Michael C. Appleby

Michael C. Appleby

Michael Appleby is an animal welfare scientist, especially for farm animals. He works for the World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). He obtained a BSc in Zoology at the University of Bristol and a PhD in Animal Behaviour at the University of Cambridge. He then spent 20 years at the Poultry Research Centre in Scotland and the University of Edinburgh researching behaviour, husbandry, and welfare of farm animals.

His early work on stocking densities in poultry and the tethering of pregnant sows contributed to the body of evidence that led, eventually, to major changes in animal welfare and the way these animals are kept.[1] Appleby helped design the Edinburgh Modified Cage, which is an enlarged battery cage for hens.[2]



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  1. ^ Animal Welfare – A Key Role In The Future Of The World Accessed 3 May 2009
  2. ^ Appleby, M.C. (1998). "The Edinburgh Modified Cage: Effects of group size and space allowance on brown laying hens". The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 152–161. Accessed [1] 3 May 2009

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