Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine
Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Coat of Arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Service branches Ground Forces
Air Force and Aircraft Defence
Headquarters Sarajevo
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Minister of Defence Selmo Cikotić
Chairman of the Joint Staff and Commander Lt. Gen. Miladin Milojčić
Manpower
Military age 18 years of age
Conscription Abolished in 2006
Available for
military service
1,034,367, age 18-49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
829,530, age 18-49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
31,264 (2005 est.)
Active personnel 13,500 (ranked 127)
Reserve personnel 5,000
Deployed personnel  Iraq - 85 (only a dozen of officers)
 Afghanistan - 45
 Democratic Republic of the Congo - 5 (all officers/advisers)
Expenditures
Budget $450 million (2007 est.)[1]
Percent of GDP 4.5% (2005 est.)[1]
Industry
Domestic suppliers Zrak (Optics)
Igman (small arms ammunition)
ORAO A.D. (Turbojet engines and parts)
Unis Promex (ARMAMENT, AMMUNITION and MILITARY EQUIPMENT)
BNT Travnik (small arms ammunition)
GINEX Gorazde (small arms parts of ammunition)

BINAS (small arms ammunition)
FSV - FABRIKA SPECIJALNIH VOZILA A.D (Spare parts for all types of combat vehicles and tank M-84)

Foreign suppliers  United States
 Russia
TurkeyTurkey
China China
 Italy
 Germany
 Romania
Related articles
History Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
History of the Army of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
War in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Patriotic League
Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina
Ranks Military ranks and insignia of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina brigades

The Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine, OSBIH Cyrillic script: Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosnian Armed forces were unified in 2005 and are composed of two founding armies: Bosniak-Croat, Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb, Army of Republika Srpska.

The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded in 2004, is in charge of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are approximately 13,500 active troops, 5,000 reserve troops, and 500 civilian staff.

Contents

Chain of command

The supreme commander of the Bosnian Armed Forces is the current president of Bosnia and Herzegovina thus the Presidency commands the Bosnian Army, then the Bosnian Ministry of Defence with the minister Selmo Cikotić, then the Chiefs of Joint Staff with Sifet Podžić as the head of the chiefs. The BiH Chief of Joint Staff is Lieutenant General Miladin Milojčić. Conscription was completely abolished in Bosnia and Herzegovina effective on and from 1 January 2006.[2]

Defense law

The Bosnia and Herzegovina Defense Law addresses the following areas: the Military of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Government Institutions, Entity jurisdictions and structure, Budget and Financing, Composition of Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, War declaration, Natural disasters, Conflict of interests and professionalism, Oath to Bosnia-Herzegovina, Flags, Anthem and Military Insignia, and transitional and end orders.

History

The AFBiH was formed from three armies of the Bosnian War period: the Bosnian (dominantly Bosniak with numbers of Serbs and Croats) Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bosnian Serb Army of Republika Srpska, and the Croat Defence Council.

The Army of the Republic of Bosnia And Herzegovina was created on 15 April 1992 during the early days of the Bosnian War. Before the ARBiH was formally created, there existed Territorial Defence, an official military force of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and a number of paramilitary groups such as the Green Berets, Patriotic League, and civil defense groups, as well as many criminal gangs and collections of police and military professionals. The army was formed under poor circumstances, with a very low number of tanks, APCs and no military aviation assets. The army was divided into Corps, each Corp was stationed in a territory. First commander was Sefer Halilović.

The Army of Republika Srpska was created on 12 May 1992. Before the VRS was formally created, there were a number of paramilitary groups such as the Srpska Dobrovoljačka Garda, Beli Orlovi, as well as some Russian, Greek and other volunteers. The army was equipped with ex-JNA inventory. It had about 200 tanks, mostly T-55s and 85 M-84s, and 150 APCs with several heavy artillery pieces. The Air Defense of VRS has shot down several aircraft, like F-16, Mirage 2000, F-18 and one Croatian Air Force MiG-21. The VRS received support from the Yugoslav Army and FRY until 1994, when Slobodan Milošević stopped military relations with Republika Srpska.

The Croatian Defence Council was the main military formation of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia during the Bosnian War and it was first organized military force to with the aim to control the Croat populated areas. It is not to be confused with the Croatian Defence Forces (HOS) which was a separate Croatian military unit.

