Photosynth technology showing Spider Meadows in Central Washington
Developer(s) Microsoft Stable release 2.110.317.1042 / March 18, 2010 Type 3D modelling, Panorama stitching Website photosynth.net
Photosynth is a software application from Microsoft Live Labs and the University of Washington that analyzes digital photographs and generates a three-dimensional model of the photos and a point cloud of a photographed object. Pattern recognition components compare portions of images to create points, which are then compared to convert the image into a model. Users are able to view and generate their own models using a software tool available for download at the Photosynth website.
Photosynth is based on Photo Tourism, a research project by University of Washington graduate student Noah Snavely. Shortly after Microsoft's acquisition of Seadragon in early 2006, that team began work on Photosynth, under the direction of Seadragon founder Blaise Aguera y Arcas.
Microsoft released a free tech preview version on November 9, 2006. Users could view models generated by Microsoft or the BBC, but not create their own models at that time. Microsoft teamed up with NASA on August 6, 2007 allowing users to preview its Photosynth technology showing the Space Shuttle Endeavour. On August 20, 2007, a preview showing the tiles of Endeavour during the backflip process was made available for viewing.
On August 20, 2008, Microsoft officially released Photosynth to the public, allowing users to upload their images and generate their own Photosynth models.
The Photosynth technology works in two steps. The first step involves the analysis of multiple photographs taken of the same area. Each photograph is processed using an interest point detection and matching algorithm developed by Microsoft Research which is similar in function to UBC's Scale-invariant feature transform. This process identifies specific features, for example the corner of a window frame or a door handle. Features in one photograph are then compared to and matched with the same features in the other photographs. Thus photographs of the same areas are identified. By analyzing the position of matching features within each photograph, the program can identify which photographs belong on which side of others. By analyzing subtle differences in the relationships between the features (angle, distance, etc.), the program identifies the 3D position of each feature, as well as the position and angle at which each photograph was taken. This process is known scientifically as Bundle adjustment and is commonly used in the field of photogrammetry, with similar products available such as Imodeller and D-Sculptor. This first step is extremely computationally intensive, but only has to be performed once on each set of photographs.
The second step involves the display of and navigation through the 3D point cloud of features identified in the first step. This is done with the publicly downloadable Photosynth viewer. The viewer resides on a client computer and maintains a connection to a server that stores the original photographs. It enables a user to, among other things, see any of the photographs from their original vantage point. It incorporates DeepZoom technology Microsoft obtained through its acquisition of Seadragon in January 2006. The Seadragon technology enables smooth zooming into the high-resolution photographs without downloading them to the user's machine.
The Photosynth Direct 3D-based viewing software is only available to the Windows 7, Windows Vista and Windows XP operating systems. However, the team released a Silverlight version of the viewer which has succeeded the D3D viewer as the main option to view photosynths.
As of March 2009 user uploaded Photosynth collections are now available for viewing on iPhones using iSynth (3D) or Seadragon Mobile (2D only).
Current generation photosynths are easy to capture, as photographs uploaded on Photosynth can be taken by any regular digital camera or mobile phone. In general, the higher the megapixels, the clearer the pictures. Users have the option to geotag their digital shots on sites such as Flickr and then upload them on the online Photosynth web service. Images uploaded on Photosynth give people the ability to seamlessly view landmarks, public spaces and objects from all sides.
- Walk or fly through a scene to see photos from any angle
- Zoom in or out of a photo
- See where pictures were taken in relation to one another
- Smoothly change viewing angle between nearby photos
- Smoothly zoom in and out of high-resolution photos
- Find similar photos to the one you're currently viewing
In the media
- On April 30, 2008, Photosynth was featured in the episode Admissions of the television show CSI: New York
- CNN utilized Photosynth for a user-contributed 3D vision of the inauguration of Barack Obama as the President of the United States.
- In the Angels & Demons "Path of Illumination Contest," Photosynth is used as well as advertised in the website. 
- In MSN's coverage of the 70th anniversary of the RAF victory in the Battle of Britain, a Photosynth hangar of some of the fighter planes from the battle was built. A series of Photosynths have also been created for the Imperial War Museum Duxford so that web users could experience the planes up close from a range of angles.
- Microsoft Image Composite Editor, a free advanced panorama stitching system;
- Hugin (software), a cross-platform open source panorama stitching system;
- QuickTime VR
- MeshLab, a cross-platform open source mesh processing tool that allow to import the point clouds reconstructed by PhotoSynth;
- Bundler, an open-source implementation of the algorithms behind Photosynth
- PixelStruct, an open-source program similar to Photosynth that uses Bundler as a base
- ^ Microsoft shoots for 3D multi-photo viewer | CNET News.com
- ^ University of Washington - Photo Tourism website
- ^ MSDN blog interview with Blaise Aguera y Arcas on Photosynth
- ^ Cnet News Microsoft launches 3D wonder Photosynth for consumers
- ^ "Buttery-Smooth Gigapixel Panoramas". http://blogs.msdn.com/photosynth/archive/2010/03/18/buttery-smooth-gigapixel-panoramas.aspx.
- ^ Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Microsoft's Photosynth stars in 'CSI' Episode
- ^ CNN CNN Inauguration of Barack Obama
- ^ MSN Angels & Demons - Path of Illumination Contest
- ^ The Battle of Britain on MSN UK
- ^ IWM Spitfire Photosynth - Shoothill
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