- Prince Miguel, Duke of Viseu
Prince Miguel Duke of Viseu Spouse Anita Stewart Issue Nadejda de Bragança
John de Bragança
Miguel de Bragança
Full name Miguel Maximiliano Sebastão Maria House House of Braganza Father Miguel II, Duke of Braganza Mother Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis Born 22 September 1878
Reichenau an der Rax, Austria–Hungary
Died 21 February 1923(aged 44)
New York City, New York, United States
Prince Miguel of Braganza, Duke of Viseu (Portuguese: Príncipe Miguel de Bragança, Duque de Viseu; 22 September 1878 – 21 February 1923) was a member of the exiled branch of the House of Braganza. The eldest son of the Miguelist pretender to the throne of Portugal he married an American heiress in 1909 and in 1920 renounced his rights to the throne. His full given names were Miguel Maximiliano Sebastão Maria.
Miguel was born in Reichenau an der Rax, Austria-Hungary the eldest son and heir of the Miguelist pretender to the Portuguese throne Miguel, Duke of Braganza and his first wife Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis. Prince Miguel's father was the head of the non reigning branch of the Portuguese Royal House that had been exiled from Portugal. The exile was the result of the Portuguese law of banishment of 1834 and the constitution of 1838 which was brought about because in 1828 his grandfather Miguel usurped the throne of Portugal from his niece Queen Maria II. His grandfather reigned as king until 1834 when Maria II was restored.
Like his father Miguel pursued a career in the Army and served in a Saxon cavalry regiment. On 16 September 1900 Miguel was riding back into town in a Phaeton after having attended a dinner at a country house, when he caught his wheels in the carriage of Prince Albert of Saxony the son of Prince George, and nephew of the reigning king Albert. The collision was so great the Prince Albert's carriage overturned into a ditch, with Prince Albert dying a few hours after. Because it could not be determined whether it was an accident or intentional Miguel escaped a court martial but he was forced to give up his commission in the Army and leave the country.
A year later he caused more controversy when it was discovered that while King Carlos I of Portugal was visiting the United Kingdom Miguel had entered Portugal with the aim of assisting an uprising against the king. After this was discovered he effectively became a social outcast.
On 9 July 1909 Miguel's engagement to the American heiress, Anita Stewart was announced in London. Stewart was the daughter of William Rhinelander Stewart and Annie Armstrong. After her parents divorced in August 1906, her mother married the millionaire James Henry Smith.
Miguel and Anita Stewart were married at Tulloch Castle near Dingwall in Scotland on 15 September 1909. This was the first royal wedding in Scotland since the days of the Stuarts. Shortly before the wedding Stewart was created Princess of Braganza by the Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph. Upon his marriage Miguel was able to keep his place in the line of succession as morganatic marriages did not exist in Portuguese law.
From their marriage Miguel and his wife had three children; Nadejda, John and Miguel. The children were styled Prince and Princess until 1920 when Prince Miguel's marriage was declared non dynastic.
After his marriage Miguel was granted the title Duke of Viseu by his father, though the reigning Portuguese King Manuel II did not recognise this and claimed the title for himself. Shortly after his marriage, Miguel faced legal action from a syndicate who had lent him money a few years before his marriage when he was in financial difficulties. After promising to pay the syndicate one-fifth of any dowry he received as a result of contracting a marriage he later tried to pay back only what he had originally borrowed. Although he paid off the majority of his creditors after his wedding some were unhappy and seized his furniture and other items and took them to an Auction house.
In 1911-1912 Miguel took part in the monarchist uprisings in Portugal led by Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro, in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the First Portuguese Republic. He was also active in raising money to fund the uprisings.
Miguel later found work in London where he was employed as a Broker's clerk for the city firm Basil Montgomery, Fitzgerald and co. After originally being forced to resign from the Army, he returned to serve in the German automobile corps during the First World War reaching the rank of Captain.
After the war on 21 July 1920 Miguel renounced for himself and his descendants, his rights of succession to the Portuguese throne. His father also renounced his rights ten days later which resulted in the Miguelist claim passing to his younger half brother Duarte Nuno.
