Executive Council (South Africa)


Executive Council (South Africa)

In South Africa, the Executive Council of a province is the cabinet-equivalent in the provincial government.[1] The Executive Council consists of the Premier and five to ten other members,[2] who have the title "Member of the Executive Council", commonly abbreviated to "MEC".[1]

MECs are appointed by the Premier from amongst the members of the provincial legislature; he or she can also dismiss them. The provincial legislature may force the Premier to reconstitute the council by passing a motion of no confidence in the Executive Council excluding the Premier; if the legislature passes a motion of no confidence in the Executive Council including the Premier, then the Premier and the MECs must resign.[2]

The Premier allocates powers and functions to the MECs; conventionally they are assigned portfolios in specific areas of responsibility. They are accountable to the provincial legislature, both individually and as a collective, and must regularly report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities.[2]

The Western Cape, the only province to have adopted its own constitution, chose to call its Executive Council the "Provincial Cabinet", and its MECs "Provincial Ministers".[3]

References


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