- Foreign-born population of the United Kingdom
The foreign-born population of the United Kingdom includes immigrants from a wide range of countries who are resident in the United Kingdom. In the period January 2010 to December 2010, there were 19 foreign-born groups that consisted of at least 100,000 individuals residing in the UK (people originating from Australia, Bangladesh, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Jamaica, Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Ireland, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, United States and Zimbabwe).
Size of the foreign-born population
At the time of the most recent UK census, conducted in April 2001, 8.3 per cent of the country's population were foreign-born. This was substantially less than that of major immigration countries such as Australia (23 per cent), Canada (19.3 per cent) and the USA (12.3 per cent). Figures for each census since 1951 are given in the table below. In 2010, the foreign-born population was estimated at 11.6 per cent, compared to a European Union average of 8.6 per cent.
In 2010, there were 7.0 million foreign-born residents in the UK, corresponding to 11.3% of the total population. Of these, 4.76 million (7.7%) were born outside the EU and 2.24 million (3.6%) were born in another EU Member State.
over previous decade
1951 2,118,600 4.2 1961 2,573,500 21.5 4.9 1971 3,190,300 24.0 5.8 1981 3,429,100 7.5 6.2 1991 3,835,400 11.8 6.7 2001 4,896,600 27.7 8.3 2010 (est.) 7,139,000 46.0 11.6
Countries of origin
The table below lists the places of birth of UK residents according to the 2001 Census, as reported by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The table also lists population estimates of the foreign-born population for the top 60 foreign countries of birth in the period January 2010 to December 2010, published by the Office for National Statistics.
In 2001, the five most common foreign countries of birth were the Republic of Ireland, India, Pakistan, Germany and the United States respectively. In 2010, the most common foreign countries of birth were India, Poland (up from 18th in 2001), Pakistan, the Republic of Ireland and Germany respectively. The United States dropped to eighth place behind South Africa and Bangladesh, despite growth in the size of the US-born population.
The period between 2001 and 2010 saw significant change in the UK's foreign-born population. In particular, the 2004 and 2007 enlargements of the European Union have led to mass migration from the likes of Bulgaria, Latvia, Romania, Poland, Slovakia and Lithuania. The number of Polish-born people resident in the UK increased from 60,711 in 2001 to an estimated 532,000 in the year to December 2010, whilst the Lithuanian-born population increased from 4,363 to an estimated 87,000. The most significant decrease in a foreign-born population resident in the UK between 2001 and 2010 is in the number of those originating from the Republic of Ireland. Whereas in 2001, 533,901 people born in the Republic of Ireland were resident in the UK, this is estimated to have declined to 405,000 by 2010.
Country of birth Population (2001 census) Population (2010 ONS estimate) Corresponding article(s) United Kingdom 53,923,642 54,215,000 British people, English people, Cornish people, Scottish people, Welsh people, Northern Irish people Republic of Ireland 533,901 405,000 India 467,634 693,000 Indians in the United Kingdom Pakistan 321,167 431,000 Pakistanis in the United Kingdom Germany 266,136 296,000 Germans in the United Kingdom United States 158,434 200,000 Americans in the United Kingdom Bangladesh 154,362 220,000 Bangladeshis in the United Kingdom Jamaica 146,401 150,000 Jamaicans in the United