Architectural style (National Register of Historic Places)


Architectural style (National Register of Historic Places)

In the United States, the National Register of Historic Places classifies its listings by various types of architecture. Listed properties often are given one or more of 40 standard architectural style classifications that appear in the National Register Information System (NRIS) database. Other properties are given a custom architectural description with "vernacular" or other qualifiers, and others have no style classification. Many National Register-listed properties do not fit into the several categories listed here, or they fit into more specialized subcategories.[1]

Contents

Classical Revival

See also: Category: Neoclassical architecture in the United States
See also: Category: Classical Revival architecture in the United States by state

Early Republic

Early Republic architecture redirects to here

Exotic Revival architecture

Exotic Revival architecture is another style that may reflect a mix of Moorish Revival architecture, Egyptian Revival architecture, and other influences. Just a few of many National Register-listed places identified with this style are El Zaribah Shrine Auditorium, Odd Fellows Rest Cemetery, Fort Smith Masonic Temple, and Algeria Shrine Temple.[1]

Federal architecture

Greek Revival

Gable-front, Greek Revival Simsbury Townhouse built 1839 in Simsbury, Connecticut

Greek Revival architecture is a general term. It emerged following the War of 1812 and while a revolutionary war in Greece attracted America's interest. It was perhaps the first architectural fashion movement in the United States which was meant to explicitly reject previous English traditions such as Adamesque style. Greek Revival architecture was popularized by Minard Lafever's pattern books: The Young Builders' General Instructor in 1829, the Modern Builders' Guide in 1833, The Beauties of Modern Architecture in 1835, and The Architectural Instructor in 1850.

Greek Revival includes high-style and more vernacular versions such as the 1839 Simsbury Townhouse built by an unknown craftsman.[2]

Palladian Revival architecture

Egyptian Revival architecture

Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals

Naval Lodge Elks Building, showing Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals architecture
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals architecture redirects to here

Mid 19th Century Revival

Mid 19th Century Revivals architecture redirects to here

Mission/Spanish Revival

Mission/Spanish Revival architecture redirects to here

Mission/Spanish Revival is an amalgam of two distinct styles popular in different eras, the first - Mission Revival architecture and the second - Spanish Colonial Revival architecture. The combined term, as well as the individual terms, is often used in classification of buildings listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Pueblo Revival

Mayan Revival

Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements

Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements architecture redirects to here

"American Movements" is a phrase used also in visual arts of the United States to refer to U.S.-centered or -originated movements such as Pop Art, and such as in the art of Edward Hopper and Norman Rockwell. (Note: Hopper and Rockwell themselves portrayed various architectural styles in their paintings of small-town and urban America.)

Bungalow/Craftsman

Bungalow/Craftsman architecture redirects to here

Bungalow/Craftsman is a term commonly appearing in National Register listings, which reflects American Craftsman styling and Bungalow building type. Craftsman style, depending on one's definition, may apply only to decorative arts of furniture and other objects while not to building architecture. Nonetheless, many thousands of craftsman-styled California Bungalow houses nation-wide have been built. When listed on the National Register, they usually receive the "Bungalow/Craftsman" classification.

Early Commercial

Early Commercial architecture redirects to here

There are many hundreds of National Register-listed buildings of this type.[1]

It may be a subtype of Commercial style, i.e. it may be a predecessor of the full Chicago school style architecture.[citation needed]

Plains Commercial

Plains Commercial architecture and Plains Commercial Style redirect to here

Plains Commercial is another variant of Commercial style. See also Commercial Style.

Octagon Mode

"Octagon Mode" architecture refers to Octagon houses built in a particular style. The term is used in at least 49 NRHP listings.

Postmedieval English

"Postmedieval English" architecture is a style term used for a number of NRHP listings, including William Ward Jr. House in Middlefield, Connecticut.

Complete list of 40 NRIS codings

The complete list of architectural style codes in NRIS is as follows:[1]

  Obs    ARSTYLCD    ARSTYL
    1       01       NO STYLE LISTED
    2       10       COLONIAL
    3       11       GEORGIAN
    4       20       EARLY REPUBLIC
    5       21       FEDERAL
    6       30       MID 19TH CENTURY REVIVAL
    7       31       GREEK REVIVAL
    8       32       GOTHIC REVIVAL
    9       33       ITALIAN VILLA
   10       34       EXOTIC REVIVAL
   11       40       LATE VICTORIAN
   12       41       GOTHIC
   13       42       ITALIANATE
   14       43       SECOND EMPIRE
   15       44       STICK/EASTLAKE
   16       45       QUEEN ANNE
   17       46       SHINGLE STYLE
   18       47       ROMANESQUE
   19       48       RENAISSANCE
   20       49       OCTAGON MODE
   21       50       LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY REVIVALS
   22       51       COLONIAL REVIVAL
   23       52       CLASSICAL REVIVAL
   24       53       TUDOR REVIVAL
   25       54       LATE GOTHIC REVIVAL
   26       55       MISSION/SPANISH REVIVAL
   27       56       BEAUX ARTS
   28       57       PUEBLO
   29       60       LATE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN MOVEMENTS
   30       61       PRAIRIE SCHOOL
   31       62       EARLY COMMERCIAL
   32       63       CHICAGO
   33       64       SKYSCRAPER
   34       65       BUNGALOW/CRAFTSMAN
   35       70       MODERN MOVEMENT
   36       71       MODERNE
   37       72       INTERNATIONAL STYLE
   38       73       ART DECO
   39       80       OTHER
   40       90       MIXED (MORE THAN 2 STYLES FROM DIFFERENT PERIODS)

See also

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries: