- List of modern conflicts in the Middle East
Middle East Countries (2011) Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, *Gaza Strip, Iran, Iraq, *Iraqi Kurdistan, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, *Northern Cyprus, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE, *West Bank, Yemen
- "Modern" is defined as post-Ottoman period, from 1918 until today.
- "Middle East" is traditionally defined as the Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia, Levant, Egypt) and neighbouring areas of Arabia, Anatolia and Iran. It currently encompasses the area from Egypt, Turkey and Cyprus in the West to Iran and the Persian Gulf at the East.
- "Conflict" is defined as a separate 100+ casualty incident.
- In all cases conflicts are listed by total deaths, including subconflicts.
- Greco-Turkish War - 70,000–400,000 casualties[verification needed]
- Franco-Turkish War - 40,000 casualties
- Turkish-Armenian War - 60,000–432,500 casualties
- Koçkiri Rebellion - 500 killed
- Revolt of Ahmet Anzavur - unknown
- Kuva-i Inzibatiye revolt - unknown
[b].^ Middle Eastern theatre of World War II 40,000 (combined casualty figure 12,338-14,898+) of:
- Anglo-Iraqi War - at least 560 killed
- Farhud 175-780 killed
- Syria-Lebanon Campaign 10,404-12,964 killed
- Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran 100-1,062 killed
- Bombing of Palestine in World War II 137 deaths
- Azerbaijan People's Republic crisis - 421 killed
- Republic of Mahabad crisis - unknown
- Civil interregnum - 500 killed
[d].^ Arab-Israeli Wars 51,000-65,000 casualties (combined casualty figure 51,438-62,468+) of:
- Arab-Israeli War (1948-1949) - 14,400 casualties
- Retribution Operations (1950s) - 3,456 casualties
- Suez War (1956) - 3,203 killed
- Six Day War (1967) - 13,976 killed
- War of Attrition (1967-1970) - 6,403 killed
- Yom Kippur War (1973) 10,000–21,000
- 1962 Coup d'état in Yemen
- Ramadan offensive
- Haradh offensive
- Royalist offensive 1965
- Siege of Sana'a 1967
- Karantina massacre
- Damour massacre
- Tel al-Zaatar massacre
- Operation Litani
- 1982 Lebanon War
- Sabra and Shatila massacre
- War of the Camps 1986-1987
- War of Liberation 1989-1990
[g].^ Iran-Iraq war 500,000-1,200,000 mortal casualties (combined death count 184,000+) of
- Iraqi invasion 1980
- Mujahedin al-Halq uprising 1981-1982
- Liberation of Khorramshahr 1982 - 17,000 casualties
- Operation Undeniable Victory 1982 - 50,000 mortal casualties
- Operation Ramadan 1982 - 80,000 killed
- Kurdish Rebellion 1983-1988 (including the Al-Anfal Campaign) 160,000-312,000 killed
- Operation before the Dawn 1983 - 6,000+ killed
- Operation Dawn 3 - 162,000 killed
- Operation Dawn 5 1984 - 50,000 killed
- Operation Dawn 6 1984
- Operation Khaibar 1984 - 49,000 killed
- Tanker War 1984
- Operation Badr (1985) - 30,000-32,000
- War of the Cities 1985-1987
- Operation Dawn-8 1986
- Operation Karbala-4 1986 - 15,000 killed
- Operation Karbala-5 - 85,000 killed
- Operation Nasr 4
- Operation Karbala-10
- Operation Mersad 1987 - 4,900 killed
- 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners 2,000 - 30,000 executed
- 2011 Yemeni uprising - 1,784-1,870 killed
- 2011 Egyptian revolution - 846 killed
- 2011 Bahraini uprising - 46 killed
- 2011 Lebanese protests - 18 killed
- List of modern conflicts in North Africa (the Maghreb region)
- List of conflicts in Asia
- List of conflicts in the Arab League
- ^ Albert Hourani et al., The modern Middle East: a reader. 1993: p.2.
- ^ Maria T. O'Shea. Trapped Between the Map and Reality: Geography and Perceptions of Kurdistan. Routledge, 2004: p.100 "Simultaneously, 1000 Christians were killed in Salmas, in a massacre instigated by Simko"
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Political Science. Middle East/North Africa/Persian Gulf Region. University of Central Arkansas. Retrieved 2011. 