Kingdom South Africa 141,405 236,000 South Africans in the United Kingdom Kenya 129,633 128,000 Kenyans in the United Kingdom Australia 107,871 112,000 Australians in the United Kingdom Italy 107,244 118,000 Italians in the United Kingdom Hong Kong 96,445 75,000 Hong Kongers in the United Kingdom France 96,281 111,000 French in the United Kingdom Nigeria 88,378 151,000 Nigerians in the United Kingdom Cyprus 77,673 56,000 Cypriots in the United Kingdom Canada 72,518 81,000 Canadians in the United Kingdom Sri Lanka 67,938 117,000 Sri Lankans in the United Kingdom Poland 60,711 532,000 Polish in the United Kingdom New Zealand 58,286 72,000 New Zealanders in the United Kingdom Ghana 56,112 84,000 Ghanaians in the United Kingdom Uganda 55,213 48,000 Ugandans in the United Kingdom Spain 54,482 68,000 Spaniards in the United Kingdom Turkey 54,079 72,000 Turks in the United Kingdom China, People's Republic of 51,078 120,000 Chinese in the United Kingdom Malaysia 49,886 60,000 Malaysians in the United Kingdom Zimbabwe 49,524 130,000 Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom Somalia 43,515 110,000 Somalis in the United Kingdom Iran 42,494 70,000 Iranians in the United Kingdom Singapore 40,474 42,000 Singaporeans in the United Kingdom Netherlands 40,438 55,000 Dutch in the United Kingdom Philippines 40,118 123,000 Filipinos in the United Kingdom Japan 37,535 38,000 Japanese in the United Kingdom Portugal 36,555 83,000 Portuguese in the United Kingdom Greece 35,169 30,000 Greeks in the United Kingdom Tanzania 32,630 35,000 Tanzanians in the United Kingdom Iraq 32,236 69,000 Iraqis in the United Kingdom Serbia and Montenegro 31,244 (including Kosovo) N/A Serbs in the United Kingdom Kosovo N/A (included in Serbia and Montenegro entry) N/A Kosovans in the United Kingdom Malta 30,178 23,000 Maltese in the United Kingdom Mauritius 27,078 43,000 Mauritians in the United Kingdom Egypt 24,700 28,000 Egyptians in the United Kingdom Vietnam 23,347 N/A Vietnamese in the United Kingdom Africa (country not stated) 22,975 N/A Sweden 22,525 28,000 Swedes in the United Kingdom Belgium 21,668 22,000 Barbados 21,601 N/A Barbadians in the United Kingdom Zambia 21,529 29,000 Trinidad and Tobago 21,283 23,000 Trinidadians in the United Kingdom Guyana 20,872 22,000 Guyanese in the United Kingdom Austria 19,503 N/A Austrians in the United Kingdom Denmark 18,695 N/A Sierra Leone 17,048 N/A Sierra Leoneans in the United Kingdom Thailand 16,257 35,000 Thais in the United Kingdom Switzerland 16,010 N/A Brazil 15,215 44,000 Brazilians in the United Kingdom Russia 15,160 40,000 Russians in the United Kingdom Afghanistan 14,875 54,000 Afghans in the United Kingdom Norway 13,798 N/A Hungary 13,159 41,000 Hungarians in the United Kingdom Yemen 12,508 N/A Yemenis in the United Kingdom Morocco 12,348 22,000 Moroccans in the United Kingdom Malawi 12,340 N/A Colombia 12,331 N/A Colombians in the United Kingdom South Korea 12,310 21,000 Koreans in the United Kingdom Czech Republic 12,220 32,000 Czechs in the United Kingdom Ukraine 11,913 N/A Ukrainians in the United Kingdom Israel 11,892 N/A Israelis in the United Kingdom Gibraltar 11,830 N/A Gibraltarians in the United Kingdom Finland 11,322 N/A Sudan 10,671 N/A Sudanese in the United Kingdom Algeria 10,670 21,000 Algerians in the United Kingdom Lebanon 10,459 N/A Lebanese in the United Kingdom Burma (Myanmar) 9,924 N/A Burmese in the United Kingdom Grenada 9,783 N/A Libya 9,141 25,000 Saudi Arabia 8,789 N/A Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,569 N/A Congolese in the United Kingdom Saint Lucia 8,265 N/A Montserrat 7,983 N/A Montserratians in the United Kingdom Ethiopia 7,775 N/A Ethiopians in the United Kingdom Romania 7,631 79,000 