In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia and Herzegovina, beginning on December 21, 1995 to implement and monitor the military aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force or SFOR. The number of SFOR troops was reduced first to 12,000 and then to 7,000. SFOR was in turn succeeded by an even smaller, European Union-led European Union Force, EUFOR Althea. As of 2004, EUFOR Althea numbered around 7,000 troops.

As the joint AFBiH began to develop, troops began to be sent abroad. Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed a unit of 37 men to destroy munitions and clear mines, in addition to 6 command personnel as part of the Multinational force in Iraq. The unit was first deployed to Fallujah, then Talil Air Base, and is now located at Camp Echo. In December 2006, the Bosnian government formerly extended its mandate through June 2007. Bosnia and Herzegovina is planning to send another 49 soldiers from the 6th infantry division to Iraq in August 2008, their mission will be to protect/guard Camp Victory in Baghdad.

Structure

The Military units are commanded by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina Joint Staff in Sarajevo. There are two major commands under the Joint Staff: Operational Command and Support Command.

There are three regiments that are each formed by soldiers from the three ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs and trace their roots to the armies that were created during the Bosnian war. These regiments have their distinct ethnic insignias and consist of three active battalions each. Each regiments three battalions divided evenly between the three active brigades of the Army.

  • Operational Command (Sarajevo)[3]
    • 4th Infantry Brigade (Tuzla)
      • (Bosniak) Infantry Battalion (Tuzla)
      • (Serbian) Infantry Battalion (Bijeljina)
      • (Croatian) Infantry Battalion (Orašje)
      • Reconnaissance Company
      • Signals Platoon
    • 5th Infantry Brigade (Banja Luka)
      • (Serbian) Infantry Battalion (Banja Luka)
      • (Croatian) Infantry Battalion (Livno)
      • (Bosniak) Infantry Battalion (Bihać)
      • Reconnaissance Company
      • Signals Platoon
Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    • 6th Infantry Brigade (Čapljina)
      • (Croatian) Infantry Battalion (Čapljina)
      • (Bosniak) Infantry Battalion (Goražde)
      • (Serbian) Infantry Battalion (Bileća)
      • Reconnaissance Company
      • Signals Platoon
Structure of the Operational Command
    • Tactical Support Brigade (Sarajevo)
      • Armored Battalion (Tuzla)
      • Artillery Battalion (Žepče) (one battery detached to each brigade)
      • Engineer Battalion (one company detached to each brigade)
      • Military Intelligence Battalion (Butilama)
      • Military Police Battalion (Butilama) (one platoon detached to each brigade)
      • De-mining Battalion (Bugojno)
      • Signals Company (Sarajevo)
      • NBC Defense Company
    • Air Force & Anti-Air Defense Brigade (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla)
      • Helicopter Battalion (Sarajevo) (one squadron detached to each brigade HQ)
      • Air Defense Battalion (Sarajevo) (one company detached to each brigade)
      • Early Warning & Surveillance Battalion (Banja Luka)
      • Flight Support Battalion (Sarajevo, Banja Luka)
Chiefs of Joint Staff structure
  • Support Command (Banja Luka)
    • Personnel Command
    • Training and Doctrine Command
      • Combat Training Center
        • Armored Mechanized Battalion
      • Combat Simulation Center
      • Professional Development Center
        • Officers School
        • NCO School
        • Foreign Language Center
    • Logistics Command
      • Center for Movement Control
      • Center for Material Management
      • Main Logistics Base (Doboj and Sarajevo)
      • 1st Logistics Support Battalion
      • 2nd Logistics Support Battalion
      • 3rd Logistics Support Battalion
      • 4th Logistics Support Battalion
      • 5th Logistics Support Battalion

Within the armed forces, there are a number of services. These include a Technical service, Air technology service, Military Police service, Communications service, Sanitary service, a Veterans service, Civilian service, Financial service, Information service, Legal service, Religious service, and a Musical service.

Uniform and Insignia

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina were unified in 2005 and at that time they needed a uniform for the newley founded army. MARPAT where the future uniform of AFBIH.

