- Minjiang dialect
Minjiang dialect 岷江话 Pronunciation [min˨˩tɕiaŋ˥xa˨˨˦] Spoken in China Region Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou and Yunnan Native speakers About 30 million (date missing) Language family Language codes ISO 639-3 –Minjiang is the central light khaki-green area around the cities of Dujiangyan, Leshan, Yibin, Qijiang, Xichong (n), Xichang (sw), and an area to the east.
Minjiang dialect (simplified Chinese: 岷江话; traditional Chinese: 岷江話, local pronunciation: [min˨˩tɕiaŋ˥xa˨˨˦]; pinyin: Mínjiānghuà), is a branch of Sichuanese, spoken mainly in the Minjiang River valley or along the Yangtze River in the southern and western parts of the Sichuan Basin. There is also a language island of Minjiang dialect located in the center of Sichuan Basin covering three counties: Xichong, Yanting, and Shehong.
The most primary characteristic of the Minjiang dialect is that the stop consonants for checked-tone syllables in Middle Chinese have developed into tense vowels to create a phonemic contrast, and in several cities and counties the tense vowels retain a following glottal stop. It also keeps many characteristics of Middle Bashu's phonology and vocabulary. Due to these characteristics, the status of Minjiang dialect is disputed among linguists, with some classifying it as Southwestern Mandarin, and others setting it apart as a successor of Middle Bashu.
Sichuanese DialectsChengdu · Chongqing · Langzhong · BazhongMinjiangLeshan · Yaoling · Youzha · Yibin · Jiangjin · Xichang (disputed)Renshou-FushunZigong · Renshou · RongxianYa'an-ShimianYa'an HistoryBa · Shu · Ba-Shu scripts · Ba-Shu Chinese (Old and Middle Sichuanese) Written SichuaneseSichuanese character · Sichuanese Pinyin · Scuanxua Ladinxua Xin Wenz Ralated languagesSichuanese Hakka · Sichuanese Xiang · Sichuanese Standard Mandarin Chinese language(s) Major
subdivisionsNortheastern · Ji-Lu · Jiao-Liao · Zhongyuan · Southwestern · Lan-Yin · Lower Yangtze · Beijing · Dungan · Xuzhou · Luoyang · Jinan · Karamay · Nanking · Sichuanese · Kunming · Shenyang · Harbin · Qingdao · Guanzhong · Dalian · Weihai · Taiwanese Mandarin · Filipino-Mandarin · Malaysian Mandarin · Singaporean Mandarin · Chuan-puYueother MinDisputedUnclassified
Phonology History Written ChineseOfficialHistorical scriptsOtherList of varieties of Chinese
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