Romanians in the United Kingdom Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,091 N/A Croatia 6,992 N/A Argentina 6,796 N/A Dominica 6,739 N/A Indonesia 6,711 N/A Bosnia-Herzegovina 6,692 N/A China, Republic of (Taiwan) 6,588 N/A Eritrea 6,561 N/A Saint Kitts and Nevis 6,519 N/A Nepal 5,943 35,000 Nepalis in the United Kingdom Angola 5,914 N/A Kuwait 5,882 N/A Asia (country not stated) 5,677 N/A United Arab Emirates 5,406 N/A Emiratis in the United Kingdom Bulgaria 5,351 52,000 Bulgarians in the United Kingdom Slovakia 5,273 48,000 Chile 5,131 N/A Chileans in the United Kingdom Mexico 5,049 N/A Mexicans in the United Kingdom Lithuania 4,363 87,000 Lithuanians in the United Kingdom Latvia 4,275 48,000 Bahrain 4,185 N/A Syria 4,168 N/A Peru 4,066 N/A Peruvians in the United Kingdom Venezuela 3,996 N/A Gambia 3,924 N/A Antigua and Barbuda 3,891 N/A Antiguans in the United Kingdom Fiji 3,464 N/A Fijians in the United Kingdom Mozambique 3,353 N/A Congo 3,266 N/A Cameroon 3,233 N/A Jordan 3,115 N/A Tunisia 3,070 N/A Ecuador 3,035 N/A Ecuadorians in the United Kingdom Bermuda 2,986 N/A Seychelles 2,905 N/A Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) 2,794 N/A Ivoirians in the United Kingdom Brunei 2,782 N/A West Bank (Palestinian territories) 2,483 N/A Rwanda 2,373 N/A Saint Helena 2,355 N/A Albania 2,314 N/A Botswana 2,051 N/A Oman 2,024 N/A Burundi 2,022 N/A Estonia 2,005 N/A Bahamas 1,797 N/A Liberia 1,583 N/A Iceland 1,552 N/A Macau 1,490 N/A South and Central America (country not stated) 1,338 N/A Macedonia 1,285 N/A Belize 1,233 N/A Namibia 1,230 N/A Slovenia 1,228 N/A Luxembourg 1,222 N/A Belarus 1,154 N/A Netherlands Antilles 1,151 N/A Bolivia 1,143 N/A Bolivians in the United Kingdom Cuba 1,083 N/A Qatar 1,062 N/A Papua New Guinea 1,057 N/A Falkland Islands 1,044 N/A Uruguay 963 N/A Kazakhstan 871 N/A Swaziland 863 N/A Madagascar 789 N/A Senegal 723 N/A Cambodia 706 N/A El Salvador 595 N/A Armenia 589 N/A Armenians in the United Kingdom Azerbaijan 561 N/A Togo 553 N/A Georgia 551 N/A Dominican Republic 523 N/A Uzbekistan 521 N/A Guatemala 499 N/A Anguilla 498 N/A Paraguay 493 N/A Panama 492 N/A Former USSR (country not stated) 483 N/A Laos 464 N/A Moldova 455 N/A Honduras 420 N/A Guinea-Bissau 381 N/A Costa Rica 376 N/A Cayman Islands 369 N/A Lesotho 331 N/A Cape Verde 328 N/A Central African Republic 312 N/A Solomon Islands 309 N/A Puerto Rico 306 N/A Mongolia 293 N/A Mongolians in the United Kingdom Europe (country not stated) 269 N/A Guinea 265 N/A Suriname 264 N/A Benin 239 N/A Djibouti 237 N/A Monaco 225 N/A Nicaragua 223 N/A Maldives 200 N/A Chad 183 N/A Kiribati 179 N/A Haiti 164 N/A British Virgin Islands 163 N/A Tonga 143 N/A Gabon 135 N/A Vanuatu 135 N/A Kyrgyzstan 133 N/A Samoa 125 N/A United States Virgin Islands 124 N/A Mali 121 N/A Oceania (country not stated) 108 N/A São Tomé and Príncipe 102 N/A Tajikistan 101 N/A Burkina Faso 99 N/A Turkmenistan 99 N/A Niger 96 N/A Bhutan 86 N/A Comoros 62 N/A Guam 61 N/A Turks and Caicos Islands 56 N/A Equatorial Guinea 51 N/A Cook Islands 37 N/A Andorra 35 N/A American Samoa 30 N/A Mauritania 28 N/A Liechtenstein 23 N/A North Korea 22 N/A British Indian Ocean Territory 19 N/A Nauru 14 N/A Tuvalu 10 N/A San Marino 9 N/A Norfolk Island 4 N/A Micronesia, Federated States of 3 N/A Niue 3 N/A Pitcairn Islands 3 N/A Palau 3 N/A East Timor 1 N/A Aruba 0 N/A Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 N/A Northern Mariana Islands 0 N/A Tokelau 0 N/A Vatican City 0 N/A
Institute for Public Policy Research analysis
