Transfer printing is a mass-production method of applying an
imageto a curved or uneven surface. It is most commonly used for printingon porcelainand other hard surfaced pottery.
Transfer printing evolved in
Englandin the 1750s. The image is first engraving on a copperplate. Pigmentis then added - often mixed with oiland heated to allow the colour to run deeper in to the engravings. The image is then transferred to a piece of paperor fabric, sometimes with a layer of glue applied, that can easily be cut and shaped to fit around curved objects such as dishes and teapots. This is known as the 'bat' and gives the process its alternative name: 'bat printing'. This is then placed on the ceramic object in its unglazed state after its initial firing to transfer the image to the object; the object is then glazed and fired again to make the image permanent.
Prior to the invention of transfer printing, images could only be placed on ceramic objects by hand-painting in enamels; its invention was therefore a major step in the production of decorative ceramic wares for the mass market. It is believed that it was developed by
John Sadlerand Guy Green. However the improvements made by Wedgwoodare generally credited for the widespread popularity the method enjoyed during the next hundred years.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Print-through — (sometimes referred to as bleed through) is a generally undesirable effect that arises in the use of magnetic tape for storing information, in particular music.The proximity of layers of tape on the spools of a cassette or reel to reel tape… … Wikipedia
print — ► VERB 1) produce (books, newspapers, etc.) by a process involving the transfer of text or designs to paper. 2) produce (text or a picture) in such a way. 3) produce a paper copy of (information stored on a computer). 4) produce (a photographic… … English terms dictionary
Transfer paper — is used in textiles and arts crafts projects. Often, an ink jet or other printer is used to print the image on transfer paper. Then a heat press can be used to transfer the image onto clothing, canvas, or other surface. Transfer paper is used in… … Wikipedia
print-through — printˈ through noun 1. The degree to which matter printed on one side of paper, etc is visible from the other side (printing) 2. In magnetic tape recordings, the transfer of a recording from one layer to another when the tape is wound on a spool… … Useful english dictionary
Print-Painting — Sam Glankoff and Print PaintingNew York artist, Sam Glankoff (1894 1982), developed an innovative transfer painting technique in the last decades of his life using principles of woodcut, printing and painting to make unique large multi paneled… … Wikipedia
print — /prɪnt / (say print) verb (t) 1. to produce (a text, a picture, etc.) by applying inked types, plates, blocks, or the like, with direct pressure to paper or other material. 2. to cause (a manuscript, etc.) to be reproduced in print. 3. to write… … Australian English dictionary
Print and Mail Outsourcing — Online Print to Mail is a type of Outsourcing that is coming available to the business world which is coming of age with the advent of large scale adoption of document document standards. This article will provide a brief view how it came to be,… … Wikipedia
transfer */*/*/ — I UK [trænsˈfɜː(r)] / US [trænsˈfɜr] / US [ˈtrænsfər] verb Word forms transfer : present tense I/you/we/they transfer he/she/it transfers present participle transferring past tense transferred past participle transferred 1)… … English dictionary
transfer — trans|fer1 [ træns fɜr, trænsfər ] verb *** ▸ 1 move to somewhere else ▸ 2 give to someone/something else ▸ 3 change phone line for ▸ 4 make new owner of ▸ 5 copy to somewhere else ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) intransitive or transitive to move from one job … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
transfer printing — method of decorating pottery by using an inked, engraved copperplate to make a print on paper that, while still wet, is pressed against a glazed pottery surface, leaving behind an impression, or transfer, of the engraving. Sometimes these… … Universalium