May 1972


May 1972

January – February – March. – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November –December

The following events occurred in May 1972.

Contents

May 1, 1972 (Monday)

  • The North Vietnamese Army captured the South Vietnamese province and city of Quang Tri.[1]
  • Hutu rebels in Burundi set up their own short-lived, "People's Republic of Martyazo", at the Bururi Province. The Tutsi-dominated Burundian Army ended the secession movement within two weeks, before beginning the slaughter of thousands of Hutus.[2]
  • Born: Ramzi Bin al-Shibh, 9/11 conspirator, in Yemen

May 2, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • A fire broke out at 11:40 a.m. at the Sunshine Silver Mine near Kellogg, Idaho 3,700 feet underground. Carbon monoxide was spread by the mine's fans killed 91 miners. Another 82 were able to escape.[3]
  • J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation since 1924, was found dead in his home by his maid, Annie Fields, deceased from natural causes.[4]
  • U.S. Patent 3,659,915 was issued to Corning Glass, the first ever for fiber optic cable.[5]
  • Born: Dwayne Johnson, "The Rock" American pro wrestler and actor, in Hayward, California
  • Died: J. Edgar Hoover, 77, FBI Director 1935–1972

May 3, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • Seven people were scalded to death in their offices on the 36th Floor of the General Public Utilities Corporation in New York, after a steam pipe exploded at 11:15 a.m. [6]
  • Died: Leslie Harvey, 27, guitarist of Stone the Crows, fatally electrocuted while performing at Swansea's Top Rank Suite.

May 4, 1972 (Thursday)

  • The Paris Peace Talks were suspended indefinitely after the United States and South Vietnam pulled out because of "a lack of progress".[7] When North Vietnam's negotiator Le Duc Tho refused to budge on negotiations, even after Henry Kissinger had suggested that the American President was a "madman", President Nixon told Kissinger, "The bastards have never been bombed like they're going to be bombed this time." With talks over, the Operation Linebacker bombing and mining campaign against North Vietnam began.[8]
  • Died: Edward Calvin Kendall, 86, American chemist, 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

May 5, 1972 (Friday)

  • Alitalia Flight 112 from Rome crashed into a mountain as it made its approach to Palermo, killing all 115 persons on board. The debris fell near the town of Carini.[9]
  • Eastern Airlines Flight 175 was hijacked by Richard Hahneman shortly after takeoff from Allentown, Pennsylvania. On the same day, Western Airlines Flight 407, with 81 on board, was hijacked by Michael Lynn Hansen after takeoff from Salt Lake City. Hahneman released the 48 Eastern passengers and one stewardess in Washington, D.C. after collecting $303,000 ransom money and six parachutes, flew to New Orleans and back after being unhappy with the small denominations of the bills, then had the plane fly over Honduras, where he parachuted safely. Hansen forced the Western plane to fly to Cuba.[10] Hahneman was captured days later by soldiers, while Hansen was extradited back to the United States in 1975.[11]
  • Born: James Cracknell, British rower, Olympic gold medal, 2000, 2004

May 6, 1972 (Saturday)

  • Ahmadou Ahidjo, President of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, placed troops on alert, announced that the 11-year old federation of former French and British African colonies was going to be replaced by a "united republic" dominated by the French section. In a fraudulent election held on May 20, voters in the British area were said to have approved the anschluss end of self-government by a margin of 716,774 in favor and only 89 against.[12]
  • Five American soldiers were rescued 13 days after their helicopter had crashed in Vietnam. The five had been presumed dead until two of them had reached a radio to signal a distress call.[13]
  • Born: Naoko Takahashi, Japanese women's marathon winner, 2000 Olympics, in Gifu
  • Died: Deniz Gezmiş, 25, Turkish radical and co-founder of THKO (hanged)

May 7, 1972 (Sunday)

  • Edmund Kemper, 23, picked up two hitchhiking Fresno State University students, roommates Mary Anne Pesce and Anita Luchessa, drove them to a remote location, murdered them, and then dismembered their bodies. It was the start of a nearly year long crime spree as a serial killer. Prior to murdering his six randomly picked victims, Kemper had killed his grandparents when he was 15 and spent several years in juvenile detention before being released from a psychiatric hospital. Kemper's last two victims were his mother and her friend, after which he called the Santa Cruz police.[14]
  • The Los Angeles Lakers won their first NBA title since moving to L.A. from Minneapolis, beating the New York Knicks 114–106 in Game 5.[15]

May 8, 1972 (Monday)