Insignia is found on military hats or berets, on the right and left shoulder on the uniform of all Soldiers of the Armed Forces. All, except for generals, wear badges on their hats or berets with either the land force badge or air force badge. Generals wear badges with the coat of arms of Bosnia surrounded with branches and two swords.All soldiers of the armed forces have on their right shoulder a flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina. All members of the 3 regiments wear their regiment insignia on the left shoulder. There are other insignias, brigades or other institution are worn under the regiment insignia. The name of the soldiers is worn on the left part of the chest while the name "Armed Forces of BiH" is worn on the right part of the chest.

Equipment

Infantry weapons

Assault Rifle Origin Type Versions Notes
M16 rifle  United States Assault Rifle A1 and A2 From 2010 OSBiH will scrap the A1 versions, and use A2 and A4 versions. Standard issue rifle of Bosnian and Herzegovina military and delivered from USA's Colt Arsenal in Hartford.
M16 rifle  United States Assault rifle A4 Entered service in 2010
AR-15  United States Assault rifle 1,000 Donated by  United States 1999 and 22,000 purchased by FABiH 2000 - 2004
M4 carbine  United States Assault rifle SOPMOD
HK33  Germany Assault rifle Donated by Turkey 1997
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Submachine gun Used by the Military Police and Bosnian Special Forces
AK-47  Soviet Union Assault rifle
AKM  Soviet Union Assault Rifle
Zastava M80  Yugoslavia Assault Rifle
Zastava M70  Yugoslavia Assault rifle
PP-19  Russia Submachine gun 250 donated by Russia and 1,000 purchased by the Bosnian government, only used by the Special Forces and the Special Anti-terrorist Unit SIPA
FN FAL  Belgium Battle rifle
H&K G3  Germany Battle rifle A2 and A3 A2 donated by Turkey 1998, A3 was later purchased by the Bosnian government
Skorpion vz. 61  Czech Republic Submachine gun M84 Yugoslav Version
M203  United States Grenade Launcher
Milkor MGL  South Africa Grenade Launcher

Sniper rifle

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Iraq.
Sniper rifle Origin Type Versions Notes
Zastava M76  Yugoslavia Sniper rifle
Dragunov SVD  Soviet Union Sniper Rifle
M48 Mauser  Yugoslavia Bolt-Action Rifle Used with Zrak 4*32 Scope
MACS M3  Croatia Anti-Material Rifle

Pistol

Pistol Origin Type Versions Notes
Glock 17  Austria Pistol
CZ-99  Yugoslavia Pistol
TT-33  Soviet Union Pistol

Machine gun

Machine gun Origin Type Versions Notes
M60  United States Machine gun
M2 .50 caliber  United States Machine gun
M240 machine gun  United States Machine gun
Zastava M84  Yugoslavia Machine gun
Zastava M72  Yugoslavia Machine gun M72A and M72B 250,000 sold to Iraq
Ultimax 100  Singapore Machine gun Few
DShK 1938  Soviet Union Machine gun
PK machine gun  Soviet Union machine gun

Rocket Launcher

Rocket Launcher Origin Type Versions Notes
M80 Rocket Launcher  Yugoslavia Rocket Launcher
M79 Osa  Yugoslavia Rocket Launcher
AT4  Sweden Rocket Launcher
RPG-7  Soviet Union Rocket Launcher

Main battle tanks

Tanks Origin Type Versions In service Notes
M60A3  United States Main battle tank (MBT) A3 45 In service due to NATO compatibility, possible replacements:Leopard 2A6, Leclerc, M1 Abrams or Merkava
AMX-30B2  France Main battle tank (MBT) B2 32 In service due to NATO compatibility,possible replacements:Leopard 2A6, Leclerc, M1 Abrams or Merkava
M-84  Yugoslavia Main battle tank A1 As of 2010 16 in service As of 2008, 50 AB variants operational tanks have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds.
T-55  Soviet Union Main battle tank 150 in reserve Currently there are 15 T-55s in service.

