Mincha, מנחה (or Minha and other variant English spellings) is the afternoon prayer service in Judaism.
The name "Mincha" is derived from the meal offering that accompanied each sacrifice.
Rabbi Berel Wein (2002) says that Mincha was originated by Isaac, and described in Genesis 24:63 by the words "Isaac went out to converse in the field." where the verb "converse" (שוח suwach) refers to with G-d.
Time frame for recitation
Mincha is different from Shacharit and Maariv in that it is recited in the middle of the mundane day. Unlike Shacharit, which is recited upon arising, and Maariv, which can be recited before going to sleep, Mincha actually becomes an interruption in one's daily life. As a result of this, many Mincha groups have formed in workplaces and other places where many Jews are present during the day.
Mincha may be recited from half an hour after halachic noontime. This earliest time is referred to as mincha gedola (the "large mincha"). It is, however, preferably recited after mincha ketana (2.5 halachic hours before nightfall). Ideally, one should complete the prayers before sunset, although many authorities permit reciting Mincha until nightfall.
While it is permissible to recited mincha after shkia (sunset), the Mishnah Berurah states that is preferable to recite mincha without a minyan before shkia than to recite it with a minyan after shkia.
On Friday, it is not permissible to recite mincha after shkia. This is because Shabbat begins at this time, and Shabbat candles are lit 18 minues prior to shkia. Once Shabbat begins, it is not permissible to recite the weekday Amidah. However one may repeat the Shabbos Maariv and have in mind that the missed mincha is being compensated for through the second Amidah.
Mincha on a weekday exclusive includes prayers found at Shacharit.
Prayers of Mincha include:
- Uva Letzion (on Shabbat and Yom Tov only)
- Torah reading (on Shabbat and public fast days only)
- Tachanun (omitted on Shabbat, Yom Tov, and certain other festive days)
- Tzidkatcha Tzedek (on Shabbat only; omitted on days when Tachanun would be omitted if it were a weekday)
Sephardim and Italian Jews start the Mincha prayers with Psalm 84 and Korbanot (Numbers 28:1-8), and usually continue with the Pittum hakketoret. The opening section is concluded with Malachi 3:4. Western Ashkenazim recite the Korbanot only.
On Yom Kippur, Ashrei and Uva Letzion are omitted from Mincha, and Mincha begins with the Torah reading. Ashrei and Uva Letzion are a part of the Ne'ila service.
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Mincha — (hebr.), ursprünglich »Speiseopfer«, dann das an Stelle dieses Opfers eingeführte Nachmittagsgebet der Israeliten … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Mincha — (hebr., »Opfer«, »Gabe«), ursprünglich Speisopfer, dann das Nachmittagsgebet der Juden … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Mincha — [hebräisch »Gabe«] die, , ursprünglich allgemein das Opfer (1. Mose 4, 3), später besonders das vegetabilische Speiseopfer (z. B. Mehl und Öl). * * * Min|cha, die; [hebr. minḥạ̈ = Gabe, Opfer]: 1. unblutiges Opfer im Alten Testament. 2.… … Universal-Lexikon
Mincha — Als Minchah (hebr. מִנְחָה) wird das Nachmittagsgebet im Judentum bezeichnet. Es ist eines der drei Gebete, die von religiösen Juden täglich verrichtet werden. Die Zeit für die Verrichtung des Nachmittagsgebets ist nur soweit festgelegt, dass es… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mincha — Min|cha die; , ...chot <aus hebr. minḥāh »Gabe«>: 1. unblutiges Opfer im Alten Testament. 2. jüd. Nachmittagsgebet … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
mincha — porción pequeña de algo … Colombianismos
mincha — variant of minhah … Useful english dictionary
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Maariv — For the newspaper, see Maariv (newspaper). Ma ariv minyan in a Jaffa Tel Aviv flea market shop … Wikipedia