Name Birth Death Notes Nadejda de Bragança 28 June 1910 13 June 1946 She was married firstly in 1930 to Wlodzimierz Dorozynski with whom she had one son before divorcing in 1932. She was married for a second time in London on 29 January 1942 to René Millet. She died after fall which was later ruled to be suicide. John de Bragança 7 September 1912 12 March 1991 A Harvard graduate he served in the US Navy during World War II, later becoming vice president and treasurer of the Rhinelander Real Estate Company and an investment banker. He was married firstly in New York on 21 May 1948 to Winifred Dodge Seyburn (granddaughter of Detroit Auto Pioneer John Dodge) with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1953. He was married secondly on 15 May 1971 to Katherine King. Miguel de Bragança 8 February 1915 7 February 1996 He worked as a civil airlines pilot and was married in Miami on 18 November 1946 to Anne Hughson with whom he had two daughters.
Titles and styles
- His Royal Highness Prince Miguel of Braganza, Infante of Portugal
- His Royal Highness The Duke of Viseu
Ancestors of Prince Miguel, Duke of Viseu 16. Peter III of Portugal 8. John VI of Portugal 17. Maria I of Portugal 4. Miguel of Portugal 18. Charles IV of Spain 9. Charlotte of Spain 19. Maria Luisa of Parma 2. Miguel, Duke of Braganza 20. Charles, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 10. Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 21. Countess Sophie Luise of Windisch-Grätz 5. Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 22. Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 11. Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 23. Countess Amalie Henriette of Solms-Baruth 1. Prince Miguel, Duke of Viseu 24. Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis 12. Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis 25. Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 6. Maximilian Anton Lamoral, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis 26. Ernst, Baron of Dörnberg 13. Baroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg 27. Wilhelmine Henriette Maximiliane von Glauburg 3. Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis 28. Duke Pius August in Bavaria 14. Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria 29. Princess Amélie Louise of Arenberg 7. Duchess Helene in Bavaria 30. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria 15. Princess Ludovika of Bavaria 31. Caroline of Baden
Prince Miguel, Duke of ViseuBorn: 22 September 1878 Died: 21 February 1923
- ^ a b c d e f Pike, Charlotte (1998). Almanach de Gotha (182nd ed.). Almanach de Gotha. pp. 186. ISBN 0953214206.
- ^ A Veteran Diplomat (1909-07-18). "Where Americans Lose Caste". New York Times. p. SM2.
- ^ "Dom Miguel. The Throne of Portugal". Evening Post. 21 September 1907. p. 12. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=EP19070921.2.108.
- ^ a b "Anita Stewart Will Wed Prince Miguel". New York Times. 1909-09-07. p. 1.
- ^ "Portuguese Prince Married". Evening Post. 17 September 1909. p. 71.
- ^ "Miss Stewart A Princess". New York Times. 1909-07-10. p. 1.
- ^ "Miss Stewart Weds; Holds To Her Faith". New York Times. 1909-09-16. p. 1.
- ^ Sainty, Guy Stair. "Genealogy of the Royal House of Portugal". Chivalric Orders. http://www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/gotha/portgenl.htm. Retrieved 21 August 2009.
- ^ a b "Braganza A Broker's Clerk". New York Times. 1911-01-17. p. 1.
- ^ "Braganza Sued For Million". New York Times. 1909-12-07. p. 1.
- ^ "Braganza's Effects Seized". New York Times. 1910-02-09. p. 1.
- ^ de Saisseval, Guy Coutant (1966). Les Maisons Impériales et Royales d'Europe. Éditions du Palais-Royal. pp. 427.
- ^ "Braganza Gets $10,000,000". New York Times. 1911-11-14. p. 6.
- ^ "Prince Miguel Promoted". New York Times. 1917-05-20. p. 11.
- ^ "Royal Prince Sells Life Insurance Here". New York Times. 1923-01-03. p. 1.