  • In a nationally televised address, President Nixon announced that the United States would lay mines in North Vietnam's harbors in order to stop further supply of weapons and material. The mines would be timed to become active after 72 hours.[16] Nixon added, "To other nations, especially those which are allied with North Vietnam, the actions I have announced tonight are not directed against you. Their sole purpose is to protect the lives of 60,000 Americans, who would be gravely endangered in the event that the Communist offensive continues to roll forward, and to prevent the imposition of a Communist government by brutal aggression upon 17 million people." [17] Mines were dropped at Haiphong harbor by nine American attack aircraft flying from the carrier USS Coral Sea, and at six other ports, which were blocked for 300 days until the mines were removed by the U.S. in 1973.[18]
  • Voting in Italy's parliamentary elections was completed after two days. The coalition headed by the Christian Democrats and their allies (Socialists, Social Democrats and Republicans) retained power, with 371 seats in the 630 member Chamber of Deputies and a lead in the Senate.[19]
  • Born: Darren Hayes, Australian singer (Savage Garden, in Brisbane

May 9, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • Israeli special forces stormed a hijacked Belgian jet and freed all 97 hostages on board, killing two of the three hijackers. Sabena Flight 572 had been sitting at the Lod Airport in Tel Aviv after being captured the day before by three men, who threatened to blow the jet up unless Israel released imprisoned Arab guerrillas.[20]

May 10, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • As the next phase of Operation Linebacker began, American warplanes downed seven North Vietnamese MiG fighters, as air strikes within North Vietnam continued. Three MiG-17s were shot down that day by future Congressman Duke Cunningham,[21] and four MiG-21s by other pilots. An American 4F-4D was shot down by a North Vietnamese Shenyang J-6, and pilot Maj. Robert Lodge refused to eject.[22][23] His weapons officer Roger Locher was able to eject and landed, unseen by either friendly or enemy forces, only 64 kilometres (40 mi) from Hanoi, North Vietnam.[24]
  • In a referendum, voters in Ireland overwhelmingly approved the Accession Treaty for Ireland to join the European Community. Five out of six (1,041,880 to 211,888) voted yes on a constitutional amendment.[25]
  • Born: Radosław Majdan, Poland footballer, in Szczecin; Katja Seizinger, German alpine skier, gold medals 1994 and 1998, in Datteln

May 11, 1972 (Thursday)

May 12, 1972 (Friday)

May 13, 1972 (Saturday)

  • The first successful use of the laser-guided bomb was accomplished when the Thanh Hoa Bridge was destroyed in North Vietnam, "accomplishing in a single mission what seven years of nonprecision bombing had failed to do". The United States had first bombed the 540-foot-long (160 m) concrete and steel structure in 1965. Twelve F-4 fighters made runs with fifteen Mark 84 and nine Mark 118 bombs to render the structure useless.[31]
  • A fire on the third floor of the Sennichi Department Store building, in Osaka, Japan, killed 117 people partying at the Play Town Cabaret, a nightclub on the building's seventh floor. Although 60 persons were able to escape, and the flames never reached the club, ninety-seven died from smoke inhalation, and another twenty were killed when they fell from the roof.[32]
  • A supernova was observed in the galaxy NGC 5253, eleven million years after it had happened. Another supernova from NGC 5253 had been observed in 1895.[33]
  • Weeks after the Apollo 16 mission had departed, an 1,100 kg meteorite crashed on the Moon and left a crater "as large as a football field".[34]
  • Died: Dan Blocker, 43, actor ("Hoss" in Bonanza)

May 14, 1972 (Sunday)

  • In Kaunas, at that time located in the Soviet Union's Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, 19 year old Romas Kalanta set himself on fire to become a martyr for Lithuania's independence. When police prohibited a public funeral, thousands of students and workers took to the streets on May 18 to take up Kalanta's cause. The nationalist uprising was suppressed by May, with the arrest of over 500 people, only eight of whom were ever tried. The Republic of Lithuania, which had been annexed to the U.S.S.R. in 1940, would attain independence again in 1990.[35]

May 15, 1972 (Monday)

