- Stick of Joseph
The term Stick of Joseph can be found in some Judaic and LDS traditions. The phrase is employed frequently in
Two House Theology.
Judaism, the Stick of Joseph (or "Stick of Ephraim") is a figurativereference to the Northern Kingdom of Israel[http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel%2037;&version=8; Ezekiel 37] , which was heavily populated by Joseph's descendants. When the tribe of Ephraimand the tribe of Manasseh(Joseph's two sons) are summed up, together they are by far the most numerous of the ten northern tribes [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Numbers%201;&version=8; Numbers 1] & [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Numbers%2026;&version=8; 26] .
The Stick of Judah is a reference to the Southern
Kingdom of Judah[Compare [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel%2037;&version=8; Ezekiel 37] with [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua%2011:21;&version=8; Joshua 11:21] ; [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=I%20Samuel%2011:8;&version=8; I Samuel 11:8] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=I%20Samuel%2017:52;&version=8; 17:52] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=I%20Samuel%2018:16;&version=8; 18:16] ; and [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=II%20Samuel%202:10;&version=8; II Samuel 2:10] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=II%20Samuel%203:10;&version=8; 3:10] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=II%20Samuel%205:5;&version=8; 5:5] , which was most heavily populated by Judah's descendants. The tribe of Benjaminand the tribe of Judahwere the only land inheritors in the Southern Kingdom ( [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%2049:5-7;&version=8; Genesis 49:5-7] ; [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua%2018:7;&version=8; Joshua 18:7 ] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua%2019:1;&version=8; 19:1] even though the tribe of Leviand the tribe of Simeonwere present but scattered in their midst.
King Solomondied in approximately 931 BCE, the twelve tribes of Israeldivided into two political entities. The two kingdoms fought several devastating wars against each other, making them both more vulnerable to their common enemies. By 740 BCE, Assyriabegan numerous invasions, deporting the Northern Kingdom of Israel for approximately 18 years. Sumaria, the capital of Israel, finally fell to Assyria in 722 BCE, taking an estimated 27,000 captive. Many thousands more were deported prior to the final defeat. And many likely fled to safety in the Southern Kingdom of Judah, while others fled to Phoenician and Israelite settlements via the Mediterranean Sea. Phoenician cities, allied to Israel since the days of King David, were being attacked by Assyria as well.
Stick or Tree?
In Hebrew, "Etz" is singular (i.e.
stickor tree). "Etzeem" is plural (i.e. sticks or trees).
Hebrew to English definition of "Stick" or "Tree"
עץ (‛êts) - Ref.
Strong's Concordance#: H6086
Brown Driver Briggs Hebrew Lexicon (BDB) definitions for H6086:
1) tree, wood, timber, stock, plank, stalk, stick, gallows
1a) tree, trees
1b) wood, pieces of wood, gallows, firewood, cedar-wood, woody flax
The nation of Israel was figuratively called an Olive Tree (etz) [Hosea 14:6, Jeremiah 11:16-17] . Ephraim (Joseph) was even called a wild olive branch (sometimes a Wild Ass) [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%2014:6;&version=8; Hosea 8:9] , while Judah was considered the "natural" branch [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans%2011;&version=8; Romans 11] .
To members of
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Stick of Joseph is a reference to the " Book of Mormon", taken from a passage in the King James Versionof the Bible, Ezekiel 37:16-19. In this passage, the term "stick", refers to a scroll (or book), and, in particular, the "stick of Joseph" is believed to refer to the "Book of Mormon", while the "stick of Judah" is believed to refer to the Bible.Fact|date=February 2007
The LDS Church views this passage as a prophecy of the coming forth of the "Book of Mormon", which tells of the prophet Lehi and his family, who, according to the text, are descendants of the biblical Joseph, son of
Jacob. The "Book of Mormon" and the Bible, a record of the Jews(that is, the tribe of Judah), are viewed as scriptureby adherents of Mormonism. The two books together are seen as fulfilling the prophecy, becoming "one stick".
History of Ancient Israel and Judah
Two House Theology
* [http://www.jewsandjoes.com/ The Two Sticks of Israel]
* [http://unitedisrael.org/ United Israel World Union]
* [http://www.mim.net/ Messianic Israel Alliance]
* [http://britam.org/ Brit-Am]
* [http://israelite.info/ Israelite.info]
* [http://www.moshiach.com/features/tribes/overview.php Moshiach.com]
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