Berlin Brandenburg Airport


Berlin Brandenburg Airport
Berlin Brandenburg Airport
Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg
"Willy Brandt"
(under construction)
BER Logo.svg
BBI 2010-07-23 5.JPG
IATA: BER (planned)ICAO: EDDB (planned)
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH
Serves Berlin, Germany, EU
Location Schönefeld, Brandenburg
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 154 ft / 48 m
Coordinates 52°22′00″N 013°30′12″E / 52.3666667°N 13.50333°E / 52.3666667; 13.50333Coordinates: 52°22′00″N 013°30′12″E / 52.3666667°N 13.50333°E / 52.3666667; 13.50333
Website ber.berlin-airport.de
Map
BER is located in Berlin
BER
Location within Berlin
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,600 11,881 Asphalt
07R/25L 4,000 13,123 Concrete
Statistics (2010 TXL& SXF)
Aircraft movements 235,165
Passengers 22,323,511

Berlin Brandenburg Airport (IATA: BERICAO: EDDB) (German: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt) is a new international airport under construction 18 kilometres (11 mi) south of central Berlin, the capital city of Germany. It is scheduled to open on 3 June 2012.[2] The airport is located in Schönefeld on the border between the states of Berlin and Brandenburg and will be named after the former German Chancellor and Nobel Peace Laureate Willy Brandt. Construction costs are estimated at 2.5 billion euros.[3]

The new airport will replace three airports in Berlin. Tempelhof Airport closed in 2008, Tegel Airport is scheduled to close in 2012. The terminal infrastructure of the existing Berlin Schönefeld Airport will be closed in 2012 while some of the airport's infrastructure will be incorporated into the greatly expanded airport area to the south. The newly built BER airport will inherit the current southern, then northern runway. Due to noise-abatement regulations, flights between midnight and 5:00 a.m. will remain banned.

The Berlin Brandenburg Airport will be a hub for Air Berlin, Germania, Easyjet, Germanwings and will serve as a focus city for Lufthansa. The initial capacity of the airport is designed to serve 30–50 million passengers. The two main operators, Air Berlin and Lufthansa, each will handle around 30% of the scheduled commercial flights. Projections indicate the new airport will be the third busiest airport in Germany and thirteenth busiest in Europe in 2012. A major railway station built under the airport's check-in terminal will provide several connections within the region and will establish a direct link to the Berlin Hauptbahnhof.

Contents

History

Foundations

Construction of Interflug's new maintenance hangar (1961).

Berlin-Schönefeld airport was opened on 15 October 1934 to accommodate the Henschel aircraft plant. By the end of the Second World War, over 14,000 aircraft had been built. On 22 April 1945, the airport was occupied by Soviet troops, and the aircraft construction facilities were either dismantled or blown up. By late 1947, the airport rail link had been repaired and agricultural machinery was built and repaired on the site. In 1946, the Soviet Air Forces moved from Johannisthal Air Field to Schönefeld, including the civilian airline Aeroflot. In 1947, the Soviet Military Administration in Germany approved the construction of a civilian airport at the site. Between 1947 and 1990, Schönefeld airport was renamed on several occasions and stayed the main airport of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) (Zentralflughafen) until its demise.

The supersonic aircraft, Tu-144 prototype, in June 1971, Berlin-Schönefeld

One stipulation of the Four Power Agreement following World War II was a total ban on German carriers' participation in air transport to Berlin, where access was restricted to US, British, French and Soviet airliners. Located outside of the Berlin city limits, this restriction did not apply to Schönefeld airport. Thus, German aircraft of the East German flag carrier Interflug could use Schönefeld airport, while West German Lufthansa was denied access to Berlin-Tegel and Tempelhof airports.

Following the German reunification in 1990, operating three separate airports became increasingly inefficient, leading the Berlin City Parliament to pursue a single airport of dimension and standards with the now reunified German capital whilst decrease the number of inhabitants impacted by aircraft noise within the city. Therefore, it was decided to erect Berlin Brandenburg Airport at the site of Schönefeld Airport, which is scheduled to assume service on 3 June 2012. The new airport will only inherit one runway from the existing one. Most of the old airport, including the terminal and apron areas (the northern areas), will give way to the representative terminal of the German Federal Government.