  • After 26 years of rule by the United States, the island of Okinawa and the other islands of the Ryuku Islands were returned to the jurisdiction of Japan. Vice-President Spiro T. Agnew appeared on behalf of the U.S. in ceremonies marking the transfer. A colony of Japan, Okinawa had been captured by the United States in the last major battle of World War II at the cost of thousands of lives on both sides, and the Okinawans, considered their own ethnic group in Japan, numbered nearly one million residents.[36] The Okinawa Reversion Treaty had been approved by the U.S. Senate, 84–6, the preceding year. U.S. bases remained, but as Okinawa became a prefecture of Japan for the first time, yen replaced dollars as currency, and in 1977, traffic laws changed to conform to driving on the left side of the road rather than the right.[37]
  • Alabama Governor George C. Wallace was shot five times while campaigning for the Democratic nomination for President. The would-be assassin, Arthur Bremer, wounded three others in addition to Wallace at a rally in at the Laurel Shopping Center in Laurel, Maryland. Wallace survived, but was permanently paralyzed from the waist down.[38] At the time of the shooting, Wallace had won more votes (3,354,360) in the primaries than either George McGovern (2,202,840) or Hubert Humphrey (2,647,676), but was second to McGovern in delegates won (323 vs. McGovern's 409) [39]

May 16, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opened on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. With greater fluctuation of currency exchange rates, the IMM opened a new era in trading by allowing purchase of futures on three currencies. The first trades were for the British pound, the Deutschmark, and the Japanese yen.[40]
  • The National Sickle Cell Anemia Control Act was signed into law by President Nixon.[41]
  • Born: Derek Mears, American actor/stuntman, in Bakersfield, California

May 17, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • The Ohio College Library Center OCLC amended its articles to allow its five year old computer network to link with libraries outside the state, linking over 500 sites by 1975 and over 2,000 by the end of 1979. OCLC now stands for Online Computer Library Center and connects 60,000 libraries.[42]
  • Three men, convicted of participating in the 1967 gang rape of Philippine film actress Maggie dela Riva, were put to death in the electric chair. By order of President Marcos, the executions were nationally televised.[43]

May 18, 1972 (Thursday)

  • The Sea-Bed Treaty (officially, the "Treaty on the prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof"), signed on February 11, 1971, took effect [44]
  • Following a march four days earlier by more than 100,000 protesters, Philibert Tsiranana, the first President of Madagascar, agreed to step down, and handed over all power to General Gabriel Ramanantsoa.[45]
  • An Antonov An-10 turboprop airplane with 108 persons aboard crashed while attempting an emergency landing at Kharkov. An one paragraph announcement of the accident was printed in the Soviet newspaper Pravda two days later, noting that "The passengers and crew were killed. A government commission has been appointed for inquiry into the causes of the disaster." [46]

May 19, 1972 (Friday)

  • A bomb exploded at the Pentagon, destroying an unoccupied women's restroom where it had been placed. Though nobody was injured, a computer tape archive with highly classified information was severely damaged.[47]
  • The National Eagle Scout Association was created by Boy Scouts of America.[48]
  • Northeast Airlines was acquired by Delta Air Lines, along with its direct flights from New York and Boston to Florida destinations.[49]
  • Tunisia, along with UNESCO, began an international campaign to preserve the ruins of ancient Carthage.[50]

May 20, 1972 (Saturday)

  • The Indiana Pacers beat the New York Nets, 108–105, to win the ABA championship in Game 6 of the series. The Pacers and Nets would be among four teams to join the NBA in 1976.[51]
  • Born: Busta Rhymes, American rapper and actor (as Trevor Smith, Jr.), in Brooklyn

May 21, 1972 (Sunday)

May 22, 1972 (Monday)

May 23, 1972 (Tuesday)

May 24, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • West Germany formally relinquished all claims to eastern territories lost by Germany to the USSR and to Poland following World War II, as the West German President Gustav Heinemann signed the Moscow Treaty and Warsaw Treaty. The treaties had been approved the week before by the Bundestag and the Bundesrat.[57] Included were the formerly German city of Königsberg, which became Russian Kaliningrad, and the former Breslau, which became Wrocław in Poland.
  • The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was created by an agreement signed by President Richard Nixon for the United States and Premier Alexei Kosygin for the Soviet Union.[58]
  • Rangers of Glasgow won the Cup Winners Cup, with a 3–2 win over Dynamo Moscow in the final at Barcelona. Rangers' fans repeatedly came from the stands and onto the field, with more than a minute left to play and Dynamo down by only one goal. For the behavior of its fans, the team was barred from European competition for the following season, including from the 1973 Cup.[59]
  • Died: Asta Nielsen, 90, Danish silent film actress; Ismail Yasin, 56, Egyptian film actor

May 25, 1972 (Thursday)

May 26, 1972 (Friday)