In 2005 the Institute for Public Policy Research published an analysis of data from the 2001 Census, revealing the number of people included in the census who were born outside the British Isles, where they lived, and comparing this information against the 1991 Census. The results were made available on the BBC website. Note that this data refers to Great Britain only, rather than the whole of the UK, because of the lack of digital boundaries in the census data for Northern Ireland.
- Immigration to the United Kingdom since 1922
- ^ a b c d e f "Table 1.3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, January 2010 to December 2010". Office for National Statistics. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/migration-statistics-quarterly-report/august-2011/population-by-country-of-birth-and-nationality-jan10-dec10.xls. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- ^ "Foreign-born: 1 in 12 in UK born overseas". Office for National Statistics. 15 December 2005. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=1312. Retrieved 16 February 2009.
- ^ a b Rendall, Michael; Salt, John (2005). "The foreign-born population". In Office for National Statistics. Focus on People and Migration: 2005 edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 131–152. ISBN 1403993270. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_compendia/fom2005/08_FOPM_ForeignBorn.pdf.
- ^ Muenz, Rainer (June 2006). "Europe: Population and migration in 2005". Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=402. Retrieved 14 December 2009.
- ^ a b "Table 1.1: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by country of birth, April 2009 to March 2010". Office for National Statistics. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_population/population-by-birthcountrynationality-apr09-mar10.zip. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- ^ 6.5% of the EU population are foreigners and 9.4% are born abroad, Eurostat, Katya VASILEVA, 34/2011.
- ^ a b "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/18/23/34792376.xls. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
- ^ Ellis, Amy (2009). "UK resident population by country of birth". Population Trends 135 (135): 20–28. doi:10.1057/pt.2009.5. PMID 19391440. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/population_trends/PT135POPCOBARTICLE.pdf.
- ^ Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
- ^ a b Kyambi, Sarah (2005). Beyond Black and White: Mapping new immigrant communities. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. ISBN 186030284X. http://www.ippr.org.uk/publicationsandreports/publication.asp?id=308.
- ^ "Introduction and figures for Britain". Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain. BBC News. 7 September 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/uk/05/born_abroad/html/overview.stm. Retrieved 16 February 2009.
- Beyond Black and White: Mapping new immigrant communities
- Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain
Migration to the United Kingdom from the Americas North America South America See also Notes
1. Montserrat is a British overseas territory and not an independent state
Migration to the United Kingdom from Africa North AfricaAlgerian · Egyptian · Moroccan · Sudanese Horn of AfricaEthiopian · Somali East Africa Southern AfricaSouth African · Zimbabwean Central Africa West Africa
Ivoirian · Ghanaian · Nigerian · Sierra Leonean
Migration to the United Kingdom from Asia East Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West Asia Migration to the United Kingdom from Europe Central Europe Eastern EuropeBelarusian · Russian · Ukrainian Northern Europe Southern Europe Western Europe Notes
1. Gibraltar is a British overseas territory and not an independent state
Migration to the United Kingdom from OceaniaAustralian · Fijian · New Zealander
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