Planning BER

Map of the planned (lighter) and existing (darker) structures of the future airport.

The primary reason for the construction of a new airport is to increase the airport capacity for the Berlin-Brandenburg region as two of the three existing airports are operating well beyond their maximum planned capacity. The decision for the Schönefeld site was made on 13 August 2004.[4] It calls for an expansion of the existing Schönefeld airport into a single airport that will replace the three existing airports in and around Berlin. Indeed the 2008 closure of “Tempelhof International Airport” and 2012 closure of “Berlin-Tegel International Airport” were set as a prerequisite for opening BER to traffic.[5][6]

In 2007, a total of 20 million passengers have used the three existing airports. The most congested airport is Tegel, which has a planned capacity for 9.5 million, but handled over 13 million passengers in 2007.[7] The first phase of BER is scheduled to open in late 2011 and will have an initial capacity for up to 30 million passengers.[8] Additional terminals have already been incorporated into the plans and the final capacity after completion of all juridically warranted expansions is given as 50 million passenger per year.

Construction

Construction work as of July 2008.

After a ten-year administrative court struggle, the federal administrative court in Leipzig gave the go-ahead for the project on 16 March 2006 by ruling in favour of Berlin and against challenges by residents and municipalities near the future airport.

Construction work began on 5 September 2006. The initial projects were the access roads for the construction site and the extension of the future northern runway (the only physical feature BER will share with the existing Schönefeld airport). In 2007, work started on the railway tunnel that will run underneath the airfield and the Bundesautobahn 113 (A 113), connecting the new terminal to the motorway network, was completed. The construction work for the new terminal began in 2008 and by 2011, the airport fire brigade moved into its newly built facilities. The new airport was scheduled to open for traffic in late October 2011,[9] which was subsequently postponed by 7 months to 3 June 2012.[10] In 2004–2005, the inhabitants of the village of Diepensee (population 335) and parts of Selchow (35 residents) were resettled to either Königs Wusterhausen or Großziethen, since the areas were to become part of the future airport.[11][12]

Both the expansion of the airport into BER as well as the quality of the connection to the railway network are subject of public debate. The Bürgerverein Brandenburg-Berlin e.V. represents local residents who protest against an expansion of air traffic to and from the south of Berlin. Also, experts for traffic and environmental issues criticize the late completion dates for the fast connection to the central station. Still, Berlin Hauptbahnhof will be connected within 30 minutes with trains departing every 15 minutes upon inauguration. By 2020 at the latest, this will be reduced to 20 minutes thanks to the reconstruction of the Dresdner bahn.[13]

Naming

The airport is named after Nobel Peace Laureate Willy Brandt, former Mayor of West Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany.

From the opening in 2012 onwards, the Berlin Brandenburg Airport will use the letters BER, the current Metropolitan Area Code for the two Berlin airports, as IATA code.

On 11 December 2009, the social-democratic city government of Berlin announced that Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport would receive the secondary name "Willy Brandt", after the former West German chancellor, mayor of West Berlin, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.[14][15]

Opposition parties in the Berlin city council opposed the decision, the conservative Christian Democratic Union preferring Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Albert Einstein, or Marlene Dietrich and the liberal Free Democratic Party preferring liberal politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Gustav Stresemann.[14]

City government spokesman Günter Kolodziej announced the airport's primary name would retain the name "Berlin" for sake of travelers from abroad.

Infrastructure

Planned layout of the airport when it opens

During the construction of the new airport, some 3,400,000 tonnes (3,300,000 long tons; 3,700,000 short tons) of concrete will be used and 14 km (8.7 mi) of temporary access roads, nineteen new road bridges as well as a network of approximately 20 km (12 mi) of permanent roads will be built.

