John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey

John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey

Infobox Military Person
name=The Lord Tovey
lived=7 March 1885 - 12 January 1971
placeofdeath=Queen Alexandra Military Hospital

caption=Admiral of the Fleet Sir J C Tovey at his desk, most likely while serving as Commander in Chief Nore, at Chatham, Kent
nickname= Jack
allegiance=United Kingdom
branch=Royal Navy
serviceyears=1901 - death
rank=Admiral of the Fleet
commands=HMS "Onslow" HMS "Faulknor", HMS "Britannia", HMS "Majestic", HMS "Amphion", HMS Rodney (1914 - 1919)
HMS Seawolf (1 Aug 1922 - (Aug 1923)
HMS Bruce & Captain (D), 8th Destroyer Flotilla (31 Dec 1924 - Jan 1925)
HMS Campbell & Captain (D), 6th Destroyer Flotilla (19 Apr 1926 - May 1926)
HMS "Rodney" (12 Apr 1932 - Jan 1934)
Commodore RN Barracks, Chatham (30 Jan 1935 - Feb 1937
Destroyer Flotillas, Mediterranean Fleet (5 Mar 1938 - 12 Mar 1940
7th Cruiser Squadron (Mediterranean) (Jun 1940)
1st Battle Squadron (Sep 1940 - Dec 1940)
Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet (2 Dec 1940 - 8 May 1943
Commander-in-Chief, the Nore 7 (Jul 1943 - 1946)
battles=World War I
- Jutland
World War II
- "Bismarck"
awards= [ [ World War II unit histories & officers ] ]

Admiral of the Fleet John Cronyn Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey, GCB, KBE, DSO, DCL (March 7, 1885 - January 12, 1971) was a Royal Navy admiral.

He was educated at Durnford Preparatory School, Langton Matravers, joining the school shortly before another future British admiral, Geoffrey Oliver.cite journal | author = Stephen Roskill | title = Admiral Sir Geoffery Oliver GBE, KBE, DSO** | journal = The Naval Review | date = January 1981 | volume = 69 | issue = 1 | pages=4-9 | url = | format = PDF | accessdate=2008-09-12]

Tovey entered the Royal Navy at age 14. At the start of the First World War, Tovey served on the cruiser "Amphion" and later commanded the destroyer HMS "Onslow" during the Battle of Jutland for which he was awarded the DSO.

During the interbellum, Imperial Defence Course (1927), Imperial Defence College (HMS "President"). 09.06.1928 - (04.)1930 HMS "Victory" (RN base, Portsmouth) (for miscellaneous services) [Assistant Director of Tactical School, 1928-1929] . Tovey commanded various shore positions until, in 1932, he was given command of the battleship HMS "Rodney". After his command of "Rodney", Tovey was promoted to commodore and then to rear admiral and served as flag officer in the Mediterranean. 09.05.1935 - 27.08.1935 Naval ADC to the King. 04.12.1937 - (02.)1938 senior officers' war course, RN War College, Greenwich [HMS President] .

When Italy declared war in 1940, Tovey was vice admiral Light Forces and Second-in-Command of the Mediterranean Fleet. In November 1940 he was appointed Commander-In-Chief, Home Fleet in the acting rank of admiral and served in that capacity until 1942. As commander of the Home Fleet he had several clashes with Dudley Pound, the First Sea Lord and Winston Churchill. His most notable achievement was sinking the "Bismarck".

After the "Bismarck" action, Tovey resisted moves to court-martial the "Prince of Wales"' captain, John Leach, and Frederic Wake-Walker, the admiral commanding "Suffolk" and "Norfolk", who had broken off the battle with "Bismarck" after "Hood" had been sunk. Tovey was appalled and a row ensued between Tovey and his superior, Pound. Tovey stated that the two officers had acted correctly in the circumstances. He threatened to resign his position and appear at any court-martial as 'defendant's friend' and defence witness. No more was heard of the proposal.

In June 1943, Tovey became Commander-in-Chief, the Nore, with responsibility for controlling the east coast convoys and organizing minesweeping operations. A couple of months later he was promoted to Admiral of the Fleet.

Tovey retired from active employment in 1946, although as an Admiral of the Fleet he remained on the active list for life. In the same year, Tovey (who signed himself "Jack" rather than John) was ennobled as Baron Tovey, of Langton Matravers, a title which became extinct on his death.


External links

* [ Transcription of Official Service Records on]
* [ John Tovey: Appreciation and obituary]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cyril Newall, 1st Baron Newall — Marshal of the Royal Air Force The Right Honourable The Lord Newall GCB OM GCMG CBE AM Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall …   Wikipedia

  • Baron Tovey — Baron Tovey, of Langton Matravers was a title created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 11 February 1946 for the former Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Tovey, on whose death on 12 January 1971 the barony became extinct.Barons Tovey… …   Wikipedia

  • Tovey — can refer to:People* Bramwell Tovey, conductor and composer * Donald Francis Tovey, musical analyst, musicologist * Eric Tovey, wrestler * Frank Tovey, deceased UK musician, who also recorded under the name Fad Gadget * Jessica Tovey, actress *… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford — The Viscount Portal of Hungerford Portrait photograph of Portal taken at the Air Ministry in London. Nickname …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Blundell Maple, 1st Baronet — (1 March 1845 – 24 November 1903) was an English business magnate. He was educated at King s College London. His father, John Maple, had a small furniture shop in Tottenham Court Road, London, and his business began to develop about the time that …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (J) — # J XX # J Malan Heslop # J. Aird Nesbitt # J. Allen Frear, Jr. # J. B. Stoner # J. Braid # J. C. Gilbert # J. Caleb Boggs # J. Carson Mark # J. D. Salinger # J. D. Tippit # J. Douglas Blackwood # J. F. Lehmann # J. Fraser McLuskey # J. Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • Midsomer Norton — Coordinates: 51°17′03″N 2°28′54″W / 51.2842°N 2.4817°W / 51.2842; 2.4817 …   Wikipedia

  • Тови, Джон — Джон Тови, 1 й барон Тови англ. John Cronyn Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey …   Википедия

  • 1971 — This article is about the year 1971. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1940s  1950s  1960s  – 1970s –  1980s   …   Wikipedia

  • November 10 — << November 2011 >> Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.