  • Two historic nuclear arms control agreements were signed at Moscow, between the United States (by its President, Richard M. Nixon) and the Soviet Union (by Communist Party First Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. The SALT I treaty, product of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, prohibited both sides from building additional offensive nuclear missiles, while the ABM Treaty restricted both sides to only two sites for Anti-Ballistic Missiles, with 100 missiles each.[61]
  • Later known as the "Watergate burglars", a team associated with the Committee to Re-Elect the President, failed in its first attempt at wiretapping the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate complex.[62]
  • In Taiwan, Chiang Ching-kuo was made the Prime Minister of Nationalist China by the Legislative Yuan, by a vote of 381–13. Chiang's father was Chiang Kai-shek, President of Nationalist China.[63]
  • Willandra National Park was established in Australia.

May 27, 1972 (Saturday)

  • The Opryland USA theme park was opened in Nashville, Tennessee. The park, which attracted more than two million visitors annually at its peak, operated for 25 years before closing at the end of 1997.[64]
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), announced its plans as an American government agency to form advisory commissions for the purpose of regulating 13 different occupational hazards, including toxic chemicals, excessive noise, and radiation.[65]

May 28, 1972 (Sunday)

  • The Watergate burglars succeeded in their second attempt to break into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C., placing wiretaps on two telephones, and escaping undetected. When it became clear that the "bug" on DNC Chairman Lawrence F. O'Brien was not working, the men broke in again three weeks later and were caught. The botched June 17, 1972, burglary was the beginning of the Watergate scandal that eventually led to Nixon's resignation as President of the United States.[66]
  • The first major accident, resulting from the design of the Ford Pinto automobile, happened near Barstow, California. Mrs. Lilly Gray and her teenage son, Richard Grimshaw, were severely burned after the gas tank in their 1972 Pinto exploded after the car stalled and was rear-ended on Interstate Highway 15. Mrs. Gray died of her injuries, and her son was scarred for life. A jury awarded $125 million in punitive damages, against Ford Motor, to the family, which was reduced to $3.5 million, and more than $3 million in compensatory damages. The verdict was upheld on appeal in 1981 in the landmark case of Gray v. Ford Motor Company, 119 Cal. App.3d 757.[67]
  • Born: Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist, in The Hague
  • Died: More than thirty-five years after he gave up his throne in order to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson, the Duke of Windsor, formerly King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, died at his home in France. He left no children.;[68] Kent Evans, 17, was killed while climbing Mount Shuskan as part of a University of Washington class. Evans was one of four high school students at Lakewood School who was working on computer projects. The other three, his best friend of Bill Gates, and Paul Allen and Ric Weiland, would go on to become billionaires as co-founders of Microsoft.[69]

May 29, 1972 (Monday)

  • President Nixon and Soviet leader Brezhnev concluded their summit conference, with the signing of a joint declaration of long-range plans to avoid a military confrontation and to eventually disarm.[70]

May 30, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • The Lod Airport massacre took place in Tel Aviv after passengers from Air France Flight 132 went to claim their baggage on arrival from Rome. Three of the passengers were members of the Japanese Red Army terrorist group; without warning, they brought out submachine guns and hand grenades from their luggage and fired into the crowd, killing 26 people and injuring another 78. One terrorist was shot by another, while a second was killed by his own grenade. The third, Kozo Okamoto was jailed, but eventually released in a prisoner exchange in 1985.[71]
  • Born: Manny Ramírez, Dominican baseball player, in Santo Domingo

May 31, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • The 145th and final mission of the CORONA spy satellite program came to an end when its exposed film was recovered. Since 1959, the Corona satellites were launched with Kodak film, then returned to Earth after taking photos over the Soviet Union and its neighbors. Transmission of images from spy satellites made the Corona program obsolete.[72]
  • Born: Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier, gold medalist in 2001–03, 2005, in Lierne
  • Died: Dr. Walter Freeman, 76, American neurosurgeon who popularized the lobotomy