With the beginning of construction work in October 2006, an information and exhibition centre called Airportworld BER was opened between the S-Bahn stop Berlin-Schönefeld Flughafen and Schönefeld airport.[16]

Since November 2007, there also is the BER-Infotower, which is situated in the central part of the construction site for the new terminal complex. From the top of the tower it is possible to get an overview of the entire construction site.[17] The transparent and twisted tower, intended as a temporary construction, will remain after work is completed, greeting arrivals from the autobahn.

Runways

In December 2007, the old northern runway of Schönefeld airport was closed and dismantled to enable the construction of the final 650 m (2,130 ft) of the A 113. Hence, Schönefeld airport will be operating with a single runway until the opening of BER in 2012.

In late 2007, the southern, asphalt runway (07R/25L) of Schönefeld airport was extended from 3,000 to 3,600 m (9,800 to 11,800 ft).[18] This runway will serve as the northern runway for BER. An additional, concrete runway with a length of 4,000 m (13,000 ft) and a width of 60 m (200 ft) was constructed to the south of the new terminal.

With a distance of 1,900 m (6,200 ft) between the parallel runways, these are enabled to operate independently and without wake turbulence interferences.

Terminal

Panorama view of the construction site for the terminal buildings in July 2010.

The terminal building will be situated between the two runways, creating a midfield airport. The main pier is 750 m (2,460 ft) long, the two piers to the north and the south are 350 m (1,150 ft) each. The terminal will have an initial capacity of up to 30 million passengers, with the option of expanding the capacity through the construction of two additional satellite terminals parallel to the initial building. With all additions, the final capacity will be of 50 million passengers.

In the first phase, the terminal will have 25 jet bridges. The southern pier will be reserved exclusively for Air Berlin, while the northern pier features minimalistic design with "walk-boarding-gates"/airstairs instead of jet bridges to cater to the high demand from no-frills Low-cost airlines. The new terminal building will also feature gates able to handle the Airbus A380.

The first module of the midfield cargo facilities will have a capacity of 60,000 tonnes (59,000 long tons; 66,000 short tons) of cargo per year. With the completion of all planned expansions, this can be expanded to handle up to 600,000 tonnes (590,000 long tons; 660,000 short tons) per year.

The terminal will include an underground railway station.

Government terminal

The Luftwaffe will be stationed in an officially designated airport area, to serve the German Federal Government

The German Federal Government is relocating its VIP jets (“Flugbereitschaft”) currently stationed in Cologne Bonn Airport to Berlin, creating a military part to the north of the northern runway. This will eliminate the need to fly the two Airbus A340, six Airbus A310, two Airbus A319CJ and four Bombardier Global 5000 to Berlin each time they are to collect officials in the capital.[19][20]

To this end, a representative, wood-and-glass terminal is being built in a birch tree grove for at least 310 million Euros. It will be situated next to the current SXF terminal, and will also be used for state visits. With completion postponed until 2014, the current SXF terminal will be used as an interim solution.[21]

Business park

The area surrounding BER is zoned as a commercial district. Plans call for the construction of shopping centers and parking structures as well as industrial, commercial and office spaces.

Situated directly at the terminal complex will be the BER Airport City with an area of 16 ha (40 acres). Marketing of the real estate has begun in autumn 2006 and beginning in 2009 offices, hotels, car rentals, four parking decks with a capacity of 10,000, restaurants and retailers are built here.

To the north is the BER Business Park Berlin with a planned area of 109 ha (270 acres) for industrial and commercial use as well as congress centers.

A further Business Park North was planned as a future use of the area of the old Schönefeld terminal. However, so far there are no definite plans for the future use of this area.

ILA Berlin Air Show

The ILA Berlin Air Show is one of the worlds largest international aerospace exhibitions and trade fairs. A Eurocopter Tiger on display in 2010 (left) and the Patrouille Suisse (right)

The ILA Berlin Air Show is one of the world's largest international aerospace exhibitions and trade fairs, held biennially on the southern section of Berlin-Schönefeld Airport since 1992.[22]

In 2012 it will be held at the new Berlin ExpoCenter Airport built specifically to this end in the southwestern section of the Berlin Brandenburg Airport for the first time.