- ^ New York Times
- ^ 
- ^ Jonathan Glancey (2003-04-19). "Our last occupation". London: Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/apr/19/iraq.arts. Retrieved 2011-02-01. "The rebellion was thwarted, with nearly 9,000 Iraqis killed."
- ^ Noel Joseph Guckian. British Relations with Trans-Jordan, 1920–1930. University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Ph.D Thesis: pp. 217–218. May 1985.
- ^ "Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls". Users.erols.com. http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat6.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ a b c d e 
- ^ Great Britain, 1930: Report of the Commission on the disturbances of August 1929, Command paper 3530 (Shaw Commission report), p. 65.
- ^ NA 59/8/353/84/867n, 404 Wailing Wall/279 and 280, Archdale Diary and Palestinian Police records.
- ^ Yusuf Mazhar, Cumhuriyet, 16 Temmuz 1930, ... Zilan harekatında imha edilenlerin sayısı 15,000 kadardır. Zilan Deresi ağzına kadar ceset dolmuştur...
- ^ Ahmet Kahraman, ibid, p. 211, Karaköse, 14 (Özel muhabirimiz bildiriyor) ...
- ^ Ayşe Hür, "Osmanlı'dan bugüne Kürtler ve Devlet-4", Taraf, October 23, 2008, Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- ^ M. Kalman, Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926–1930, Pêrî Yayınları, İstanbul, 1997, ISBN 9758245015, p. 105.
- ^ "Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) Berliner Tageblatt, October 3, 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert."
- ^ a b c d e "Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls". Users.erols.com. http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat7.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ a b c Rongxing Guo. Cross border resource management, theory and practice. Ed. S.V.Krupa. Elsevier, 2005: p.115.
- ^ 
- ^ a b c d "200 Years of Conflict: A Very British Century 1910–2010". David Charles.info. 2010-12-31. http://www.davidcharles.info/2010/12/200-years-of-conflict-very-british.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ David McDowall, A Modern History of the Kurds I.B.Tauris, 2002, ISBN 9781850434160, p. 209.
- ^ 
- ^ Mollo, p. 146
- ^ Ikhwanweb. Ikhwanweb
- ^ Ahmed Abdalla, The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)
- ^ a b c d e f g "CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008". Systemicpeace.org. http://www.systemicpeace.org/warlist.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ Pipes, Daniel (2007-10-08). "Arab-Israeli Fatalities Rank 49th". http://www.danielpipes.org/4990/arab-israeli-fatalities-rank-49th. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- ^  300 killed
- ^ 
- ^ a b 
- ^  "Since 1965, the Libyan-backed Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen and the National Liberation Front had unleashed brutal violence on British forces in the south. In the end, the conﬂict claimed some 200,000 lives."
- ^ Derek Hopwood. Syria 1945–1986: Politics and society. Unwin Himan ltd., 1988: p.45.
- ^ J.E.Peterson, British Counter-Insurgency Campaigns and Iraq. August 2009: p.12.
- ^ Seale, Patrick, Asad, the Struggle for the Middle East, University of California Press, 1989, p.93
- ^ James A.Paul et. al. Human Rights in Syria. Middle East Watch Organization, 1990: p.10.
- ^ 
- ^ Gil, Ata. La Turquie à marche forcée, Le Monde diplomatique, February 1981.
- ^ Devrimci Yol Savunması, Defense of the Revolutionary Path. Ankara, January 1989, pp. 118–119.
- ^  Al-Jazeera
- ^ John Pike. "Hama". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/syria/hama.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^  Libcom.
- ^ Daily Star Egypt Daily Star Egypt.