- ^ "Prince Miguel Dies From Pneumonia". New York Times. 1923-02-22. p. 15.
- ^ "John de Braganca, Investment Banker, 79". New York Times. 1991-03-15. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE7D91639F936A25750C0A967958260. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
Portuguese nobility VacantTitle last held byManuel I of Portugal Duke of Viseu
1909 - 1923
VacantTitle next held byInfante Miguel, Duke of Viseu Infantes of Portugal 1st GenerationInfante Henrique • Sancho I • Infante João 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationInfante Afonso, Lord of Leiria • Afonso IV 6th GenerationInfante Afonso • Infante Dinis • Peter I • Infante João 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Infante João • Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and Asturias^ • John III • Infante Luís, 5th Duke of Beja • Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso • Cardinal-Infante Afonso • Henry, The Cardinal-King • Infante Duarte, 4th Duke of Guimarães • Infante António • Infante Carlos 12th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Filipe, Prince of Portugal • Infante Dinis • John Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Infante António 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th GenerationBalthasar Charles, Prince of Portugal and Asturias* • Infante Francisco Fernando* • Teodósio, 1st Prince of Brazil • Afonso VI • Peter II 16th GenerationJoão, 3rd Prince of Brazil • John V • Infante Francisco, 7th Duke of Beja • Infante António • Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém • 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th Generation 20th Generation 21st Generation 22nd Generation 23rd Generation 24th Generation^also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicily and Naples, *also an infante of Spain, **claimant infante, ^^only prince or infante by marriage House of Braganza John IVChildren Peter IIChildren include John VChildren Joseph IChildren include Maria I and Peter IIIChildren include John VIChildren include Pedro IVChildren includeGrandchildren MiguelChildrenGrandchildrenGreat grandchildrenGreat-great grandchildren Maria II and Ferdinand IIChildren
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Infante Miguel, Duke of Viseu — For the son of Miguel II, Duke of Braganza, see Prince Miguel of Braganza. Infante Miguel Duke of Viseu Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Viseu Full name Migue … Wikipedia
Miguel, Duke of Braganza — Miguel II Duke of Braganza Reign 19 September 1853 31 July 1920 Predecessor Pedro II Successor … Wikipedia
Duke of Viseu — (in Portuguese Duque de Viseu ) was a Portuguese Royal Dukedom created in 1415 by King John I of Portugal for his third male child, Prince Henry the Navigator, following the conquest of Ceuta. When Prince Henry the Navigator died without issue,… … Wikipedia
Prince Miguel of Braganza — Infobox Prince name = Prince Miguel of Braganza othertitles =Infante of Portugal, Duke of Viseu full name =Miguel Maximiliano Sebastão Maria spouse 1 =Anita Stewart offspring =Nadejda, John, Miguel royal house =Braganza father =Miguel, Duke of… … Wikipedia
Infante Diogo, Duke of Viseu — Portuguese royalty House of Avis … Wikipedia
Miguel — Miguel, the Spanish and Portuguese form of the name Michael, may refer to the following: Contents 1 People 1.1 Portuguese Royalty 1.2 Others … Wikipedia
Miguel of Portugal — Miguel I King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 26 February 1828 6 May 1834 Predecessor Maria II Successor … Wikipedia
Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal — Miguel da Paz Prince of Portugal, Prince of Asturias and Prince of Girona House House of Aviz Beja Father Manuel I of Portugal Mother Isabella, Princess of Asturias Born 23 August 1498(1498 08 23) … Wikipedia
Miguel, Prince of Beira — Infante Miguel of Portugal, Prince of Beira (or of Braganza; Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈɡɛɫ]; English: Michael) (26 April 1820 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) was the stillborn son of Portuguese heir to the throne Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future… … Wikipedia
Miguel de Bragança — Dom Michael of Braganza (Portuguese: Miguel) was a Portuguese nobleman, illegitimate son of King Pedro II of Portugal and Ana Armanda (Anne Armande) Pastre de Verger (sometimes called du Vergé). He was born in Lisbon on 15 October 1699 and died… … Wikipedia