The ILA is organised jointly by the association representing the German aerospace industry, Bundesverband der Deutschen Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie (BDLI) e.V., Berlin, and by the Messe Berlin GmbH.

The ILA’s main display sections include commercial aviation, aerospace, military aviation and military technology, equipment and engines, general aviation and helicopters.

Airlines and destinations

Air Berlin will operate as the main carrier.

Air Berlin laid the foundations for the first maintenance hangar at Berlin Brandenburg Airport on 21 March 2011. Air Berlin, which will use the hangar together with Germania as from June 2012, has thus doubled the maintenance capacity of Air Berlin Technik at its future Berlin site.[23] Lufthansa Technik is also building a 16 million Euro hangar.[24]

In July 2010, it was announced that Air Berlin would be joining the global airline alliance Oneworld.[25] Full membership is planned for the start of 2012.[26] Air Berlin is the second largest airline in Germany and will use the Berlin Brandenburg airport as its main intercontinental hub.

In summer 2011, 88 airlines serve 164 destinations in 54 countries from Berlin airports (TXL and SXF).[27] 28 connections are non-European, 13 destinations are intercontinentally served. Among the longhaul flights are connections to New York City, Bejing, Doha, Bangkok, Phuket, Dubai, Miami, Mombasa, Punta Cana, Varadero and Ulan Bator.
Airline operations at Tegel and Schönefeld airports will be merged in BER on 3 June 2012, when two airports will relocate simultaneously in only one night, a historic first.[28]

All services will begin 3 June 2012 unless otherwise stated.

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aerosvit Airlines Dnipropetrovsk
Air Berlin Alicante, Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Dubai, Faro, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gdańsk, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Graz, Helsinki, Hurghada, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Linz, Los Angeles, Luxor, Málaga, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mombasa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, New York-JFK, Nuremberg, Olbia, Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Saarbrücken, Salzburg, Sharm el-Sheikh, Stockholm-Arlanda, St Petersburg, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Chania, Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Minorca, Naples, Phuket, Punta Cana, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Rønne/Bornholm, Samos, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Varadero, Visby, Westerland/Sylt
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
airBaltic Riga
Arkia Israel Airlines Charter: Tel Aviv
Armavia Seasonal: Yerevan
Atlasjet Charter: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Minsk
BMI London-Heathrow
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Cirrus Airlines Mannheim
Condor Agadir, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Chania, Constanta, Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba, Heraklion, Jerez, Kos, Rhodes, Palma de Mallorca, Santorini, Tivat
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split
Czech Airlines Prague
EasyJet Agadir, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bristol, Brussels, Budapest, Cagliari, Copenhagen, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Liverpool, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Mykonos [begins 24 June 2012], Rhodes [begins 23 June 2012], Split
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Finnair Helsinki
Freebird Airlines Charter: Antalya
Germania Charter: Burgas, Debrecen, Palma de Mallorca, Sármellék
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Maastricht/Aachen, Munich, Pristina, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Heraklion, Pula
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital
Iberia Madrid
Iceland Express Reykjavik-Keflavik
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavik
InterSky Friedrichshafen
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jat Airways Belgrade
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford
KLM Amsterdam
KLM operated by KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw
LOT operated by EuroLOT Warsaw
Lufthansa Barcelona, Bastia [begins 9 June 2012], Beirut, Bergen [begins 6 June 2012], Birmingham, Bologna, Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dubrovnik [begins 9 June 2012], Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Helsinki, Istanbul-Ataturk [begins 4 June 2012], Izmir, Lyon, Malaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Moscow-Vnukovo, Munich, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Reykjavik-Keflavík [begins 7 June 2012], Rome-Fiumicino, Split [begins 7 June 2012], Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Valencia [begins 6 June 2012], Vienna, Westerland/Sylt, Zadar [begins 9 June 2012], Zagreb
Lufthansa Regional operated by Augsburg Airways Munich
Lufthansa Regional operated by Contact Air Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Lufthansa Regional operated by Eurowings Düsseldorf, Nuremberg
Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Sandefjord, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
OLT Jetair Gdańsk, Wrocław
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya St Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Ryanair Dublin, East Midlands, London-Stansted, Milan-Orio al Serio, Oslo-Rygge, Stockholm-Skavsta
Seasonal: Edinburgh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Sky Airlines Charter: Antalya
Sky Work Airlines Bern
Skyways Express Geneva, Vilnius
Spanair Barcelona
SunExpress Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
SunExpress operated by SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Kayseri, Gaziantep, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Sharm El Sheikh
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Swiss operated by Swiss European Airlines Zürich
Syrian Air Damascus, Vienna
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Transavia Amsterdam
TUIfly Summer Season: Dalaman, Heraklion, Kos, Rhodes
Winter Season: Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor, Tenerife-South
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
United Airlines operated by Continental Airlines Newark
Vueling Airlines : Winter Season: Madrid
Wind Jet Rimini

