- Architectural style (National Register of Historic Places)
In the United States, the National Register of Historic Places classifies its listings by various types of architecture. Listed properties often are given one or more of 40 standard architectural style classifications that appear in the National Register Information System (NRIS) database. Other properties are given a custom architectural description with "vernacular" or other qualifiers, and others have no style classification. Many National Register-listed properties do not fit into the several categories listed here, or they fit into more specialized subcategories.
- See also: Category: Neoclassical architecture in the United States
- See also: Category: Classical Revival architecture in the United States by state
- Early Republic architecture redirects to here
Exotic Revival architecture
Exotic Revival architecture is another style that may reflect a mix of Moorish Revival architecture, Egyptian Revival architecture, and other influences. Just a few of many National Register-listed places identified with this style are El Zaribah Shrine Auditorium, Odd Fellows Rest Cemetery, Fort Smith Masonic Temple, and Algeria Shrine Temple.
Greek Revival architecture is a general term. It emerged following the War of 1812 and while a revolutionary war in Greece attracted America's interest. It was perhaps the first architectural fashion movement in the United States which was meant to explicitly reject previous English traditions such as Adamesque style. Greek Revival architecture was popularized by Minard Lafever's pattern books: The Young Builders' General Instructor in 1829, the Modern Builders' Guide in 1833, The Beauties of Modern Architecture in 1835, and The Architectural Instructor in 1850.
Greek Revival includes high-style and more vernacular versions such as the 1839 Simsbury Townhouse built by an unknown craftsman.
Palladian Revival architecture
Egyptian Revival architecture
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals
- Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals architecture redirects to here
Mid 19th Century Revival
- Mid 19th Century Revivals architecture redirects to here
- Mission/Spanish Revival architecture redirects to here
Mission/Spanish Revival is an amalgam of two distinct styles popular in different eras, the first - Mission Revival architecture and the second - Spanish Colonial Revival architecture. The combined term, as well as the individual terms, is often used in classification of buildings listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements
- Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements architecture redirects to here
"American Movements" is a phrase used also in visual arts of the United States to refer to U.S.-centered or -originated movements such as Pop Art, and such as in the art of Edward Hopper and Norman Rockwell. (Note: Hopper and Rockwell themselves portrayed various architectural styles in their paintings of small-town and urban America.)
- Bungalow/Craftsman architecture redirects to here
Bungalow/Craftsman is a term commonly appearing in National Register listings, which reflects American Craftsman styling and Bungalow building type. Craftsman style, depending on one's definition, may apply only to decorative arts of furniture and other objects while not to building architecture. Nonetheless, many thousands of craftsman-styled California Bungalow houses nation-wide have been built. When listed on the National Register, they usually receive the "Bungalow/Craftsman" classification.
- Early Commercial architecture redirects to here
There are many hundreds of National Register-listed buildings of this type.
- Plains Commercial architecture and Plains Commercial Style redirect to here
Plains Commercial is another variant of Commercial style. See also Commercial Style.
"Octagon Mode" architecture refers to Octagon houses built in a particular style. The term is used in at least 49 NRHP listings.
"Postmedieval English" architecture is a style term used for a number of NRHP listings, including William Ward Jr. House in Middlefield, Connecticut.
Complete list of 40 NRIS codings
The complete list of architectural style codes in NRIS is as follows:
Obs ARSTYLCD ARSTYL 1 01 NO STYLE LISTED 2 10 COLONIAL 3 11 GEORGIAN 4 20 EARLY REPUBLIC 5 21 FEDERAL 6 30 MID 19TH CENTURY REVIVAL 7 31 GREEK REVIVAL 8 32 GOTHIC REVIVAL 9 33 ITALIAN VILLA 10 34 EXOTIC REVIVAL 11 40 LATE VICTORIAN 12 41 GOTHIC 13 42 ITALIANATE 14 43 SECOND EMPIRE 15 44 STICK/EASTLAKE 16 45 QUEEN ANNE 17 46 SHINGLE STYLE 18 47 ROMANESQUE 19 48 RENAISSANCE 20 49 OCTAGON MODE 21 50 LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY REVIVALS 22 51 COLONIAL REVIVAL 23 52 CLASSICAL REVIVAL 24 53 TUDOR REVIVAL 25 54 LATE GOTHIC REVIVAL 26 55 MISSION/SPANISH REVIVAL 27 56 BEAUX ARTS 28 57 PUEBLO 29 60 LATE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN MOVEMENTS 30 61 PRAIRIE SCHOOL 31 62 EARLY COMMERCIAL 32 63 CHICAGO 33 64 SKYSCRAPER 34 65 BUNGALOW/CRAFTSMAN 35 70 MODERN MOVEMENT 36 71 MODERNE 37 72 INTERNATIONAL STYLE 38 73 ART DECO 39 80 OTHER 40 90 MIXED (MORE THAN 2 STYLES FROM DIFFERENT PERIODS)
- ^ a b c d e "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ Jan Cunningham (July 15, 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Simsbury Townhouse / Boy Scout Hall". National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/93000209.pdf. and Accompanying 5 photos, exterior and interior, from 1992 (see captions page 7 of text document)
U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other
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