- ^ John Pike. "Kurdistan - Kurdish Conflict". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/kurdistan.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ A Question of Numbers Web: IranianVoice.org August 08, 2003 Rouzegar-Now Cyrus Kadivar
- ^ E. Baqi, `Figures for the Dead in the Revolution`, Emruz, July 30, 2003
- ^ "The History Guy". http://www.historyguy.com/wars_of_iran.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- ^ David McDowall. A Modern History of the Kurds (1996)
- ^ By JAY PETERZELL (1990-09-24). "The Gulf: Shi'Ites: Poorer Cousins". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,971225,00.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ Riyadh (10 January 1980). "63 Zealots beheaded for seizing Mosque". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://news.google.co.uk/newspapers?id=wesNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=rG0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6824,1266876&dq=grand-mosque&hl=en. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
- ^  Todays Zaman. Turkey tries to heal coup detat wounds. "During this coup 650,000 people were detained, prosecutors demanded the death penalty for 7,000 people, 517 were sentenced to death, and 50 were executed. A further 500 people died in prisons, some under suspicious circumstances, some during torture and others on hunger strikes. Sixteen prisoners were shot while attempting to escape. Official records say 74 others were killed during prison riots."
- ^  AlJazeera
- ^ a b Lawrence E. Cline. The Prospects of the Shia Insurgency Movement in Iraq. 
- ^ "Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls". Users.erols.com. http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat2.htm#Iran-Iraq. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ "Wars and Conflicts of Yemen (1914–present)". The History Guy. http://www.historyguy.com/wars_of_yemen.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ Europa Publications Limited, The Middle East & North Africa, Volume 50: p.303
- ^ K. McLachlan, Iran and the Continuing Crisis in the Persian Gulf. GeoJournal, Vol.28, Issue 3, Nov. 1992, p.359; "400 Die as Iranian Marchers Battle Saudi Police in Mecca; Embassies Smashed in Tehran..." New York Times, 8/2/87
- ^  AlJazeera
- ^ "Armed Conflicts Report – Egypt". Ploughshares.ca. http://www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/ACRText/ACR-Egypt.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ Jordi Tejel. Syria's Kurds: history, politics and society. 2009. p.156.
- ^ Matthew Duss and Peter Juul. The Fractured Shia of Iraq. Center for American Progress, January 2009. p.9.
- ^ Gamel, Kim (April 14, 2009). "AP Impact: Secret Tally Has 87,215 Iraqis Dead". Associated Press (via ABC News).
- ^ Leigh, David (October 22, 2010). "Iraq War Logs Reveal 15,000 Previously Unlisted Civilian Deaths — Leaked Pentagon Files Contain Records of More than 100,000 Fatalities Including 66,000 Civilians". The Guardian. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- ^ Rogers, Simon(October 23, 2010). "Wikileaks Iraq: Data Journalism Maps Every Death — Data Journalism Allows Us To Really Interrogate the Wikileaks Iraq War Logs Release. Here Is the Statistical Breakdown — and Data for You To Download". Data Blog — Facts Are Sacred (blog on The Guardian). Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- ^ "Iraq: The War Logs". The Guardian.
- ^ Carlstrom, Gregg (October 22, 2010; last modified October 24, 2010 (at November 21, 2010)). "WikiLeaks Releases Secret Iraq File — Al Jazeera Accesses 400,000 Secret US Military Documents, Which Reveal the Inside Story of the Iraq War". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- ^ Staff writer (October 23, 2010). "Iraq War Logs: What the Numbers Reveal". Iraq Body Count. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- ^ Goodenough, Patrick (2010-06-20). "Iran Executes Insurgent Leader, Accused of Ties With American Intelligence". CNSnews.com. http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/68098. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- ^ Massoud, Ansari (January 16, 2006). "Sunni group vows to behead Iranians". Washington Times. http://www.washtimes.com/world/20060116-124019-6619r.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-05.
- ^ MidEastWeb. Kurdish agony – the forgotten massacre of Qamishlo. March 2004. MidEastWeb
- ^ "Kurdish unrest erupts in Syria". BBC News. 2005-06-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4612993.stm.
- ^ "Bloody 2009– Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Yemenpost.net. http://yemenpost.net/Detail123456789.aspx?ID=3&SubID=1722&MainCat=2. Retrieved 2011-02-01. "The long ongoing war in Sa’ada that has killed over 8000 Yemenis in 2009 alone."
- ^ Armed Conflicts Report – Yemen. Ploughshares.ca. . Retrieved 2009-11-09.