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Feeder Paris-Charles de Gaulle
TNT Airways Gdańsk, Katowice, Liège
West Air Sweden Cologne/Bonn

Busiest routes

Combined total passengers at TXL and SXF in 2010[29]

Lufthansa will be the second largest passenger carrier at the Berlin Brandenburg Airport (left). Germania will operate charter flights (right).
Germanwings (left) and EasyJet (right) are the largest operators at SXF in 2011
Destination
Airport(s)
Passengers
Flag of Germany.svg Munich MUC
1,816,693
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt FRA
1,610,372
Flag of Germany.svg Cologne CGN
1,379,294
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London LGW, LHR, LTN, STN
1,281,842
Flag of Germany.svg Stuttgart STR
985,857
Flag of Germany.svg Düsseldorf DUS
930,865
Flag of France.svg Paris CDG, ORY
884,195
Flag of Switzerland.svg Zurich ZRH
802,464
Flag of Spain.svg Palma de Mallorca PMI
584,709
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna VIE
554,663
Flag of Turkey.svg Antalya AYT
435,545
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam AMS
432,187
Flag of Russia.svg Moscow DME, SVO, VKO
431,007
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul IST, SAW
406,063
Flag of Spain.svg Madrid MAD
397,646

Statistics

The future Berlin Brandenburg Airport is publicly owned by the Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH, an airport company. The members of the company are the states of Berlin and Brandenburg equally holding 37% of the shares. The Federal Republic of Germany, the third member, holds 26% of the shares. The two managing directors are Prof. Dr. Rainer Schwarz and Dr. Manfred A. Körtgen. In 2011 the airport company operates the soon to be closed Tegel airport (TXL) and the Schönefeld airport (SXF).

Combined TXL & SXF – Airport and Traffic Data [30]

Year
Revenue[]
Employees
Passengers
Change
Freight [t]
Change
Post [t]
Movements
Change
TXL/SXF 2010 506,360,038 1,468 22,323,511 increase06.4% 36,675 increase025,2% 4,806 235,165 increase01.5%


Access

Location

Berlin in Germany and Europe (left) and the city's metropolitan area (right)

The Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER) is located in Schönefeld, a town of 13,000 inhabitants in the German state of Brandenburg. It is situated 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Berlin's city center in northeastern Germany and covers an area of 1.470 hektar.

The airport serves the German capital Berlin with its population of 3.5 million people, and the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region with a total population of around 6 million inhabitants.

The airport is part of the Time zone CET (UTC+1) and, from the last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October, operates according to CEST (UTC+2). Located in the European Plains, the airport's region is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate experiencing hot dry summers and cold snowy winters.

Rail

Map of future rail connections in Berlin and Brandenburg. An express line will serve the Berlin Hauptbahnhof in 30 minutes.

The terminal will be connected to a 3.1 km (1.9 mi) long railway tunnel running from east to west underneath the apron and the terminal complex. As the nine tunnel sections are the first structures to be built, they can be constructed in the form of conventional excavations.

