %of success.Some important CBSE Schools/coaching institutes for matric and intermediate located in arwal dist headquarter are-

Assembly of God School of Learning,Arwal,

Oxford Public School,Arwal,

Progressive Coaching Centre(PCC), Arwal/Baidrabad,

Guiding Star coaching centre (GSI),Arwal

See also

References

  1. ^ "Arwal District". District administration. http://arwal.bih.nic.in/dpopulation.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2009/12/naxal-menace-83-districts-under.html. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Foley Island 637km2" 
  6. ^ "Bihar districts:Arwal". Official website of Bihar. http://gov.bih.nic.in/profile/Districts/Arwal.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Bhutan 708,427" 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. " North Dakota 672,591" 

External links


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