- ^  Huthi sources put the number of casualties at 25,000
- ^ "Over 600 Palestinians killed in internal clashes since 2006". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3409548,00.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ "Palestinian Center for Human Rights". Pchrgaza.org. http://www.pchrgaza.org/files/weapon/english/weapon_press.html. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
- ^ Government casualties (AlJazeera) 
- ^ "Chaos prevails as protesters, police clash in Iranian capital". CNN. 2009-06-21. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/06/20/iran.election/index.html.
- ^ Government casualties AlArabiya
- ^ Al-Qaeda casualties: Foxnews , NYTimes , Washangton Post , Ynet News 
- ^ Vahakn N. Dadrian. (2003). The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 360–361. ISBN 1-5718-1666-6;
- ^ "Habbaniya War Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org/search/cemetery_details.aspx?cemetery=2014801&mode=1. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
- ^ Wavell, p. 3438
- ^ Maya Zamir, The Day of The bombing, Tel Aviv Magazine, 7th of September 2007 (Hebrew)[dead link]
- ^ Nat. Arch. 891.00/1-1547, 15 January 1947. Touraj Atabaki, Azerbaijan: Ethnicity and the Struggle for Power in Iran. [Revised Edition of Azerbaijan, Ethnicity and Autonomy in the Twentieth-Century Iran] London: I.B.Tauris, 2000. pg 227. "A British source cited by the US Embassy in Tehran gives the number of killed Democrats as 421. The American Embass’s report has been classified under wash."
- ^ Tadeusz Swietochowski, Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition. New York: Columbia. University Press, 1995. p. 154. "Rossow conservatively estimated 500 killed during the lawless interregnum that preceded the coming of the Iranian troops. Hundreds of others were tried and jailed, and scores were hanged."
- ^ "The Yom Kippur War". thenagain.info. http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/middleeast/YomKippurWar.html.
- ^ 
- ^ Robert Fisk: Assad's army remains defiant as it buries its dead
- ^ Russia resists Syria sanctions, Assad forces kill 22[dead link]
- ^ "Syrian forces kill 20 in anti-Assad protests". Dailystar.com.lb. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2011/Sep-16/148923-syrian-forces-kill-six-villagers-near-hama-activists.ashx#axzz1cFlfrpX0. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- ^ Breakaway Syrian Soldiers Seeking No-Fly Zone in Effort to Overthrow Assad
- ^ Thousands of demonstrators re-occupy square, after a violent attempt by security forces to evict them leaves 11 dead.
- ^ ... leaving behind 24 protesters dead, 329 injured and a divided and confused public
- ^ Three people were killed and 1,049 were wounded in the clashes that began on Friday and raged into the early hours of Saturday...
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of conflicts in the Middle East — There have been many conflicts in the Middle East since the time of the ancient Near East up until modern times.Ancient conflictsAkkadian conquestsBattle of KadeshPersian conquestsGreco Persian WarsMacedonian conquestsRoman Persian WarsMedieval… … Wikipedia
List of conflicts in the Near East — This article is about past conflicts in the Near East. For modern conflicts, see List of modern conflicts in the Middle East. A geographical map showing territories commonly considered part of the Near East. The area known as the Near East is… … Wikipedia
History of the Middle East — Further information: Timeline of Middle Eastern history Map of the Middle East This article is a general overview of the history of the Middle East. For more detailed information, see articles on the histories of individual countries and regions … Wikipedia
Middle East Theatre of World War II — … Wikipedia
Middle East — The Middle East redirects here. For other meanings, see Middle East (disambiguation). Middle East … Wikipedia
Beijing 2008 Olympic Games: Mount Olympus Meets the Middle Kingdom — Introduction officially Games of the XXIX Olympiad The Games of the XXIX Olympiad, involving some 200 Olympic committees and as many as 13,000 accredited athletes competing in 28 different sports, were auspiciously scheduled to begin at 8 … Universalium
France in the Middle Ages — Kingdom of France Royaume de France ← … Wikipedia
Middle Eastern theatre of World War I — Middle Eastern theatre Part of World War I Gallipoli Campaign, April 191 … Wikipedia
Modern warfare — redirects here. For the 2007 video game, see Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare. For other uses, see Modern warfare (disambiguation). Warfare Military history … Wikipedia
List of ongoing military conflicts — Major wars, 1,000+ deaths per year … Wikipedia