Ming conquest of Yunnan


Ming conquest of Yunnan
Ming conquest of Yunnan
Date 1381-1382
Location Yunnan
Result Ming victory
Belligerents
Ming dynasty Yuan dynasty
Commanders and leaders
Hongwu Emperor
Fu Youde
Lan Yu
Mu Ying
Basalawarmi
Strength
300,000 of Ming Han Chinese and Chinese Muslim troops Thousands of Mongol and Chinese Muslim troops
Casualties and losses
Thousands killed, hundreds of castrations

The Ming conquest of Yunnan was the final phase in the Chinese Ming dynasty expulsion of Mongol Yuan dynasty rule from China in the 1380s.

War

Muslim troops fought in both the Chinese Ming army and the Yuan Mongol army.

300,000 Han Chinese and Hui Muslim troops were dispatched to crush the Yuan remnants in Yunnan in 1381.

The Ming Chinese Muslim General Fu Youde led the attack on the Mongol and Yuan Muslim forces. Also fighting on the Ming side were Muslim Generals Mu Ying and Lan Yu, who led Ming loyalist Muslim troops against Yuan loyalist Muslims.[1]

The Prince of Liang, Basalawarmi committed suicide on January 6, 1382, as the Ming Dynasty Muslim troops overwhelmed the Yuan Mongol and Muslim forces. The Chinese Muslim troops loyal to the Ming dynasty then flooded Yunnan and colonized it. Mu Ying and his Muslim troops were given hereditary status as military garrisons of the Ming Dynasty, and remained in the province.[2]

The Ming Muslim Generals Lan Yu and Fu Youde castrated 380 captured Mongol and Muslim captives after the war.[3] This led to many of them becoming eunuchs and serving the Ming Emperor.[4] One of the eunuchs was Zheng He.[5]

Han Chinese soldiers also crushed the rebellion. The Han then married Han, Miao, and Yao women, their descendants are called "Tunbao", in contrast to newer Han Chinese colonists who moved to Yunnan in later centuries. The Tunbao still live in Yunnan today.[6]

References

  1. ^ Tan Ta Sen, Dasheng Chen (2009). Cheng Ho and Islam in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 170. ISBN 9812308377. http://books.google.com/books?id=vIUmU2ytmIIC&pg=PA170&dq=zhu+yuanzhang+mosques&hl=en&ei=M2I_TNbcJ8P88AbJr-m-Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=zhu%20yuanzhang%20mosques&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  2. ^ Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. p. 34. ISBN 0700710264. http://books.google.com/books?id=hUEswLE4SWUC&pg=PA34&dq=lan+yu+yunnan+muslim&hl=en&ei=UVjMTLHaKIT6lwf05fjiCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  3. ^ Journal of Asian history, Volume 25. O. Harrassowitz.. 1991. p. 127. http://books.google.com/books?ei=MtPrTYuxL8Tk0QH-iNyrAQ&ct=result&id=CC5tAAAAMAAJ&q=lan+yu+fu+youde. Retrieved 2011-06-6. 
  4. ^ Shih-shan Henry Tsai (1996). The eunuchs in the Ming dynasty. SUNY Press. p. 14. ISBN 0791426874. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ka6jNJcX_ygC&pg=PA14&dq=lan+yu+yunnan+muslim&hl=en&ei=UVjMTLHaKIT6lwf05fjiCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=lan%20yu%20yunnan%20muslim&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  5. ^ Shoujiang Mi, Jia You (2004). Islam in China. 五洲传播出版社. p. 37. ISBN 7508505336. http://books.google.com/books?id=XULERYYEJo0C&pg=PA37&dq=lan+yu+yunnan+muslim&hl=en&ei=UVjMTLHaKIT6lwf05fjiCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=lan%20yu%20yunnan%20muslim&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  6. ^ James Stuart Olson (1998). An ethnohistorical dictionary of China. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 340. ISBN 0313288534. http://books.google.com/books?id=IOM8qF34s4YC&pg=PA340&dq=han+soldiers+married+miao+women&hl=en&ei=e9LMTJi5FYOdlgfrn-WtBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=han%20soldiers%20married%20miao%20women&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ming Dynasty — Great Ming 大明 ← 1368–1644 …   Wikipedia

  • Yunnan — Not to be confused with Yunan (disambiguation). Coordinates: 24°30′N 101°30′E / 24.5°N 101.5°E / 24.5; 101.5 …   Wikipedia

  • Yunnan — /yoo nan , nahn /; Chin. /yyuun nahn /, n. Pinyin. 1. a province in S China. 20,510,000; 168,417 sq. mi. (436,200 sq. km). Cap.: Kunming. 2. former name of Kunming. Also, Wade Giles, Yünnan. * * * or Yün nan Province (pop., 2000 est.: 42,880,000) …   Universalium

  • Tibet during the Ming Dynasty — The exact nature of Sino Tibetan relations during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) of China is unclear. Some modern scholars living and working in the People s Republic of China assert that the Ming Dynasty had unquestioned sovereignty over Tibet,… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Yunnan — The history of Yunnan, province in the People s Republic of China, can date back to Yuanmou Man, a Homo erectus fossil unearthed by railway engineers in the 1960s, has been determined to be the oldest known hominid fossil in China. By the… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Ming Dynasty — The History of the Ming Dynasty (zh cp|c=明朝|p=Míng Cháo) covers a period including its rule as the dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol led Yuan Dynasty. At its height, the Ming Dynasty had a population of 160… …   Wikipedia

  • Mongol conquest of the Song Dynasty — Southern Song before Mongol World conquests Date 1235 1279 Locati …   Wikipedia

  • Zheng He — Not to be confused with Zhang He, the Three Kingdoms general. Zheng He Statue from a modern monument to Zheng He at the Stadthuys Museum in Malacca Town, Malaysia. Born 1371 Yunnan, China …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chinese battles — The following is a list of Chinese wars and battles, organized by date. The list is not exhaustive. Contents 1 Ancient China 2 Imperial China 2.1 Qin Dynasty (221 BC–207 BC) 2.2 Chu Han …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Burma — History of Burma Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE Pyu city states 200 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.