Armoured fighting vehicles

APC/AFC Origin Type Versions In service Notes
M113A2  United States APC A2 and A3 90 A2 + 60 A3
BVP M-80  Yugoslavia IFV/ICV A and ALT 60 A + 30 ALT As of 2008 35 operational IFV have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds.
Panhard AML

 France
ARV 90mm 4x4

41

BOV (APC)  Yugoslavia IFV/ICV BOV-VP and BOV-3 & BOV-1 34 BOV-VP and 39 BOV-3 & 29 BOV-1
WZ-551(Type-92)  China APC

10

Humvee  United States APC 25
AMX-10P  France APC/AFC P 35

Anti-tank weapons

Machine gun Origin Type Versions Notes
AT-4 Spigot  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile
AT-3 Sagger  Soviet Union Anit-tank missile
Milan ATGM  Germany Anit-tank missile
HJ-8  China Anti-tank missile Baktar-Shikan, HJ-8E Was supplied to ARBiH in early 1990s, ~50 pieces

Artillery

Artillery Origin Type Versions In service Notes
M101 howitzer  United States Howitzer 40-50
M114 howitzer (M-114A-1) 155mm
 United States
Towed howitzer

126

M1954  Soviet Union Field gun 61
D-30  Soviet Union Howitzer D-30J 86 + 35 in reserve
BM-21 Grad  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher BM-21 Grad/RM-70 29
M-63 Plamen  Yugoslavia Multiple rocket launcher Plamen 5 M-63
M-77 Oganj  Yugoslavia Multiple rocket launcher Oganj 7
M-87 Orkan  Yugoslavia Multiple Rocket Launcher Orkan 3
Type 63 multiple rocket launcher  China Multiple Rocket Launcher 200-250

Logistics

Logistics Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Mercedes-Benz G-270  Germany Logistics 33 Donated by Germany, used by Military Police/Officers
Mercedes-Benz Unimog  Germany Logistics 40 Donated by Germany
TAM  Yugoslavia Utility trucks Large number
Chars Transportation  United States Transportation 700 400 donated by U.S forces
Iveco LMV  Italy 15

Helicopters

Bosnian Soko Gazelle Gama
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
UH-1H  United States Utility helicopter H 14
Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union Utility helicopter Mi-8T, Mi-8MTV-1 9 Mi-8T, 2 Mi-8MTV-2
Mil Mi-17  Soviet Union Utility helicopter Mi-17 3 in service
Soko Gazelle Gama  Yugoslavia Utility helicopter

Light Attack Helicopter

4 in service
Mil Mi-34  Russia Utility helicopter 1 used by air forces for training

Other equipment

Equipment Origin Type In service
Hughes/Magnavox AN/PRC-126  United States Hand held radios 11,000 ~
NAPCO AN/PRC-77  United States man pack radios 5,600~
Tactical telephones  United States/ Yugoslavia Tactical telephones over thousand units
Binoculars  Bosnia and Herzegovina ~ several thousands
10/20 kW generators  Germany/ United States Generators 500

References

Further reading

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chiefs of Joint Staff of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina — The Chiefs of Joint Staff of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina are a group of Chiefs that have command over the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Role and Responsibility After the January of 2006 abolition of the Federation and RS… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnia redirects here. For other uses, see Bosnia (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Босна и Херцеговина …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Bosnia and Herzegovina <p></p> Background: <p></p> Bosnia and Herzegovina s declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence… …   The World Factbook

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945 92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 2,607,734; 19,909 sq. mi. (51,565 sq. km). Cap.: Sarajevo. * * * Bosnia and Herzegovina Introduction Bosnia and Herzegovina Background: Bosnia and Herzegovina s… …   Universalium

  • Military Ordinariate of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Catholicism portal The Military Ordinariate of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a military ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church. Immediately subject to the Holy See, it provides pastoral care to Roman Catholics serving in Armed Forces of Bosnia and… …   Wikipedia

  • Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnia and Herzegovina This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Bosnia and Herzegovina …   Wikipedia

  • Military of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Armed Forces of Bosnia Herzegovina ( OSBIH / ОСБИХ ; Oružane snage BIH / Оружане снаге БИХ ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnian Armed forces were founded in 2005 and are composed of two founding armies: Bosniak… …   Wikipedia

  • Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Infobox National Military name = Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) national name =Armija Republike Bosne i Hercegovine caption = Crest of Army of The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina founded=April 15, 1992 disbanded=1995… …   Wikipedia

  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Not to be confused with Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Федерација Босне и Херцеговине …   Wikipedia

  • List of Bosnia and Herzegovina-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Bosnia and Herzegovina* Bosnia and Herzegovina * Republika Srpska*… …   Wikipedia