References

  1. ^ "Quang Tri Falls To Red Assault", Oakland Tribune, May 1, 1972, p1
  2. ^ "Slaughter in Burundi: How Ethnic Conflict Erupted", New York Times, June 11, 1972, p1
  3. ^ Fritz Wolff, A Room for the Summer: Adventure, Misadventure, and Seduction in the Mines of the Coeur d'Alene (University of Oklahoma Press, 2004), pp147–148; "5 Dead, 77 Missing in Idaho Mine Fire", Albuquerque Journal, May 3, 1972, p1
  4. ^ "J. Edgar Hoover, 77, Director of FBI, Dies", Oakland Tribune, May 2, 1972, p1
  5. ^ Martin Fransman, Japan's Computer and Communications Industry: The Evolution of Industrial Giants and Global Competitiveness (Oxford University Press, 1995), p477
  6. ^ "Skyscraper Blast Kills Seven in N.Y.", Oakland Tribune, May 3, 1972, p1
  7. ^ "U.S., Saigon Call Halt to Paris Talks", Oakland Tribune, May 4, 1972, p1
  8. ^ J. Edward Lee and H.C. "Toby" Haynsworth, Nixon, Ford, and the Abandonment of South Vietnam (McFarland & Co., 2002), p51
  9. ^ "Alitalia Plane Strikes Peak; 115 Aboard Die", Oakland Tribune, May 6, 1972, p1; AirDisaster.com database
  10. ^ "2 Jetliners Hijacked, $303,000 Ransom", Oakland Tribune, May 6, 1972, p1
  11. ^ Bartholomew Elias, Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism (CRC Press, 2009), p8
  12. ^ Hans-Georg Wolf, English in Cameroon (Walter de Gruyter, 2001), pp140–141
  13. ^ "Copter Crew Rescued", Oakland Tribune, May 7, 1972, p1
  14. ^ Elliott Leyton, Hunting Humans: The Rise of the Modern Multiple Murderer (Random House, 1995), pp46–47
  15. ^ "Lakers Win NBA Crown", San Antonio Express, May 8, 1972, p1-D
  16. ^ "U.S. Mines Red Harbors, Hits Transportation Links", Oakland Tribune, May 9, 1972, p1
  17. ^ of speech from Miller Center of University of Virginia.
  18. ^ Charles J. Gross, American Military Aviation: The Indispensable Arm (Texas A&M University Press, 2002), p208
  19. ^ "Italian Neofascists Score Big Election Gains", Stars and Stripes, May 10, 1972, p2
  20. ^ "Israelis Free 97, Kill 2 Hijackers", Oakland Tribune, May 9, 1972, p1
  21. ^ "7 MIGs Downed In Big Strikes", Oakland Tribune, May 10, 1972, p1; Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2002), pp157–158
  22. ^ John Locher. John Locher Survival Briefing. 
  23. ^ Davies, Peter F-4 Phantom II vs. MiG-21: USAF & VPAF in the Vietnam War (Osprey, 2008), p62
  24. ^ Frisbee, John L. (March 1992). Valor: A Good Thought to Sleep On. 75. AirforceMagazine.com. http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/1992/March%201992/0392valor.aspx. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  25. ^ William J. McCormack, The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture (Blackwell, 2001), pp201–202
  26. ^ "Fiery Ship Collison Kills 83", Milwaukee Sentinel, May 12, 1972, p1
  27. ^ "Bruins Win Stanley Cup", Winnipeg Free Press, May 12, 1972, p1
  28. ^ "Morton OKs Alaska Oil Pipeline", Oakland Tribune, May 11, 1972, p1
  29. ^ Graham Willett, A History of Gay and Lesbian Activism in Australia (Allen & Unwin, 2000), pp87–88
  30. ^ "Eight Drown as Flood Rips Town", Oakland Tribune, May 12, 1972, p1
  31. ^ Paul G. Gillespie, Weapons of choice: the development of precision guided munitions (University of Alabama Press, 2006), p116
  32. ^ "118 killed, 40 injured in Japanese store fire", Independent Press-Telegram (Long Beach, California), May 14, 1972, p1; "A Tale of Chaos In Osaka Blaze", Pacific Stars and Stripes, May 16, 1972, p7
  33. ^ "Objective Prism Spectra of SN1972e Near Maximum Phase", M.F. McCarthy, in Supernovae and Supernova Remnants: Proceedings, May 7–11, 1973 (Taylor & Francis U.S., 1974)
  34. ^ "Huge Meteor Hits Moon, Digs Crater", Oakland Tribune, May 14, 1972, p1
  35. ^ Matthew J. Ouimet, The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy (University of North Carolina Press 2003), p116
  36. ^ "Okinawa Returns To Japan's Rule", Oakland Tribune, May 15, 1972, p1
  37. ^ Michael S. Molasky, The American Occupation of Japan and Okinawa: Literature and Memory (Routledge, 1999), p22