A railway station with six tracks will be part of the tunnel. Two tracks will serve as a terminus for the S-Bahn – with the S9 serving the north and the S45 serving the southern public transit ring, while the other four tracks will handle InterCity, Intercity-Express and Regional-Express trains. It was confirmed in august 2011 that multiple daily Intercity-Express and InterCity will connect the airport to Bielefeld, Hannover, Hamburg, Dresden, Leipzig, Halle, Wolfsburg, as well as EuroCity trains connecting to Wroclaw and Krakow in Poland, Amsterdam and the Czech Republic.[31]

About half of all passengers are estimated to access BER by rail. An express line (Regionalbahn) will connect the airport with the Berlin Hauptbahnhof (Berlin central station) in 30 minutes.[32] Two more stops, Potsdamer Platz and Berlin Südkreuz, will be part of the Airport Express. Over 10 % of passengers are expected from Poland, making BER one of the biggest airports for Poland and the official airport of the 2012 European Football Championship venues in western Poland.

The railway station will form the lowest level of the terminal complex and will be situated at a depth of 14.5 m (48 ft) under the surrounding ground level. A total of 33 km (21 mi) of track and 23 Railroad switches will be laid.[33]

Road

Freeway map of Berlin

The Berlin Brandenburg Airport will be connected with its own exit to the outer freeway ring A10 and to the city freeway A100.

A 113, the southern Berlin freeway in the direction of Dresden will be relocated and expanded to six lanes. A continuation of A 113 along the Teltow canal forms the connection to the Berlin city freeway A 100. The highway 96a will be expanded to four lanes in the section towards Potsdam.

Four car parks and a car rental centre will be installed by the time BER opens. Around 10,000 parking spaces will be available for arriving and departing passengers. Parking spaces are built as four multi-storey car parks, each with 2,200 spots.

Bus

Public transport connections at the new airport will include numerous bus services. The express buses X7 and X11 connect BER and U-Bahn Rudow, the underground line U7, every five minutes. The X11 bus continues to Lichterfelde-West and on to Dahlem. Other bus lines also stop off at a number of stations, providing connections with Berlin’s public transport network and destinations in Brandenburg.

