- Inukai Tsuyoshi
name =Inukai Tsuyoshi
caption =Prime Minister of Japan
birth_date =birth date|1855|4|20|df=y
Okayama, Bizen Province, Japan
death_date =death date and age|1932|5|15|1855|4|20
Prime Minister of Japan
13 December 1931
15 May 1932
party =Rikken Seiyukai
occupation = Cabinet Minister
footnotes = nihongo|Inukai Tsuyoshi |犬養 毅|"Inukai Tsuyoshi", (
20 April 1855– 15 May 1932) was a Japanese politicianand the 29th Prime Minister of Japanfrom 13 December 1931to 15 May 1932.
Inukai was born to a former "
samurai" family of the Niwase Domain, in Niwase village, Bizen Province(present-day Okayamacity, Okayama Prefecture), and was a graduate of Keio Gijuku (subsequently Keio University) in Tokyo. In his early career, he worked as a journalist. He went with the Imperial Japanese Armyto the front during the Satsuma Rebellionas a reporter for the Yubin Hochi Shimbun.
Inukai helped form the "
Rikken Kaishinto" political partyin 1882, which supported liberal political causes, and strongly opposed the domination of the government by members of the former Chōshū and Satsuma domains "( hanbatsu)." He was first elected to the Lower House of the Imperial Diet in 1890, and was subsequently reelected 17 times.
His first cabinet post was as Minister of Education in the first
Okuma Shigenobuadministration of 1898, and as Minister of Posts and Communications in the second Yamamoto Gonnohyoeadministration.
He was a leading figure in the "
Shimpoto," the " Kenseito" and the " Rikken Kokuminto," which eventually toppled the government of Katsura Taroin 1913.
In 1922, the "Rikken Kokuminto" became the "
Kakushin Kurabu," which joined forces with other minor parties to form the cabinet during the premiership of Kato Takaakiin 1924. During his time, Inukai served on the cabinet again as Minister of Posts and Communications. The "Kakushin Kurabu" then merged with the " Rikken Seiyūkai," and Inukai continued as a senior member. In 1929, after the sudden death of Tanaka Giichi, Inukai became president of the "Rikken Seiyūkai".
Inukai became the 29th
Prime Minister of Japanin 1931. At the time, Japan was in a serious economic situation due to the effects of the Great Depression of 1929, and its untimely return to the gold standard. Inukai's government immediately took steps to inflate the economy and to place an embargo on gold exports. However, Inukai was unable to impose fiscal restraint on the military, nor was he able to control the military’s designs on Chinaafter the Manchurian Incident. Inukai's struggle against the military led to his assassinationduring the May 15 Incidentof 1932, which effectively marked the end of civilian political control over government decisions until after World War II.
Inukai's third son was writer, politician and post-war Minister of Justice
* Bix, Herbert B. "Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan". Harper Perennial (2001). ISBN 0060931302
* Brendon, Piers. "The Dark Valley: A Panorama of the 1930s". Vintage; Reprint edition (2002). ISBN 0375708081
* Oka Yoshitake, et al. "Five Political Leaders of Modern Japan: Ito Hirobumi, Okuma Shigenobu, Hara Takashi, Inukai Tsuyoshi, and Saionji Kimmochi". University of Tokyo Press (1984). ISBN 0860083799
* [http://www.pref.okayama.jp/seikatsu/bunkasin/bokudou/bokudou.htm Inukai Memorial Museum (Okayama)]
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