  38. ^ "Wallace Shot At in Maryland Rally; His Legs Paralyzed", Des Moines Register, May 16, 1972, p1
  39. ^ Jody Carlson, George C. Wallace and the Politics of Powerlessness: The Wallace Campaigns for the Presidency, 1964–1976 (Transaction Books, 1981), p148
  40. ^ Robert E. Whaley, Derivatives: Markets, Valuation, and Risk Management (Wiley, 2006), p. xix
  41. ^ Betty Pace, Renaissance of Sickle Cell Disease Research in the Genome Era (Imperial College Press, 2007), p14
  42. ^ Audrey N. Grosch, Library Information Technology and Networks (CRC Press, 1995), p7
  43. ^ David T. Johnson and ; Franklin E. Zimring, The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change, and the Death Penalty in Asia (Oxford University Press, 2009), p111
  44. ^ Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements, Volume 1 (Taylor & Francis, 2003), p.2088
  45. ^ Kevin Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, Vol. 1, (CRC Press, 2005), p883
  46. ^ "Soviet Airliner Down; No Survivors", Bridgeport Telegram, May 20, 1972, p13; "Russian Jet Crash Toll 108 Persons", Oakland Tribune, May 26, 1972, p3
  47. ^ Ron Jacobs, The Way the Wind Blew: A History of the Weather Underground (Verso, 1997), p142; "Extensive Damage In Pentagon Blast", Oakland Tribune, May 19, 1972, p1
  48. ^ "Gathering of Eagles", by Robert Peterson, Scouting (May-Jun 2000), p14
  49. ^ Timothy J. Botti, Envy of the World: A History of the U.S. Economy & Big Business (Algora Publishing, 2006), p53
  50. ^ Encyclopedia of the U.N., supra, p282
  51. ^ "Pacers Win ABA", Oakland Tribune, May 21, 1972, p40
  52. ^ "Priceless 'Pietà' Damaged By Man Wielding Hammer", Oakland Tribune, May 22, 1972, p1
  53. ^ Borys Lewytzkyj, Politics and Society in Soviet Ukraine, 1953–1980 (University of Toronto Press, 1984), p147
  54. ^ "Kremlin Peace Talk by Nixon", Oakland Tribune, May 22, 1972, p1
  55. ^ Patrick Peebles, The History of Sri Lanka (Greenwood Press, 2006), pp123–124
  56. ^ United States Treaties and Other International Agreements, Vol. 23 (G.P.O. 1972) pp846–855
  57. ^ Helga Haftendorn, Coming of Age: German Foreign Policy Since 1945 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), p172
  58. ^ U.S. Treaties 1972, supra, pp867–872
  59. ^ "Rangers Triumph in Europe, 1972", "A Sporting Nation", bbc.co.uk
  60. ^ Institution of Engineering and Technology website; Michael H. Gorn, Expanding the Envelope: Flight Research at NACA and NASA (University Press of Kentucky, 2001)
  61. ^ T.B. Millar; and Robin Ward, Current International Treaties (Croom Helm, 1984), pp382–390; "U.S.-Russ Nuclear Arms Pact Signed", Oakland Tribune, May 27, 1972, p1
  62. ^ Joey Green, How They Met (Workman Publishing, 2003), p31
  63. ^ Jay Taylor, The Generalissimo's Son Chiang Ching-kuo and the Revolutions in China and Taiwan (Harvard University Press 2000), p309
  64. ^ Don Cusic, It's the Cowboy Way!: The Amazing True Adventures of Riders in the Sky (University Press of Kentucky, 2003), p92
  65. ^ Nicholas A. Ashford, Crisis in the Workplace: Occupational Disease and Injury, a report to the Ford Foundation. (MIT Press, 1975), p252
  66. ^ Fred Emery, Watergate: The Corruption of American Politics and the Fall of Richard Nixon (Simon & Schuster, 1995) p3
  67. ^ Douglas Birsch, The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Business, and Technology (SUNY Press, 1994), p254
  68. ^ "Duke to Be Buried At Windsor Castle", May 29, 1972, p1
  69. ^ David I. Rosenbaum, Market Dominance: How Firms Gain, Hold, or Lose it, and the Impact on Economic Performance (Praeger 1998); Seattle Mountain Rescue News, February 1973, pp4–5
  70. ^ "Nixon, Brezhnev Approve Plan to Seek World Peace", Oakland Tribune, May 29, 1972, p1
  71. ^ Aileen Gallagher, The Japanese Red Army (Rosen Publishing Group, 2003), pp24–27; "Israel's Night of Carnage", TIME Magazine, June 12, 1972
  72. ^ Bert Chapman, Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide (ABC-CLIO, 2008), pp99–100

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