Mengujekids


Mengujekids
Divriği Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) portal

Mengujekids (Modern Turkish: Mengüçoğulları or Mengücek Beyliği or Mengüçlü Beyliği ) was an Anatolian beylik of the first period, founded after the Battle of Manzikert. The Mengujekids ruled the regions of Erzincan, Kemah, Şebinkarahisar and Divriği in Eastern Anatolia in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Contents

Mengujek Gazi

Little is known about the founder Mengujek Ghazi. He was probably one of the commanders sent by the Great Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan to occupy parts of Anatolia after the victory at Manzikert over the Byzantine Empire, and his principality seems to have been founded in the years following the battle. This beylig was split branches of Erzincan and Divriği after death of Emir İshak in 1142. Erzincan branch was subjugated by Sultanate of Rum in 1228 and Divriği one was ended in 1277 by Ilkhanate.

Divriği Great Mosque

The Mengujek dynasty is remembered primarily for its monuments in Divriği. The Divriği Great Mosque was built in 1228 by Ahmed Shah. The adjoining medical center, or Darüşşifa, was built in the same year by Turan Melek Sultan, daughter of the Mengujek ruler of Erzincan, Fahreddin Behram Shah. Both buildings are on UNESCO's World Heritage List.

Rulers

  • Mengujek Gazi (1072-1118)
  • İshak (1118-1142)

Branch of Erzincan

  • Davudşah (1142-1162)
  • Süleymanşah (1151-1162)
  • Fahrettin Behramşah (1162-1225)
  • Alaeddin Davudşah II (1225-1228)

Branch of Divriği

  • Süleyman (1142-1162)
  • Şahinşah (1162-1198)
  • Süleyman II (1198-1227)
  • Ahmetşah (1227-1251)
  • Melik Salih (1251-1277)
History of Turkey Geographical Map of Turkey
Seljuq dynasty 1071–1325
Great Seljuq Empire 1071–1194
Sultanate of Rum 1075–1307
Under The Seljuks after 1071
    Anatolian Beyliks
   • Artuqids 1098–1409
   • Mengujekids 1072–1277
   • Ahlatshahs 1085–1207
   • Saltukids 1072-1202
   • Beylik of İnal 1096–1183
   • Danishmends 1071–1178
   • Tzachas 1081–1098
Under The Ilkhanates 1243–1335
    Anatolian Beyliks
Ottoman Emirate 1302–1922
• Ramadanids 1352–1608
Dulkadirids 1348–1507
• Karamanids 1250–1487
• Isfendiyarids 1291–1461
• Germiyanids 1300–1429
• Aydinids 1300–1425
Beylik of Teke 1321–1425
Menteşe 1261–1424
• Sarukhanids 1300–1410
Kadi Burhan al-Din 1381–1398
• Hamidids 1300–1391
Beylik of Lâdik 1262–1391
Pervâneoğlu 1262–1391
• Eretnids 1335–1381
• Karasids 1296–1357
• Sahib Ataids 1275–1341
• Eshrefids 1285–1326
Ottoman Dynasty 1302–1922
Occupation 1918–1923
Republic of Turkey from 1923
Related topics
Republic of Hatay 1938-1939
Turkish Republic of
 Northern Cyprus
from 1983
List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire
List of Presidents of Turkey
Economic history of Turkey
Constitutional history of Turkey
Military history of Turkey
v · d · e

See also

External links

Sources

  • (Book cover) Oktay Aslanapa (1991) (in Turkish). Anadolu'da ilk Türk mimarisi: Başlangıcı ve gelişmesi (Early Turkish architecture in Anatolia: Beginnings and development) ISBN 975-16-0264-5. AKM Publications, Ankara. 

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