Accidents and incidents

German Democratic Republic/ SXF era
  • On 14 August 1972, an Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft of Interflug (registration DM-SEA) enroute to Burgas Airport crashed shortly after take-off from Schönefeld Airport near Königs Wusterhausen, killing all 156 passenger and crew on board. See Interflug Flight DM-SEA [sic].
  • On 22 November 1977, a Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft of Interflug (registration DM-SCM) crashed upon landing at Schönefeld Airport due to a falsely configured autopilot. There were no fatalities among the 74 passenger and crew, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[34]
Berlin-Schönefeld Airport, the main airport of the GDR. After take-off in 1972, the Interflug Flight DM-SEA crashed. 156 passengers and crew perished.
  • On 19 August 1978, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 165, a LOT flight from Gdansk Airport to Schönefeld (carried out on a Tupolev Tu-134, registration SP-LGC),was hijacked and forced to land at Tempelhof Airport in West Berlin, thus having been used as a means for escaping the Eastern Bloc. In these cases, perpetrators were usually not charged by Western authorities.[35]
  • On 12 December 1986, an Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134 (registration CCCP-65795) coming from Minsk Airport crashed in Berlin-Bohnsdorf on its approach towards Schönefeld airport, after having attempted to land on a runway that was temporary blocked for construction work, killing 72 of the 82 passengers and crew on board.[36]
  • On 17 July 1989, an Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft of Interflug (registration DDR-SEW) bound for Moscow crashed shortly after take-off into a field near the airport and caught fire. 21 people on board as well as one person on the ground were killed. The East German authorities feared an act of sabotage due to the anniversary of the 17 June 1953, which lead to a delayed aid for injured people. West German rescuers offering help were denied access to the scene. The cause for the accident was later given as a jammed rudder due to a construction failure.[37]
Federal Republic of Germany/ SXF era
  • On 28 March 2000, a Boeing 737-300 of Germania (registration D-AGES) operating a charter flight on behalf of LTU from Tenerife South Airport to Berlin-Schönefeld was the subject of an attempted hijack in mid-flight. A passenger forced his way into the cockpit, where he attacked the pilot, leading to a sudden loss of altitude. The perpetrator was restrained and the flight continued to Berlin.[38]
  • On 19 June 2010, a 1944-built, historic Douglas DC-3 D-CXXX of Berlin Air Services crashed shortly after take off on a local sightseeing flight, causing 7 injuries but no fatalities.[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ [|Tagesspiegel Online] (22 April 2008). "Lufthansa: Wir brauchen BBI [Lufthansa: We need BBI]" (in German). Berlin. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/Verkehr-Tempelhof-BBI;art18614,2517485. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  2. ^ [|Tagesspiegel Online] (25 June 2010). "Klaus Wowereit: Auch der neue BBI-Termin ist ehrgeizig [Klaus Wowereit: The new BBI-dead-line is ambitious]" (in German). Berlin. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/verkehr/klaus-wowereit-auch-der-neue-bbi-termin-ist-ehrgeizig/1868264.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  3. ^ [|Deutsche Welle] (16 June 2011). "Building Berlin's new airport is a race against time [Building Berlin's new airport is a race against time]". http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,15156483,00.html. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Government of Brandenburg (13 August 2004). "Planfeststellungsbeschluss des Landes Brandenburg für den Ausbau des Flughafens Berlin-Brandenburg International [Resolution for the spatial planning of BBI by the state of Brandenburg]" (in German). Potsdam. http://www.mir.brandenburg.de/cms/detail.php?id=173010&_siteid=45. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Brandenburg Ministry for Infrastructure and Spatial Planning (13 August 2004). "Planfeststellungsbeschluss zum BBI des Brandenburgischen Ministeriums für Infrastruktur und Raumordnung [Resolution of spatial planning for BBI]" (in German) (pdf–501KByte). Potsdam. pp. 327–328, 355. http://www.mir.brandenburg.de/cms/media.php/2239/PFSB_283-350.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "Urteil des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts BVerwG 4 A 1073.04 [Ruling by the Federal Administrative Court of Germany, paragraph 193]" (in German) (pdf–1151kByte). Leipzig. 16 March 2006. p. 86. http://www.bverwg.bund.de/media/archive/3830.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Tegel – the business airport". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/Presse/Basisinfo/BerlinerFlughaefen/TXL.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Neumann, Peter (24 January 2008). "Platz für fünf Millionen Fluggäste mehr [Accommodate five million passengers more]" (in German). Berlin: Berliner Zeitung. http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-zeitung/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/2008/0124/berlin/0020/index.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. "Der Großflughafen soll jährlich 30 statt der bisher geplanten 25 Millionen Kunden abfertigen." 
