McKim, Mead & White


McKim, Mead & White

McKim, Mead & White was a prominent American architectural firm at the turn of the twentieth century and in the history of American architecture. The firm's founding partners were Charles Follen McKim (1847–1909), William Rutherford Mead (1846–1928) and Stanford White (1853–1906). The firm was a major training ground for many other prominent architects -partners, associates, designers and draftsmen.

McKim and Mead joined forces in 1872 and were joined in 1879 by White who, like McKim, had worked for architect Henry Hobson Richardson. Their work applied the principles of Beaux-Arts architecture, the adoption of the classical Greek and Roman stylistic vocabulary as filtered through the Parisian Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and the related City Beautiful movement after 1893 or so, which aimed to clean up the visual confusion of American cities and imbue them with a sense of order and formality during America's Gilded Age.[1]

Mead was the last of the firm's founding partners to die in 1928, after McKim (1909), and White (1906).[2] The firm retained its name after the death of Mead, until partner James Kellum Smith's death in 1961. The firm – primarily Smith – designed the prominent National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C., one of the firm's last works, opening in 1964.[3] McKim, Mead & White was also involved with an urban renewal project at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn in the 1950s and designed three buildings as part of the project: DeKalb Hall, ISC Building and North Hall.[4][5]

In 1961, McKim, Mead & White was succeeded by the firm Steinman, Cain, and White, which by 1971 had become Walker O. Cain and Associates.[6][dead link]

Contents

Selected works

New York City

New England and New York State

New Jersey

Washington, D.C.

Other U.S. locations

Other countries

Noted architects of McKim, Mead & White

  • Lewis Colt Albro – later partnered briefly with Harrie T. Lindeberg for several commissions
  • Henry Bacon – worked at the firm from about 1886 through 1897; left with fellow employee James Brite to open their own office
  • William A. Boring – worked at the firm in 1890 before forming a separate partnership with Edward L. Tilton
  • Charles Lewis Bowman – a draftsman at the firm until 1922, noted for his large number of private residences around Eastchester, New York
  • Walker O. Cain – worked at the firm then took it over and renamed it several times, beginning in 1961
  • John Merven Carrère (1858–1911) – of Carrère and Hastings worked together for McKim, Mead and White from 1883 through 1885, then partner with Thomas Hastings.
  • J.E.R. Carpenter – worked at the firm for several years before becoming the designer of much of upper Fifth and Park Avenues, including 907 Fifth Avenue, 825 Fifth Avenue, 625 Park Avenue, 550 Park Avenue and the Lincoln Building on 42nd Street.
  • Cass Gilbert – worked with the firm until 1882 when he went to work with James Knox Taylor; later designed many notable structures, among them the George Washington Bridge and the Woolworth Building.
  • Arthur Loomis Harmon – later of Shreve, Lamb and Harmon worked at the firm.
  • Thomas Hastings (1860–1929) – of Carrère and Hastings worked together for McKim, Mead and White from 1883 through 1885.
  • Harrie T. Lindeberg – started at the firm in 1895 as an assistant to Stanford White and remained with the firm until White's death in 1906
  • Edward Lippincott Tilton – assisted with the design of the Boston Public Library in 1890 before leaving with Boring
  • James Kellum Smith – (1893-1961) a member of the firm from 1924 to 1961; full partner in 1929, and was the last surviving partner of MM&W. He primarily designed academic buildings, but his last major work was the National Museum of American History.
  • Tracy and Swartwout – worked together as draftsmen for the firm.
  • Robert von Ezdorf – took over much of the firm's business after White's death
  • William M. Whidden – worked at the firm from at least 1882 until 1888; projects included the Tacoma and Portland Hotels; relocated to Portland, Oregon in 1888 to finish the hotel and established his own firm with Ion Lewis
  • Joseph M. Wells – (1853-1890) worked as firm's 1st Chief Draftsman from 1879-90, the "4th partner", and was largely responsible for Renaissance designs in 1880s per MB Triumvirate - see below.
  • York and Sawyer – worked together for the firm before starting their own partnership in 1898; Edward York (1863–1928) and Philip Sawyer (1868–1949).

Gallery

References

Notes
  1. ^ Broderick, Mosette (2010), Triumvirate: McKim, Mead & White: Art, Architecture, Scandal, and Class in America's Gilded Age [Deckle Edge [Hardcover]], http://www.amazon.com/Triumvirate-Architecture-Scandal-Americas-Gilded/dp/0394536622 
  2. ^ "[Mead's] widow receives all the estate of about $250,000" in New York Times (November 27, 1928); "Mrs. Olga Kilenyi Mead, widow,... bequeathed her entire estate to the trustees of Amherst College, Amherst, Mass." in New York Times (April 23, 1936). The money was used to build the Mead Art Building, which was designed by James Kellum Smith of McKim, Mead and White. The building was completed in 1949.
  3. ^ "NMAH Mission & History". National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution. http://americanhistory.si.edu/about/mission.cfm. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  4. ^ "Pratt Institute: DeKalb Hall 1954-55". http://pratt.edu/~yyoon/dekalb.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  5. ^ Hilary Ballon & Kenneth T. Jackson. Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York. p. 374. 
  6. ^ http://library.bowdoin.edu/arch/images/gallery/library/library.shtm
  7. ^ Norval White and Elliot Willensky, AIA Guide to New York City, rev. ed., (New York: Collier Books, 1978), p.40.
  8. ^ a b c Blackwell, D. and The Naugatuck Historical Society (1996) "Images of Naugatuck". Arcadia Publishing
  9. ^ Bluffton University Digital Imagine Project
Bibliography
  • Baker, Paul R. Stanny: The Gilded Life of Stanford White. New York: Free Press, 1989. ISBN 0029017815
  • Broderick, Mosette. Triumvirate: McKim, Mead & White: Art, Architecture, Scandal, and Class in America's Gilded Age New York: Knopf, 2010. ISBN 0394536622

External links


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