  9. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Schedule of BBI construction work". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/BBI/FlughafenDerZukunft/Zeitplan/. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  10. ^ Berliner Morgenpost. "BER-Start um mehr als ein halbes Jahr verschoben". Berlin. http://www.morgenpost.de/berlin-aktuell/article1332014/BBI-Start-um-mehr-als-ein-halbes-Jahr-verschoben.html. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  11. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Facts and figures". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/BBI/ProjektAktuell/RueckblickUmsiedlung/ZahlenDatenFakten.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  12. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Diepensee and Selchow". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/BBI/ProjektAktuell/RueckblickUmsiedlung/DiepenseeSelchow.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  13. ^ [Reisezeitverlängerungen für Airport-Express-Reisende, Berliner Zeitung, 26 august 2011 http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-zeitung/berlin/356397/356398.php]
  14. ^ a b [|Tagesspiegel Online] (12 December 2009). "Berlin bekommt einen Kanzlerflughafen [Berlin gets a chancellor airport]" (in German). Berlin. http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/Verkehr-BBI-Willy-Brandt-Berliner-Flughaefen;art18614,2973414. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  15. ^ It is common for airports in Germany to have a secondary name. Cologne Bonn Airport is secondarily named after Konrad Adenauer, Berlin Tegel Airport after Otto Lilienthal, and Munich Airport after Franz Josef Strauss.
  16. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Airportworld BBI". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/Dialog/AirportworldBBI/Aktuelles/. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  17. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "BBI-Infotower". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/BBI/ProjektAktuell/Details/BBI-Infotower.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  18. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH (12 October 2007). "Closure of the south runway at Schoenefeld". Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/EN/Presse/Pressemitteilungen/2007/2007_10_12_Suedbahn.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  19. ^ Die Kanzlerin fliegt mit Wackeltisch, Der Spiegel, 31 march 2010
  20. ^ "Warum die Bundesregierung umweltschädlich ist". Berliner Morgenpost. http://www.morgenpost.de/politik/article734255/Warum_die_Bundesregierung_umweltschaedlich_ist.html. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  21. ^ "Kosten für Berliner Regierungsterminal steigen". airliners.de. http://www.airliners.de/verkehr/infrastruktur/kosten-fuer-berliner-regierungsterminal-steigen/22988. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  22. ^ "Groundbreaking ceremony at new ILA grounds". BDLI Press Release. 18 August 2011. http://www.bdli.de/en/images/pm_spatenstich%20e_.pdf. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  23. ^ airberlin, Germania, Harder & Partner and Berlin Airports celebrate laying of foundation stone for first maintenance hangar at BBI
  24. ^ "Lufthansa Technik: Spatenstich für BER-Wartungshalle". airliners.de. 21 June 2011. http://www.airliners.de/verkehr/infrastruktur/lufthansa-technik-spatenstich-fuer-ber-wartungshalle/24453. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  25. ^ "Air Berlin to join oneworld alliance". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 26 July 2010. http://blog.seattlepi.com/aerospace/archives/215767.asp?source=rss. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  26. ^ Air Berlin to join oneworld alliance
  27. ^ "Airport BBI: Einzigartige, historische Chance für Berlin und Brandenburg". airportzentrale.de. http://www.airportzentrale.de/?p=4940. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  28. ^ "Countdown zum BBI [airliners.de]" (in German). 1 June 2011. http://www.airliners.de/magazin/countdown-zum-bbi/24297. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  29. ^ "Luftverkehr auf allen Flugplätzen [Destatis]" (in German). 1 June 2011. http://www.destatis.de/jetspeed/portal/cms/Sites/destatis/Internet/DE/Content/Publikationen/Fachveroeffentlichungen/Verkehr/Luftverkehr/LuftverkehrAlleFlugplaetze2080620107004,property=file.pdf. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  30. ^ "Geschäftsbericht Berliner Flughäfen 2010" (in German). http://mag3.i-magazine.de/imag/Geschaeftsbericht_2010_1/. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  31. ^ [Schnell zum Flughafen geht es erst ab 2020, Berliner Zeitung, 27 august 2012]
  32. ^ Berliner Flughafen-Gesellschaft mbH. "Infoblatt BBI-Bahnhof [Flyer station of BBI]" (in German). Berlin. http://www.berlin-airport.de/DE/BBI/DasProjekt/Details/Bahnhof.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  33. ^ Business-on.de (21 November 2007). "Deutsche Bahn: Aufträge für Schienenanbindung Flughafen BBI vergeben [Contracts for the rail link to the BBI-airport are forgiven]" (in German). Berlin. http://berlin.business-on.de/auftraege-fuer-schienenanbindung-flughafen-bbi-vergeben_id99.html. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  34. ^ Interflug accident of 1977 at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  35. ^ LOT highjacking at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  36. ^ Aeroflot accident of 1986 at the Aviation Accident Database. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  37. ^ Interflug accident of 1989 at the Aviation Accident Database. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  38. ^ Germania attempted highjacking at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  39. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20100619-0. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
Bibliography
  • Bernd Kuhlmann: Schönefeld bei Berlin. 1 Amt, 1 Flughafen und 11 Bahnhöfe. Ges. für Verkehrspolitik und Eisenbahnwesen, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-89218-038-5.
  • Hans von Przychowski: Fehlstart oder Bruchlandung? Berlin-Brandenburger Flughafen-Politik. Verlorene Jahre – verlorene Millionen. Das Ringen um den BBI, 1990–2000, eine Zeittafel mit Kommentaren. NoRa, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-935445-26-1.

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